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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 13 13 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 3 3 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 120 BC or search for 120 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Grypus (search)
t bear the title of king, while the real sovereignty remained in her hands. (B. C. 125.) At this time the greater part of Syria was in the power of the usurper Alexander Zebina [see p. 127b.]; but Antiochus, with the assistance of Ptolemy Physcon, the king of Egypt, whose daughter he married, conquered Alexander and became master of the whole of Syria. Cleopatra then became jealous of him and plotted against his life; but her son compelled her to drink the poison she had prepared for him. (B. C. 120.) For the next eight years Antiochus reigned in peace; but at the end of that time his half-brother, Antiochus Cyzicenus, the son of Antiochus Sidetes and their common mother Cleopatra, laid claim to the crown, and a civil war ensued. (B. C. 112.) The remaining history of the Seleucidae till Syria became a Roman province, is hardly anything else but a series of civil wars between the princes of the royal family. In the first year of the struggle (B. C. 112), Antiochus Cyzicenus became mast
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
A'rchias, A. Lic'nius a Greek poet, born at Antioch in Syria, about B. C. 120. His name is known chiefly from the speech of Cicero * Schroeter has attacked the genuineness of this oration (Oratio quae vulgo fertur pro Archia, &c., Lips. 1818), which is however as full established as that of any other of Cicero's speeches. in his defence, which is the only source of information about him, and must therefore be very questionable evidence of his talent, considering that the verses of Archias had been employed in celebrating the part which that orator played in the conspiracy of Catiline. He was on intimate terms with many of the first families in Rome, particularly with the Licinii, whose name he adopted. His reception during a journey through Asia Minor and Greece (pro Arch. 100.3), and afterwards in Grecian Italy, where Tarentum, Rhegium, Naples, and Locri enrolled him on their registers, shews that his reputation was, at least at that time, considerable. In B. C. 102 he came to Rome,
eed; and this report may not have been wholly without foundation, if we consider the character of Carbo. After his tribuneship, Carbo continued to act as the friend and supporter of the Graechi. Upon the death of C. Gracchus, L. Opimius, his Imurderer, who was consul in B. C. 121, put to death a great number of the friends of the Grecchi: but at the expiration of his consulship he was accused of high treason by the tribune Q. Decius, and Carbo, who was now raised to the consulship himself (B. C. 120), suddenly turned round, and not only undertook the defence of Opimius, but did not scruple to say, that the murder of C. Gracchus had been an act of perfect justice. This inconsistency drew upon him the contempt of both parties, so that, as Cicero says, even his return to the aristocratical party could not secure him their protection. The aristocracy could not forget that he was suspected of having murdered Seipio, and seem to have been waiting for an opportunity to crush him. In B. C. 11
De'cius 4. P. Decius, according to Cicero (de Orat. 2.31) and Aurelius Victor (de Vir. Ill. 72), whereas Livy (Liv. Epit. 61) calls him Q. Decius, was tribune of the people in B. C. 120. L. Opimius, who had been consul the year before, was brought to trial by the tribune Decius for having caused the murder of C. Gracchus, and for having thrown citizens into prison without a judicial verdict. The enemies of Decius asserted that he had been induced by bribes to bring forward this accusation. Four years later, B. C. 115, Decius was praetor urbanus, and in that year he gave great offence to M. Aemilius Scaurus, who was then consul, by keeping his seat when the consul passed by him. The haughty Scaurus turned round and ordered him to rise, but when Decius refused, Scaurus tore his gown and broke the chair of Decius to pieces; at the same time he commanded that no one should justice at the hands of the refractory praetor. It is not improbable that the hostile feeling between the two men m
Galba 8. C. Sulpicius, SER. F. GALBA, apparently a son of No. 6, and son-in-law of P. Crassus Mucianus, was quaestor in B. C. 120. During the transactions with Jugurtha he was accused of having been bribed by the Nunidian, and was condemned in B. C. 110 by a lex Mamilia. Cicero states that C. Sulpicius Galba enjoyed great favour with his contemporaries for his father's sake. His defence against the charge of being bribed by Jugurtha was read by Cicero when yet a boy, and delighted him so much that he learned it by heart. At the time of his condemnation he belonged to the college of pontiffs, and was the first priest that was ever condemned at Rome by a judicium publicam. (Cic. Brut. 26, 33, 34, de Orat. 1.56.)
Mani'lius 5. P. Manilius, consul B. C. 120, with C. Papirius Carbo, but nothing is recorded of him. (Cassiod.; Chron. Alex.; Fasti Noris.)
Metellus 7. Q. Caecilius Metellus Balearicus, Q. F. Q. N., eldest son of No. 5, was consul B. C. 123 with T. Quinctius Flamininus, and during this year and the following carried on war against the inhabitants of the Balearic islands, who were accused of piracy. He entirely subdued them, and founded several cities in the islands; and in consequence of his victories he obtained a triumph in B. C. 121, and received the surname of Balearicus. He was censor in B. C. 120 with L. Calpurnius Piso. (Plut. de Fort. Rom. 4; Cic. Brut. 74, pro Dom. 53; Liv. Epit. 60; Eutrop. 4.21, who erroneously calls him Lucius; Oros. 5.13; Flor. 3.8; Strab. iii. p.167.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Mithridates Eupator or Mithridates Magnus or Mithridates the Great (search)
an, that he was sixty-eight or sixty-nine years old at the time of his death, of which he had reigned fifty-seven. Memnon, on the other hand (100.30, ed. Orell.), makes him thirteen at the time when he ascended the throne, and Dio Cassius (35.9) calls him above seventy years old in B. C. 68, which would make him at least seventy-five at his death, but this last account is certainly erroneous. If Appian's statement concerning the length of his reign be correct, we may place his accession in B. C. 120. We have very imperfect information concerning the earlier years of his reign, as indeed during the whole period which preceded his wars with the Romans; and much of what has been transmitted to us wears a very suspicious, if not fabulous, aspect. According to Justin, unfortunately our chief authority for the events of this period, both the year of his birth and that of his accession were marked by the appearance of comets of portentous magnitude. The same author tells us that immediatel
forced on matters to an open rupture. As soon as he was armed by the senate with the well-known decree, "That the consuls should take care that the republic suffered no injury," he resolved to make away with Gracchus, and succeeded, as is related in the life of the latter. Opimius and his party abused their victory most savagely, and are said to have killed more than three thousand persons. [For details see Vol. II. pp. 197, 198, and the authorities there quoted.] In the following year, B. C. 120, Opimins was accused by Q. Decius, tribune of the plebs, of having put Roman citizens to death without a trial. He was defended by the consul, C. Papirius Carbo, who had formerly belonged to the party of Gracchus, but had gone over to that of the aristocracy. Although the judices now belonged to the equestrian order by one of the laws of Gracchus, they were too much terrified by the events of the preceding year to condemn the person who had been the prime mover in them, and accordingly acq
Panta'leon 6. A king of Bactria, or rather perhaps of the Indo-Caucasian provinces south of the Paropamisus, known only from his coins. From these it appears probable that he was the successor of Agathocles, and his reign is referred by Professor Wilson to about B. C. 120 (Ariana, p. 300); but Lassen would assign it to a much earlier period. (Lassen, Zur Gesch. d. Griechischen K├Ânigen v. Baktrien, pp. 192, 263.) The coins of these two kings, Agathocles and Pantaleon, are remarkable as bearing inscriptions both in the Greek and in Sanscrit characters. [E.H.B
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