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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 21 21 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 3 3 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 38-39 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 104 BC or search for 104 BC in all documents.

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Ahenobarbus 4. CN. DOMITIUS CN. F. CN. N. AHENOBARBUS, son of the preceding, was tribune of the plebs B. C. 104, in the second consulship of Marius. (Ascon. in Cornel. p. 81, ed. Orelli.) When the college of pontiffs did not elect him in place of his father, he brought forward the law (Lex Domitia), by which the right of election was transferred from the priestly colleges to the people. (Dict. of Ant. pp. 773, b. 774, a.) The people afterwards elected him Pontifex Maximus out of gratitude. (Liv. Epit. 67; Cic. pro Deiot. 11; V. Max. 6.5.5.) He prosecuted in his tribunate and afterwards several of his private enemies, as Aemilius Scaurus and Junius Silanus. (Val. Max. l.c. ; Dio Cass. Fr. 100; Cic. Div. in Caecil. 20, Verr. 2.47, Cornel. 2, pro Scaur. 1.) He was consul B. C. 96 with C. Cassius, and censor B. C. 92, with Licinius Crassus, the orator. In his censorship he and his colleague shut up the schools of the Latin rhetoricians (Cic. de Orat. 3.24; Gel. 15.11), but this was the o
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Alexander Jannaeus (*)Ale/candros *)Iannai=os), was the son of Johannes Hyrcanus, and brother of Aristobulus I., whom he succeeded, as King of the Jews, in B. C. 104, after putting to death one of his brothers, who laid claim to the crown. He took advantage of the unquiet state of Syria to attack the cities of Ptolemais (Acre), Dora, and Gaza, which, with several others, had made themselves independent. The people of Ptolemais applied for aid to Ptolemy Lathyrus, then king of Cyprus, who came with an army of thirty thousand men. Alexander was defeated on the banks of the Jordan, and Ptolemy ravaged the country in the most barbarous manner. In B. C. 102, Cleopatra came to the assistance of Alexander with a fleet and army, and Ptolemy was compelled to return to Cyprus. (B. C. 101.) Soon afterwards Alexander invaded Coele Syria, and renewed his attacks upon the independent cities. In B. C. 96 he took Gaza, destroyed the city, and massacred all the inhabitants. The result of these undert
Ca'tulus 3. Q. Lutatius Catulus, Q. F., consul B. C. 102 with C. Marius IV., having been previously defeated in three successive attempts, first by C. Atilius Serranus, who was consul in 106, secondly by Cn. Manlius (or Mallius, or Manilius), who was consul in B. C. 105, and thirdly by C. Flavius Fimbria, who was consul in B. C. 104. He either was not a candidate for the consulship of 103, or if unsuccessful, his disappointment is not alluded to by Cicero in the passage where the rest of his repulses are enumerated. (Pro Planc. 5.) At the time when Catulus entered upon office, the utmost consternation reigned at Rome. The Cimbri, who in their great migration westward had been joined by the Teutoni, the Ambrones, the Tigurini, and various other tribes, after sweeping the upper valley of the Danube and spreading over Southern Gaul and Northern Spain, after defeating four Roman consuls, Carbo (113), Silanus (109), Cassius (107), Manlius (105), together with the proconsul Caepio (105),
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ome of the changes which took place about this period. In B. C. 122, by the lex Sempronia of C. Gracchus, the judicia were transferred from the senate to the equites. In B. C. 106, by the lex Servilia of Q. Servilius Caepio, they were restored to the senate; and it is not correct to say (with Walter, Gesch. des Romischen Rechts, i. p. 244, and others), that by this lex Servilia both orders were admitted to share the judicia. The lex Servilia of Caepio had a very brief existence ; for about B. C. 104, by the lex Servilia of C. Servilius Glaucia, the judicia were again taken from the senate and given to the knights. Much error has arisen from the existence of two laws of the same name and of nearly the same date, but exactly opposite in their enactments. The speech of Ceasgus for the lex Servilia of Caepio was one of remarkable power and eloquence (Cic. Brut. 43, de Orat. 1.52), and expressed the strength of his devotion to the aristocratic party. It was probably in this speech that he
ave proposed to change the name in Gellius into Fannius, Augurinus, or Favonius; but as all the MSS. agree in Favorinus, it would be arbitrary to make any such alteration, and we must acquiesce in what we learn from Gellius. As for the lex Licinia here spoken of, Macrobius (2.13), in enumerating the sumptuary laws, mentions one which was carried by P. Licinius Crassus Dives, and which is, in all probability, the one which was supported by Favorinus. The exact year in which this law was promulgated is uncertain; some assign it to the censorship of Licinius Crassus, B. C. 89, others to his consulship in B. C. 97, and others, again, to his tribuneship, B. C. 110, or his praetorship, B. C. 104. The poet Lucilius is known to have mentioned this law in his Satires; and as that poet died in B. C. 103, it is at any rate clear that the law must have been carried previous to the consulship of Licinins Crassus, i. e. previous to B. C. 97. (H. Meyer, Fragm. Orat. Rom. p. 207, &c., 2d edit.) [L.S]
Fi'mbria *fimbri/as. 1. C. Flavius Fimbria, a homo novus, who, according to Cicero, rose to the highest honours in the republic through his own merit and talent. In B. C. 105 he was a candidate for the consulship, and the people gave him the preference to his competitor, Q. Lutatius Catulus; and accordingly, Fimbria was the colleague of C. Marius in his second consulship, B. C. 104. Fimbria must have acquired his popularity about that time, for we learn from Cicero (pro Planc. 21), that previously he had been an unsuccessful candidate for the tribuneship. What province he obtained after his consulship is unknown, but he seems to have been guilty of extortion during his administration, for M. Gratidius brought an action of repetundae against him, and was supported by the evidence of M. Aemilius Scaurus; but Fimbria was nevertheless acquitted. During the revolt of Saturninus, in B. C. 100, Fimbria, with other consulars, took up arms to defend the public good. Cicero describes him as a
ed his sentiments and his courage. (Cic. de Leg. 2.16.) According to Cicero (Cic. Brut. 45), Gratidius was a clever accuser, well versed in Greek literature, and a person with great natural talent as an orator; he was further a friend of the orator M. Antonius, and accompanied him as his praefect to Cilicia, where he was killed. In the last-mentioned passage Cicero adds, that Gratidius spoke against C. Fimbria, who had been accused of extortion. (V. Max. 8.5.2.) This accusation seems to refer to the administration of a province, which Fimbria undertook in B. C. 103 (for he was consul in B. C. 104), so that the accusation would belong to B. C. 102, and more particularly to the beginning of that year, for in the course of it M. Antonius undertook the command against the pirates, and M. Gratidius, who accompanied him, was killed. (Comp. J. Obsequens, Prodig. 104; Drumann, Gesch. Roms, vol. i. p. 61, who, however, places the campaign of M. Antonius against the pirates one year too early.)
of the Numidian king. Jugurtha fell into the snare : he was induced, under pretence of a conference, to repair with only a few followers to meet Bocchus, when he was instantly surrounded, his attendants cut to pieces, and he himself made prisoner, and delivered in chains to Sulla, by whom he was conveyed directly to the camp of Marius. This occurred early in the year 106. He remained in captivity till the return of Marius to Rome, when, after adorning the triumph of his conqueror (Jan. 1, B. C. 104), he was thrown into a dungeon, and there starved to death. His two sons, who were, together with himself, led in chains before the car of Marius, were afterwards allowed to spend their lives in captivity at Venusia. There is no doubt that Jugurtha occupies a more prominent place in history than he would otherwise deserve, in consequence of the war against him having been made the subject, by Sallust, of one of the most beautiful historical works that has been preserved to us from antiqu
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Li'cinus, Po'rcius 5. Porcius Licinus, an ancient Roman poet, whom A. Gellius places between Valerius Aedituus and Q. Lutatius Catulus, consul B. C. 104, and who, therefore, probably lived in the latter part of the second century, B. C. Gellius quotes an epigram of Licinus, which seems to be taken from the Greek, and likewise cites the commencement of a poem of his on the history of Roman poetry, written in trochaic tetrameters. He seems to be the same as the Porcius mentioned in the life of Terence, ascribed to Suetonius, but must not be confounded, as he has been by some modern writers, with the consul of this name. [No. 2.] (Gel. 19.9, 17.2; Anthol. Lat. Nos. 25, 26, ed. Meyer; Madvig, de L. Attii Didascalicis, p. 20.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Longi'nus, Ca'ssius 6. L. Cassius Longinus, described as L. F. by Asconius (in Cornel. p. 78, ed. Orelli), son of No. 4, was tribune of the plebs B. C. 104; and being a warm opponent of the aristocratical party, he I rought forward many laws to diminish their power. Among them was one which enacted that no one should be a senator whom the people had condemned, or who had been deprived of their imperium: this law was levelled against his personal enemy, Q. Servilius Caepio, who had been deprived of his imperium on account of his defeat by the Cimbri. (Ascon. l.c.
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