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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 10 10 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 118 BC or search for 118 BC in all documents.

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Adherbal 3. The son of Micipsa, and grandson of Masinissa, had the kingdom of Numidia left to him by his father in conjunction with his brother Hiempsal and Jugurtha, B. C. 118. After the murder of his brother by Jugurtha, Adherbal fled to Rome and was restored to his share of the kingdom by the Romans in B. C. 117. But Adherbal was again stripped of his dominions by Jugurtha and besieged in Cirta, where he was treacherously killed by Jugurtha in B. C. 112, although he had placed himself under the protection of the Romans. (Sal. Jug. 5, 13, 14, 24, 25, 26; Liv. Ep. 63; Diod. Exc. xxxiv. p. 605. ed. Wess.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Cato, Po'rcius 4. M. Porcius Cato, elder son of Cato Licinianus. [No. 2.] Like his grandfather, the Censor, He was a vehement orator, and left behind him many written speeches . In B. C. 118, he was consul with Q. Marcius Rex, and in the sam year died in Africa, whither he had proceeded probably for the purpose of arranging the differences between the heirs of Micipsa in Numidia. (Gel. 13.19; Liv. Epit. lxii.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
onged. Val. Maximus (6.5.6) gives an instance of his honourable conduct in this case. When the slave of Carbo brought to Crassus a desk filled with his master's papers, Crassus sent back the desk to Carbo with the seal unbroken, together with his slave in chains. Carbo escaped condemnation by poisoning himself with cantharides (Cic. Fam. 9.21, Brut. 27) ; and Crassus, pitying his fate, felt some remorse at the eagerness and success of his accusation. (Cic. Ver. 3.1.) In the following year (B. C. 118) he defended the proposal of a law for establishing a new colony at Narbo in Gaul. The measure was opposed by the senate, who feared that by the assignation of lands to the poorer citizens, the aerarium would suffer from a diminution of the rents of the ager publicus; but, on this occasion, Crassus preferred the quest of popularity to the reputation of consistent adherence to the aristocracy. (Cic. Brut. 43, de Off 2.18.) By eloquence above his years, he succeeded in carrying the law, and
withstanding the contrary advice of Scipio, these counsels seem to have sunk deep into the mind of Jugurtha. On his return he was received with every demonstration of honour by Micipsa; nor did he allow his ambitious projects to break forth during the lifetime of the old man. Micipsa, on his death-bed, though but too clearly foreseeing what would happen, commended the two young princes to the care of Jugurtha: but at the very first interview which took place between them after his decease (B. C. 118), their dissensions broke out with the utmost fierceness. Shortly after, Jugurtha found an opportunity to surprise and assassinate Hiempsal in his lodging at Thirmida [HIEMPSAL]; whereupon Adherbal and his partisans rushed to arms, but were defeated in battle by Jugurtha; and Adherbal himself fled for refuge to the Roman province, from whence he hastened to Rome, to lay his cause before the senate. Jugurtha had now the opportunity, for the first time, of putting to the test that which he h
Mia'rcia 2. The wife of C. Julius Caesar, the grandfather of the dictator, and the sister of Q. Marcius Rex, consul in B. C. 118. (Suet. Jul. 6.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ma'ximus, Fa'bius 12. Q. Fabius Maximus Eburnus, was city praetor in B. C. 118, when he presided at the impeachment of C. Papirius Carbo, accused of majestas by L. Crassus. (CARBO, PAPIRIUS, No. 2.; Cic. de Orat. 1.26.) Fabius was consul in B. C. 116. He condemned one of his sons to death for immorality; but being subsequently accused by Cn. Pompeius Strabo of exceeding the limits of the " patria potestas," he went into exile, and probably to Nuceria. (Cic. pro Balb. 11; V. Max. 6.1.5; Oros. 5.16.)
. (Appian, App. Hisp. 67; Sal. Jug. 7.) On the latter occasion his auxiliaries were commanded by his nephew, Jugurtha, whom he had brought up with his own sons, and whom he was even induced to adopt; but the intrigues and ambition of the young man threw a cloud over the declining years of Micipsa, and filled him with apprehensions for the future. Jugurtha, however, was prudent enough to repress his ambitious projects during the lifetime of Micipsa: and the latter died at an advanced age in B. C. 118, having, on his death-bed, urged on his two sons, Adherbal and Hiempsal, and their adopted brother, the necessity of that harmony and concord which he but too well foresaw there was little chance of their preserving. (Sal. Jug. 5-11; Liv. Epit. lxii.; Oros. 5.15; Florus, 3.2.) Towards the close of the reign of Micipsa, Numidia was visited by a dreadful pestilence. which broke out in B. C. 125, and is said to have carried off not less than 800,000 persons. (Oros. 5.11.) But notwithstandi
Rex, Ma'rcius 4. Q. Marcius Rex, Q. F. Q. N., consul B. C. 118, with M. Porcius Cato. The colony of Narbo Martius in Gaul was founded in this year. Marcius carried on war against the Stoeni, a Ligurian people at the foot of the Alps, and obtained a triumph in the following year on account of his victories over them. Marcius lost during his consulship his only son, a youth of great promise, but had such mastery over his feelings as to meet the senate on the day of his son's burial, and perform his regular official duties (Plin. Nat. 2.31; Gel. 13.19; Liv. Epit. 62; Oros. 5.14; Fasti Capit. ; V. Max. 5.10.3). The sister of this Marcius Rex married C. Julius Caesar, the grandfather of the dictator. [MARCIA, No. 2.]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
, and Valerius Antias. The date thus indicated will by no means agree with the statements contained in Cicero's Brutus (64, 68), that he was intermediate between Hortensius and Sulpicius, of whom the former was born in B. C. 114, the latter in B. C. 124. The account here given is confirmed by the fact, which seems to be clearly established, that he was praetor in the year when Sulla died (B. C. 78), for supposing him to have obtained the office " suo anno," his birth would thus be fixed to B. C. 118 or 119. He probably obtained Sicily for his province, in B. C. 77, and from the local knowledge thus acquired was enabled to render good service to Verres, whose cause he espoused (Cic. Ver. 2.45, 4.20). During the piratical war (B. C. 67) he acted as the legatus of Pompeius, and having been despatched to Crete in command of an army, died in that island at the age of about fifty-two. Works Historiae His great work, entitled Historiae, extended to at least twelve or fourteen books, but
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
es to this Tubero the saying that Lucullus was " Xerxes in a toga ;" but this is a mistake, for Tubero the Stoic was a contemporary of the Gracchi and tribunus plebis in B. C. 133, the year in which Tiberius was also tribunus plebis. Lucullus could not play the part of Xerxes in a toga earlier than B. C. 63. In B. C. 129 Tubero failed in his candidateship for the praetorship, but in B. C. 123 he was praetor. Pomponius says that he was also consul, but it has been inferred from the passage in the Brutus (100.31) that he never obtained the consulship. He appears however to have been consul suffectus in B. C. 118. He was an opponent of C. Gracchus as well as of Tiberius, and delivered some speeches against him B. C. 123. Tubero is one of the speakers in Cicero's dialogue de Republica. The passages in the Pandect in which Tubero is cited do not refer to this Tubero, but to the son of Lucius. (Cic. Brut. ed. H. Meyer, 100.31, and the note; H. Meyer, Oratorum Romanorum Frag. p. 251, 2d ed.)