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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 13 13 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 112 BC or search for 112 BC in all documents.

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Adherbal 3. The son of Micipsa, and grandson of Masinissa, had the kingdom of Numidia left to him by his father in conjunction with his brother Hiempsal and Jugurtha, B. C. 118. After the murder of his brother by Jugurtha, Adherbal fled to Rome and was restored to his share of the kingdom by the Romans in B. C. 117. But Adherbal was again stripped of his dominions by Jugurtha and besieged in Cirta, where he was treacherously killed by Jugurtha in B. C. 112, although he had placed himself under the protection of the Romans. (Sal. Jug. 5, 13, 14, 24, 25, 26; Liv. Ep. 63; Diod. Exc. xxxiv. p. 605. ed. Wess.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Grypus (search)
. C. 120.) For the next eight years Antiochus reigned in peace; but at the end of that time his half-brother, Antiochus Cyzicenus, the son of Antiochus Sidetes and their common mother Cleopatra, laid claim to the crown, and a civil war ensued. (B. C. 112.) The remaining history of the Seleucidae till Syria became a Roman province, is hardly anything else but a series of civil wars between the princes of the royal family. In the first year of the struggle (B. C. 112), Antiochus Cyzicenus became B. C. 112), Antiochus Cyzicenus became master of almost the whole of Syria, but in the next year (B. C. 111), A. Grypus regained a considerable part of his dominions; and it was then agreed that the kingdom should be shared between them, A. Cyzicenus having Coele-Syria and Phoenicia, and A. Grypus the remainder of the provinces. This arrangement lasted, though with frequent wars between the two kings, till the death of Antiochus Grypus, who was assassinated by Heracleon in B. C. 96, after a reign of twenty-nine years. He left five s
e it is sometimes difficult to determine whether passages in the classical authors relate to the father or the son, and in some cases it is probable that the father and the son have been confounded by ancient writers. In a case of doubt the presumption is that the son [No. 6] is intended, since his tragical death, followed close by the Marsic war, has rendered the year of his tribunate a conspicuous era in Roman history. We read nothing more of Drusus, until he obtained the consulship in B. C. 112. He probably passed through the regular gradations of office as aedile and praetor. He may be the praetor urbanus, whose decision, that an action of mandatum lay against an heir as such, is mentioned ad Heren. 2.13, and he may be the Drusus praetor, an instance of whose legal astuteness is recorded in a letter of Cicero to Atticus (vetus illud Drusi praetoris, &c., 7.2); but we should rather be disposed to refer these passages to some member of the family (perhaps No. 2 or No. 1), who atta
ignity; but though Jugurtha obeyed their summons, and presented himself before them, accompanied only by a few horsemen, he did not raise the siege of Cirta; and the ambassadors, after many fruitless threats, were obliged to quit Africa without accomplishing the object of their mission. Hereupon the garrison of Cirta surrendered, on a promise of their lives being spared : but these conditions were shamefully violated by Jugurtha, who immediately put to death Adherbal and all his followers, B. C. 112. Indignation was now loud at Rome against the Numidian king: yet so powerful was the influence of those whose favour he had gained by his largesses, that he would probably have prevailed upon the senate to overlook all his misdeeds, had not one of the tribunes, C. Memmius, by bringing the matter before the people, compelled the senators to assume a more lofty tone. War was accordingly declared against him, and one of the consuls, L. Calpurnius Bestia, landed in Africa with a large army,
Li'via 1. Daughter of M. Livius Drusus, consul B. C. 112, and sister of M. Livius Drusus, the celebrated tribune of the plebs, who was killed B. C. 91. [See the genealogical table, Vol. I. p. 1076.] She was married first to M. Porcius Cato, by whom she had Cato Uticensis (Cic. Brut. 62; V. Max. 3.1.2; Aur. Vict. de Vir. Ill. 80; Plut. Cat. Mi. 1.2), and subsequently to Q. Servilius Caepio, by whom she had a daughter, Servilia, who was the mother of M. Brutus, who killed Caesar. (Plut. Brut. 2, Caes. 62, Cat. Min. 24.) Some writers suppose that Caepio was her first husband, and Cato her second.
ttained to the age of seventeen. (See Stevech. ad Veget. 1.7; Liv. 25.5; Sigon. de Jure Civ. Rom. 1.15; Manut. de Leg. 12.) 2. It is here taken for granted that the Lex Licinia sumpnuaria was passed in the year B. C. 98, or rather, perhaps, B. C. 97, in the consulship of Cn. Cornelius Lentulus and P. Licinius Crassus. But the learned have been long at variance with regard to the date of this enactment; Pighius, in his Annals, and Freinsheim, in his Supplement to Livy (64.52), refer it to B. C. 112; Wuillner, in his treatise " De Laevio Poeta," to the praetorship of Licinius Crassus, B. C. 104, relying chiefly on the words of Macrobius (Macr. 2.13); Bach, in his history of Roman jurisprudence, to B. C. 97; Gronovius, on A. Gellius, to B. C. 88; Meyer, in his Collection of the Fragments of Roman Orators, to the second consulship of Pompey and Crassus, B. C. 55. It is evident that no conclusion can be drawn from a matter on which such a remarkable diversity of opinion prevails. 3. It
Massi'va 2. Son of Gulussa, and grandson of Masinissa. Having taken part with Adherbal in his disputes with Jugurtha, he fled to Rome after the capture of Cirta and death of Adherbal (B. C. 112). When Jugurtha himself came to Rome in B. C. 108, Massiva was induced by the unfavorable disposition of the senate towards that monarch, and by the instigations of the consul Sp. Albinus, to put in his own claim to the kingdom of Numidia. Jugurtha, alarmed at his pretensions, determined to rid himself of his rival, and, through the agency of his minister Bomilcar, succeeded in effecting the assassination of Massiva. (Sal. Jug. 35; Liv. Epit. lxiv.; Florus, 3.2.) [E.H.B]
Paeri'sades 3. A second king of Bosporus, and the last monarch of the first dynasty that ruled in that country. He was probably a descendant of No. 1, but the history of the kingdom of Bosporus, during the period previous to his reign, is wholly lost. We only know that the pressure of the Scythian tribes from without, and their constantly increasing demands of tribute, which he was unable to resist, at length induced Paerisades voluntarily to cede his sovereignty to Mithridates the Great. (Strab. vii. pp. 309, 310.) The date of this event is wholly unknown, but it cannot be placed earlier than B. C. 112, nor later than B. C. 88. It is uncertain whether an anecdote related by Polyaenus (7.37) refers to this Paerisades or to No. 1. [E.H.B]
Piso 5. L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, L. F. C. N., son of No. 4, was consul B. C. 112 with M. Livius Drusus. In B. C. 107 he served as legatus to the consul, L. Cassius Longinus, who was sent into Gaul to oppose the Cimbri and their allies, and he fell together with the consul in the battle, in which the Roman army was utterly defeated by the Tigurini in the territory of the Allobroges. [LONGINUS, No. 5.] This Piso was the grandfather of Caesar's father-in-law, a circumstance to which Caesar himself alludes in recording his own victory over the Tigurini at a later time. (Caes. Gal. 1.7, 12; Oros. 5.15.)
on of Scipio Africanus on his embassy to Egypt. Elsewhere (xiv. p. 657) he talks of him as a contemporary of Strabo, misunderstanding a passage of the latter (xvi. p. 1093), where the expression kaq' h(ma=s, in an author who quotes from so many writers of different ages, may very well be understood of one who preceded him but a short time. Vossius supposes that the old age of Poseidonius may have coincided with the childhood of Strabo. The supposition is not necessary. As Panaetius died in B. C. 112, and Poseidonius came to Rome in the consulship of M. Marcellus (B. C. 51), and according to Lucian (l.c.) reached the age of 84 years, B. C. 135 is probably not far from the date of the birth of Poseidonius. Poseidonius, leaving Syria, betook himself to Athens, and became the disciple of Panaetius, and never returned to his native country. (Suid. l.c. ; Cic. de Off. 3.2, Tusc. Disp. 5.37.) On the death of Panaetius he set out on his travels, and first visited Spain. At Gades he staid th
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