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illustrious Julian house, by marrying Julia, the sister of C. Julius Caesar, who was the father of the subsequent ruler of Rome. We have no information of the occupations of Marius for the next few years, and we do not read of him again till B. C. 109, in which year he went into Africa as the legate of the consul Q. Caecilius Metellus, who had previously assisted him in obtaining the tribunate of the plebs. Here, in the war against Jugurtha. the military genius of Marius had ample opportunitarians now poured over Gaul, and seem to have plundered and ravaged it in every direction. The Romans sent army after army to defend at least the southwestern part of the country, which was now a province of the Roman state; but all in vain. In B. C. 109 the consul, M. Junius Silanus, was defeated by the Cimbri; in B. C. 107 the Tigurini cut in pieces, near the lake of Geneva, the army of Marius's colleague, the consul L. Cassius Longinus, who lost his life in the battle; and shortly afterwards
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Ma'rius or Marius the Younger or the Younger Marius (search)
Ma'rius or Marius the Younger or the Younger Marius 2. C. Marius, the son of the great Marius, was only an adopted son. (Liv. Epit. 86; Vell. 2.26.) Appian in one passage (B. C. 1.87) calls him a nephew of the preceding, though he had previously spoken of him as his son (B. C. 1.62). He was born in B. C. 109; and the particulars of his life down to the time of his father's death are related in the preceding article. During the three years after the death of the elder Marius Sulla was engaged in the prosecution of the war against Mithridates, and Italy was entirely in the hands of the Marian party. The young Marius followed in the footsteps of his father, and was equally distisguished by merciless severity against his enemies. he was elected consul for the year B. C. 82, when he was twenty-seven years of age, and his colleague was Cn. Papirius Carbo. Slla had landed at Brundisium at the beginning of the preceding year, and after conquering the southern part of the peninsula, appears t
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Metellus Numidicus (search)
is time. The year of his praetorship is not stated; but it was probably after his return from his praetorian province that he was accused of extortion, on which occasion it is related that the judges had such confidence in his integrity that they refused to look at his accounts when they were produced in court. Some modern writers, however, suppose that this trial took place after his return from Numidia (Cic. pro Balb. 5, ad Att. 1, 16; V. Max. 2.10.1). Metellus obtained the consulship in B. C. 109, with M. Junius Silanus, and received Numidia as his province, with the conduct of the war against Jugurtha, who had in the year before inflicted great disgrace upon the Roman arms. Their honour, however, was fully retrieved by Metellus, who gained a great victory over Jugurtha near the river Muthul. It is unnecessary to enter here into the details of the war, as they are given in the life of JUGURTHA. Metellus remained in Numidia during the following year as proconsul, but as he was chief
Metellus Pius 19. Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius, Q. F. L. N., son of Numidicus [No. 14], received the surname of Pius on account of the love which he displayed for his father when he besought the people to recall him from banishment, in B. C. 99. He was about twenty years of age when he accompanied his father to Numidia in B. C. 109. He obtained the praetorship in B. C. 89, and was one of the commanders in the Marsic or Social war, which had broken out in the preceding year. He defeated and slew in battle Q. Pompaedius, the leader of the Marsians in B. C. 88. He was still in arms in B. C. 87, prosecuting the war against the Samnites, when Marius landed in Italy and joined the consul Cinna. The senate, in alarm, summoned Metellus to Rome; and, as the soldiers placed more confidence in him than in the consul Octavius, they entreated him to take the supreme command shortly after his arrival in the city. As he refused to comply with their request, numbers deserted to the enemy; and finding
uption brought him before the judices again a few years afterwards, when he met with a different fate. He had been at the head of the commission which was sent into Africa in B. C. II 2, in order to divide the dominions of Micipsa between Jugurtha and Adherbal, and had allowed himself to be bribed by Jugurtha, to assign to him the better part of the country. This scandalous conduct had passed unnoticed at the time but when the defeat of the Roman army, through the misconduct of Albinus, in B. C. 109, had roused the indignation of the Roman people, the tribune, C. Manilius Limetanus, brought forward a bill for inquiry into the conduct of all those who had received bribes from Jugurtha. By this law Opimius was condemned along with many others of the leading members of the aristocracy. He went into exile to Dyrrhachium in Epeirus, where he lived for some years, hated and insulted by the people, and where he eventually died in great poverty. He richly deserved his punishment, and met with
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
, by which an inquiry was to be instituted against all those who had received bribes from Jugurtha, or had in any way favoured his designs. Although Scaurus had been one of the most guilty, such was his influence in the state that he contrived to be appointed one of the three quaesitores, who were elected under the bill, for the purpose of prosecuting the criminals. But though he thus secured himself, he was unable to save any of his accomplices. Bestia and many others were condemned. In B. C. 109, Scaurus was censor with M. Livius Drusus. In his censorship he restored the Milvian bridge, and constructed the Aemilian road, which ran by Pisae and Luna as far as Dertona. His colleague Drusus having died, Scaurus ought, according to custom, to have resigned his office immediately; but he continued to retain it till the tribunes compelled him to abdicate by threat of imprisonment. In B. C. 107, he was elected consul a second time, in place of L. Cassius Longinus, who had fallen in battl
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Sila'nus, Ju'nius 4. M. Junius Silanus, consul B. C. 109, with M. Caecilius Metellus, fought in this year against the Cimbri in Transalpine Gaul, and was defeated. He was accused in B. C. 104, by the tribune Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, out of revenge, because he had injured an hereditary friend of Ahenobarbus. The latter charged him with having fought without any commission from the people (injussu populi), and with having thus been the principal cause of the calamities which the Romans had experienced in this war; but he was acquitted almost unanimously, as only two tribes out of the thirty-five voted for his condemnation. Cicero (Brut. 35) praises his oratorical powers. (Liv. Ep.65 ; Sail. Jug. 43 ; Eutrop. 4.11. s. 27; Flor. 3.3.4 ; Cic. Div. in Caecil. 20, Verr. 2.47; Ascon. in Cornel. pp. 68, 80, ed. Orelli.)
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller), Quintus Caecilius Metellus Numidicus (search)
Quintus Caecilius Metellus Numidicus nephew of the preceding, statesman and soldier; as consul (109), carried on the war with Jugurtha with distinguished success, 2.79.
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