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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 22 22 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 111 BC or search for 111 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Grypus (search)
but at the end of that time his half-brother, Antiochus Cyzicenus, the son of Antiochus Sidetes and their common mother Cleopatra, laid claim to the crown, and a civil war ensued. (B. C. 112.) The remaining history of the Seleucidae till Syria became a Roman province, is hardly anything else but a series of civil wars between the princes of the royal family. In the first year of the struggle (B. C. 112), Antiochus Cyzicenus became master of almost the whole of Syria, but in the next year (B. C. 111), A. Grypus regained a considerable part of his dominions; and it was then agreed that the kingdom should be shared between them, A. Cyzicenus having Coele-Syria and Phoenicia, and A. Grypus the remainder of the provinces. This arrangement lasted, though with frequent wars between the two kings, till the death of Antiochus Grypus, who was assassinated by Heracleon in B. C. 96, after a reign of twenty-nine years. He left five sons, Seleucus, Philip, Antiochus Epiphanes, Demetrius Eucaerus,
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Antiochus Cyzicenus (search)
Antiochus Ix. or Antiochus Cyzicenus (*)Anti/oxos), king of SYRIA surnamed CYZICENUS (*Kuzikhno/s) from Cyzicus, where he was brought up, and on coins Philopator (*Filopa/twr), reigned over Coele-Syria and Phoenicia from B. C. 111 to 96, as is stated in the preceding article. On the death of his brother, Antiochus VIII., he attempted to obtain possession of the whole of Syria; but his claims were resisted by Seleucus, the eldest son of Antiochus VIII.,by whom he was killed in battle, B. C. 95. He left behind him a son, Antiochus Eusebes, who succeeded to the throne. (Justin, Appian, Joseph. ll. cc.; Eckhel, iii. p. 241, &c.) The reverse of the foregoing coin is the same as that of Antiochus VI
ural and unartificial, distinguished by strength and energy rather than by finish and polish. He wrote a work de Ratione Dicendi, which is referred to by Cicero (Cic. de Orat. 1.21) and Quintilian (3.6.45), but neither it nor any of his orations has come down to us. His chief orations were, 1. A defence of himself, when accused of incest with a vestal virgin, B. C. 113. (V. Max. 3.7.9, 6.8.1; Liv. Epit. 63 ; Ascon. ad Cic. Milon. 100.12; Oros. 5.15.) 2. A speech against Cn. Papirius Carbo, B. C. 111, who had been defeated by the Cimbri in 113. (Appul. de Mag. p. 316, ed. Oudend.) 3. An oration against Sex. Titius, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 99. (Cic. de Orat. 2.11, pro Rabir. perd. 9.) 4. A defence of M'. Aquillius, accused of extortion in the government of Sicily, about B. C. 99. This was the most celebrated of his orations. (Cic. Brut. 62, de Off. 2.14, pro Flacco, 39, de Orat. 2.28, 47, in Verr. 5.1; Liv. Epit. 70.) 5. A defence of himself when accused of bribery by Duronius. (Ci
Bae'bius 6. C. Baebius, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 111, was bribed by Jugurtha when the latter came to Rome. When Mummius commanded Jugurtha to give answers to certain questions, Baebius bade him be silent, and thus quashed the investigation. (Sal. Jug. 33, 34.)
Balbus 2. Sp. Thorius Balbus, tribune of the plebs bout B. C. 111, was a popular speaker, and introduced in his tribuneship an agrarian law, of which considerable fragments have been discovered on bronze tablets, and of which an account is given in the Dict. of Ant. s. v. Thoria Lex. (Cic. Brut. 36, de Orat. 2.70; Appian, App. BC 1.27.)
Calpu'rnia 1. The daughter of L. Calpurnius Bestia, consul in B. C. 111, the wife of P. Antistius and the mother of Antistia, the first wife of Pompeius Magnus. On the murder of her husband in B. C. 82, by order of the younger Marius, Calpurnia put an end to her own life. (Vell. 2.26; comp. [ANTISTIUS, No. 6].)
e to listen to their discourses. The novelty of their doctrines seemed to the Romans of the old school to be fraught with such danger to the morals of the citizens, that Cato induced the senate to send them away from Rome as quickly as possible. (Plut. Cat. Ma. 22; Gel. 7.14; Macrob. Saturn. 1.5; Cic. de Orat. 2.37, 38.) We have no further information respecting the life of Critolaüs. He lived upwards of eighty-two years, but died before the arrival of L. Crassus at Athens, that is, before B. C. 111. (Lucian, Macrob. 20; Cic. de Orat. 1.11.) Critolaus seems to have paid particular attention to Rhetoric, though he considered it, like Aristotle, not as an art, but rather as a matter of practice (tribh/). Cicero speaks in high terms of his eloquence. (Quint. Inst. 2.15.23, 17.15; Sext. Empir. ad v. Mathem. 2.12, p. 291; Cic. de Fin. 5.5.) Next to Rhetoric, Critolaüs seems to have given his chief attention to the study of moral philosophy, and to have made some additions to Aristotle's
259, Orelli); the satirist Lucilius made frequent mention of him (Cic. Brut. 43, ad Att. 6.3), and the name Granius became a proverbial expression for a man of wit. Cicero remarks that the only event at all memorable in the tribuneship of L. Licinius Crassus the orator [CRASSUS, No. 23] was his supping with Granius (Brut. 43). Some of the replies of Granius are recorded by Cicero (Cic. de Orat. 2.60, 62). They may be denominated puns, and are not always intelligible in another language. In B. C. 111, the consuls P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica, and L. Calpurnius Bestia [BESTIA, No. 1.], suspended all public business, that the levies for the war with Jugurtha might proceed without interruption. Scipio, seeing Granius idle in the forum, asked him " whether he grieved at the auctions being put off? " " No," was the clerk's reply ; "but I am at the legations being put off." The point of the reply lies in the double meaning of " rejectae" in the original; the senate had sent more than one fruit
eeded to invade Numidia. But Jugurtha, having failed in averting the war by his customary arts, next tried their effect upon the general sent against him. The avarice of Bestia rendered him easily accessible to these designs; and by means of large sums of money given to him and M. Scaurus, who acted as his principal lieutenant, Jugurtha purchased from them a favourable peace, on condition only of a pretended submission, together with the surrender of 30 elephants and a small sum of money, B. C. 111. As soon as the tidings of this disgraceful transaction reached Rome, the indignation excited was so great, that on the proposition of C. Memmius, it was agreed to send the praetor, L. Cassius, a man of the highest integrity, to Numidia, in order to prevail on the king to repair in person to Rome, the popular party hoping to be able to convict the leaders of the nobility by means of his evidence. The safe-conduct granted him by the state was religiously observed: but the scheme failed of i
Lici'nia 5. The daughter of L. Licinius Crassus the orator, consul B. C. 95, married P. Scipio Nasica, praetor B. C. 94, who was the son of P. Scipio Nasica, consul B. C. 111. Both she and her sister [No. 6] were distinguished for the purity and elegance with which they spoke the Latin language, an accomplishment which their mother Mucia, and their grandmother Laelia equally possessed. (Cic. Brut. 58.)
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