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Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham) 1 1 Browse Search
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 1 1 Browse Search
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Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), Fragments (search)
robably in order to inspect it because of his kinship with AegeusAegeus, King of Athens, father of Theseus, is not connected in any extant myth with the Aegean island of Scyros.> Schol. Vatic. ad Eur. Hipp. 11. *)ek tw=n *(hraklei/dou peri\ *politeiw=n. Kings were no longer chosen from the house of Codrus,King of Athens, died 1068 B.C. (by the mythical chronology). because they were thought to be luxurious and to have become soft. But one of the house of Codrus, Hippomenes, who wished to repel the slander, taking a man in adultery with his daughter Leimone, killed him by yoking him to his chariot with his daughter [? emend 'with his team'], and locked her up with a horse till she died.722 B.C.; the Attic nobles deposed him in punishment. *)ek tw=n *(hraklei/dou peri\ *politeiw=n. The ass
Codrus (*Ko/dros), the son of Melanthus, and king of Athens, where he reigned, according to tradition, some time after the conquest of the Peloponnesus by the Dorians, about B. C. 1068. Once when the Dorians invaded Attica from Peloponnesus, they were told by an oracle, that they should be victorious if the life of the Attic king was spared. The Dorians accordingly took the greatest precautions not to kill the king. But when Codrus was informed of the oracle, he resolved to sacrifice himself, and thus to deliver his country. In the disguise of a common man, he entered the camp of the enemy. There he began quarrelling with the soldiers, and was slain in the struggle. When the Dorians discovered the death of the Attic king, they abstained from further hostilities, and returned home. Tradition adds, that as no one was thought worthy to succeed such a high-minded and patriotic king, the kingly dignity was abolished, and a responsible archon for life was appointed instead. In our accounts