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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 18 18 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 2 2 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 2 2 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Orations, Three orations on the Agrarian law, the four against Catiline, the orations for Rabirius, Murena, Sylla, Archias, Flaccus, Scaurus, etc. (ed. C. D. Yonge) 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 123 BC or search for 123 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Anti'pater, L. Coelius a Roman jurist and historian. Works History, Law and Oratory Pomponius (Dig. 1. tit. 2. s. 2.40) considers him more an orator than a jurist ; Cicero, on the other hand, prizes him more as a jurist than as an orator or historian. (De Or. 2.12; de Legg. 1, 2; Brut. 100.26.) He was a contemporary of C. Gracchus (B. C. 123); L. Crassus, the orator, was his pupil. He was the first who endeavoured to impart to Roman history the ornaments of style, and to make it more than a mere chronicle of events, but his diction was rather vehement and high-sounding than elegant and polished. He is not to be confounded with Coelius Sabinus, the Coelius of the Digest. None of his juridical writings have been preserved. He wrote a history of the second Punic war, and composed Annales, which were epitomized by Brutus. (Cic. Att. 13.8.) The history of the second Punic war was perhaps only a part of the Annales. Antipater followed the Greek history of Silenus Calatinus (Cic. de Di
Baiea'ricus an agnomen of Q. Caecilius Metellus, consul B. C. 123. [METELLUS.]
Caeci'lia 4. Daughter of Q. Caecilius Metellus Balearicus, consul in B. C. 123, was the wife of Ap. Claudius Pulcher, consul in 79, and the mother of Ap. Claudius Pulcher, consul in 54, and of P. Clodius Pulcher, tribune of the plebs in 58. (Cic. de Div. 1.2, 44, pro Rose. Am. 10, 50: in the former of the two latter passages she is erroneously called Nepotis filia instead of Nepotis soror.) Her brother was Q. Metellus Nepos, consul in 98, and we accordingly find his two sons, Metellus Celer and Metellus Nepos, called the fratres (cousins) of her sons Ap. Claudius and P. Clodius. (Cic. Att. 4.3, ad Fam. 5.3, pro Cael. 24.) Cicero relates (de Div. ll. cc.), that in consequence of a dream of Caecilia's in the Marsic war, the temple of Juno Sospita was restored.
Caesar 7. Sex. Julius Caesar, probably son of No. 6, praetor urbanus in B. C. 123. (Cic. pro Dom. 53 ; ad Her. 2.13.)
.) In Livy he is called the leader of the Samnites. The first of his exploits which we have mentioned is the capture of Venafrum, of which he made himself master through treachery, and where he destroyed two cohorts. Not long after, near Teanum, in a defile of Mons Massicus, he fell unexpectedly on the army of the consul L. Caesar, which he put to flight. The Romans fled to Teanum, but lost a great number of men in crossing the Savo, over which there was but a single bridge. In the following year Egnatius was killed in battle with the Romans under the praetors C. Cosconius and Lucceius. (Liv. Epit. lxxv.; Appian, App. BC 1.40, 41, 45.) It has been ingeniously conjectured (by Prosper Merimée, in his Essai sur la Guerre Sociale) that the M. Marius of Sidicinum mentioned by A. Gellius as being suae civitatis nobilissimus homo, and who was treated with such gross indignity by one of the consuls, probably of the year B. C. 123, was either the father or a near relative of Marius Egnatius
Flamini'nus 8. T. Quintius Flamininus was consul in B. C. 123, with Q. Metellus Balearicus. Cicero, who had seen and heard him in his early youth, says that he spoke Latin with elegance, but that he was an illiterate man. In his consulship Carthage became a Roman colony; though Livy and Plutarch place this restoration of Carthage in the year following, that is, in the second tribuneship of C. Gracchus. (Cic. Brut. 28, 74, pro Dom. 53 ; Eutrop. 4.20; Oros. 5.12.) [L.S]
thout exception, opposed his election, but in vain; and all they could effect was that Caius was not elected first, as he had anticipated, but only fourth. Caius, however, as Plutarch remarks, soon made himself first, for he surpassed all his contemporaries in eloquence; and his misfortunes gave him ample scope for speaking freely, when he lamented the death of his brother, to which he recurred as often as an opportunity was offered. He entered on his tribuneship on the 10th of December, B. C. 123. The first steps he took as a legislator may be regarded as an expiatory sacrifice which he offered to the shade of his brother, for they were directed against his enemies and murderers. The first law he proposed was aimed at the ex-tribune Octavius, and enacted that whoever had been deprived by the people of one office should never be allowed to offer himself again as a candidate for another; the second, which was directed against the murderers of his brother and friends, and more especia
d the consuls of B. C. 132 in examining C. Blossius of Cumae and the other partizans of Tib. Gracchus (Cic. de Amic. 11 ; comp. Plut. TG 20), and in B. C. 130, he spoke against the Papirian Rogation, which would have enabled the tribunes of the plebs to be re-elected from year to year (Cic. de Amic. 25; Liv. Epit. 59). But although Laelius was the strenuous opponent of the popular leaders of his age--the tribunes C. Licinius Crassus, B. C. 145, C. Papirius Carbo, B. C. 131, and C. Gracchus B. C. 123-122 --nature had denied him the qualities of a great orator. His speeches read better than those of his contemporary and rival C. Servius Galba, yet Galba was doubtless the more eloquent. (Cic. Brut. 24.) Laelius in his own age was the model, and in history is the representative of the Greek culture which sprang up rapidly at Rome in the seventh century of the city. Serene and philosophical by temperament (Cic. de Off. 1.26; Sen. Ep. 11), erudite and refined by education, Laelius was among
Lici'nia 2. A vestal virgin, and the daughter of C. Licinius Crassus, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 145 [CRASSUS, No. 3]. She dedicated in B. C. 123 a chapel in a public place; but the college of pontiffs declared, when the matter was laid before them by order of the senate, that the dedication was invalid, as it had been made in a public place, without the command of the people: the chapel was therefore removed. (Cic. pro Dom. 53.) The preceding Licinia appears to be the same vestal virgin who was accused of incest, together with two of her companions, in B. C. 114. It appears that a Roman knight of the name of L. Veturius had seduced Aemilia, one of the vestals, and that, anxious to have companions in her guilt, she had induced Marcia and Licinia to submit to the embraces of the friends of her seducer. Marcia confined her favours to her original lover; but Licinia and Aemilia had intercourse with numerous other persons; their guilt notwithstanding remained a secret for some time, ti
Metellus 7. Q. Caecilius Metellus Balearicus, Q. F. Q. N., eldest son of No. 5, was consul B. C. 123 with T. Quinctius Flamininus, and during this year and the following carried on war against the inhabitants of the Balearic islands, who were accused of piracy. He entirely subdued them, and founded several cities in the islands; and in consequence of his victories he obtained a triumph in B. C. 121, and received the surname of Balearicus. He was censor in B. C. 120 with L. Calpurnius Piso. (Plut. de Fort. Rom. 4; Cic. Brut. 74, pro Dom. 53; Liv. Epit. 60; Eutrop. 4.21, who erroneously calls him Lucius; Oros. 5.13; Flor. 3.8; Strab. iii. p.167.)
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