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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 115 BC or search for 115 BC in all documents.

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Ci'cero 1. M. Tullius Cicero, grandfather of the orator, appears to have taken a lead in his own community, and vigorously opposed the projects of his fellow-townsman and brother-in-law, M. Gratidius, who had raised a great commotion at Arpinum by agitating in favour of a law for voting by ballot. The matter was referred to the consul M. Aemilius Scaurus (B. C. 115), who complimented Cicero on his conduct, declaring that he would gladly see a person of such spirit and integrity exerting his powers on the great field of the metropolis, instead of remaining in the seclusion of a country town. The old man was still alive at the birth of his eldest grandson (B. C. 106), whom he little resembled in his tastes, for he was no friend to foreign literature, and was wont to say, that his contemporaries were like Syrian slaves, the more Greek they knew, the greater scoundrels they were. (Cic. de Leg. 2.1, 3.16, de Orat.2.66.)
s, according to Cicero (de Orat. 2.31) and Aurelius Victor (de Vir. Ill. 72), whereas Livy (Liv. Epit. 61) calls him Q. Decius, was tribune of the people in B. C. 120. L. Opimius, who had been consul the year before, was brought to trial by the tribune Decius for having caused the murder of C. Gracchus, and for having thrown citizens into prison without a judicial verdict. The enemies of Decius asserted that he had been induced by bribes to bring forward this accusation. Four years later, B. C. 115, Decius was praetor urbanus, and in that year he gave great offence to M. Aemilius Scaurus, who was then consul, by keeping his seat when the consul passed by him. The haughty Scaurus turned round and ordered him to rise, but when Decius refused, Scaurus tore his gown and broke the chair of Decius to pieces; at the same time he commanded that no one should justice at the hands of the refractory praetor. It is not improbable that the hostile feeling between the two men may have arisen from
Fides the personification of fidelity or faithfulness (Cic. de Off. 3.29). Numa is said to have built a temple to Fides publica, on the Capitol (Dionys. A. R. 2.75), and another was built there in the consulship of M. Aemilius Scaurus, B. C. 115 (Cic. de Nat. Deor. 2.23, 31; 3.18; de Leg. 2.8, 11). She was represented as a matron wearing a wreath of olive or laurel leaves, and carrying in her hand corn ears, or a basket with fruit. (Rasche, Lex Num. 2.1, p. 107.) [L.S]
Fufi'dius 1. L. Fufidius, a pleader of causes in some repute at Rome, about B. C. 115-105. M. Aemilius Scaurus the elder addressed to him an autobiography in three books. (Cic. Brut. 30; Plin. Nat. 23.1. s. 6.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
M'. Acilius Glabrio M. F. M. N. GLABRIO, son of the preceding and of Mucia, a daaghter of P. Mucius Scaevola, consul in B. C. 133. He married a daughter of M. Aemilius Scaurus, consul in B. C. 115 (Cic. in Verr. 1.17), whom Sulla, in B. C. 82, compelled him to divorce. (Plut. Sull. 33, Pomp. 9.) Glabrio was praetor urbanus in B. C. 70, when he presided at the impeachment of Verres. (Cic. in Verr. 1.2.) Cicero was anxious to bring on the trial of Verres during the praetorship of Glabrio (Ib. 18; Pseudo-Ascon. in Verr. argum. p. 125, Orelli), whose conduct in the preliminaries and the presidency of the judicium he commends (in Verr. Act. 2.5.29, 63), and describes him as active in his judicial functions and careful of his reputation (in Verr. 1.10, 14), although, in a later work (Brut. 68), he says that Glabrio's natural indolence marred the good education he had received from his grandfather Scaevola. Glabrio was consul with C. Calpurnius Piso in B. C. 67, and in the following year p
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
M'. Acilius Glabrio son of the preceding and of Aemilia, daughter of M. Aemilius Scaurus, consul in B. C. 115. Glabrio addressed the judices in behalf of his father-in-law, who was impeached for extortion in B. C. 54. [SCAURUS.] (Ascon. in Cic. Scaurian. p. 29, Orelli.) Glabrio was born in the house of Cn. Pompey, B. C. 81,who married his mother after her compulsory divorce from the elder Glabrio [No. 5]. Aemilia died in giving birth to him. (Plut. Sull. 33, Pomp. 9.) In the civil wars, B. C. 48, Glabrio was one of Caesar's lieutenants, and commanded the garrison of Oricum in Epeirus (Caes. Civ. 3.15, 16, 39). During the African war Glabrio was stationed in Sicily, and at this time, B. C. 46, Cicero addressed to him nine letters (ad Fam. 13.30-39) in behalf of friends or clients to whom their affairs in Sicily, or the casualties of the civil war, rendered protection important. When Caesar, in B. C. 44, was preparing for the Parthian wars, Glabrio was sent forward into Greece with a d
Grati'dius 1. M. Gratidius, proposed in B. C. 115 a lex tabellaria at Arpinum, which was opposed by M. Tullius Cicero, the grandfather of the orator, who was married to Gratidia, the sister of M. Gratidius. The question respecting the lex tabellaria was referred to the consul of the year, M. Aemilius Scaurus, who seems to have decided in favour of Cicero, for it is said that Scaurus praised his sentiments and his courage. (Cic. de Leg. 2.16.) According to Cicero (Cic. Brut. 45), Gratidius was a clever accuser, well versed in Greek literature, and a person with great natural talent as an orator; he was further a friend of the orator M. Antonius, and accompanied him as his praefect to Cilicia, where he was killed. In the last-mentioned passage Cicero adds, that Gratidius spoke against C. Fimbria, who had been accused of extortion. (V. Max. 8.5.2.) This accusation seems to refer to the administration of a province, which Fimbria undertook in B. C. 103 (for he was consul in B. C. 104), s
Here'nnius 5. C. Herennius, was the hereditary patron of the Marii, and possessed probably a patrimonial estate near Arpinum. When C. Marius the elder, about B. C. 115, was impeached for bribery at his praetorian comitia, Herennius was cited, but refused to give evidence against him, alleging that it was unlawful for a patron to injure his client. (Plut. Mar. 5.)
who had read his speeches, speaks of him as the greatest orator of his age, and says that he was the first who introduced into Latin oratory the smooth and even flow of words and the artificial construction of sentences which distinguished the Greek. He helped to form the style of Tib. Gracchus and C. Carbo, who were accustomed to listen to him with great care. He was, however, very deficient in a knowledge of law and Roman institutions. (Cic. Brut. 25, 86, 97, de Orat. 1.10. Tuscul. 1.3; Auctor, ad Herenn. 4.5.) In politics Lepidus seems to have belonged to the aristocratical party. He opposed in his consulship (B. C. 137) the law for introducing the ballot (lex tabillaria) proposed by L. Cassius Longinus (Cic. Brut. 25); and it appears from a fragment of Priscian (vol. i. p. 456), that Lepidus spoke in favour of a repeal of the lex Aemilia, which was probably the sumptuary law proposed by the consul, M. Aemilius Scaurus in B. C. 115. (Meyer, Orator. Rom. Fragm. p. 193, &100.2d. ed.)
otes of those who were elected; and he was still further exasperated by being prosecuted for bribery. Here he had a very narrow escape; the nobles seem to have felt sure of his conviction, and, contrary to all expectation, he was acquitted, but simply through the votes of the judges being equal. It appears, from a passage of Cicero (de Off. 3.20.79), that seven years elapsed between the praetorship and the first consulship of Marius; and he must, therefore, have filled the former office in B. C. 115, when he was now forty-two years of age. During his praetorship Marius either remained at Rome as the praetor orbanus or peregrinus, or had some province in Italy; and as his talents were not adapted for civil life, it is not surprising that he should have gained but little credit in this office, as Plutarch tells us was the case. In the following year he obtained a stage more suitable to his abilities; for he went as propraetor into the province of Further Spain, which he cleared of the r
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