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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 16 16 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 2 2 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 125 BC or search for 125 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Grypus (search)
GRYPUS (*Grupo/s), or Hooknosed, from gru/y, a vulture, and on coins Epiphanes (*)Epifa/nhs), was the second son of Demetrius Nicator and Cleopatra. His eldest brother Seleucus was put to death by their mother Cleopatra, because he wished to have the power, and not merely the title, of king; and Antiochus was after his brother's death recalled from Athens, where he was studying, byhis mother Cleopatra, that he might bear the title of king, while the real sovereignty remained in her hands. (B. C. 125.) At this time the greater part of Syria was in the power of the usurper Alexander Zebina [see p. 127b.]; but Antiochus, with the assistance of Ptolemy Physcon, the king of Egypt, whose daughter he married, conquered Alexander and became master of the whole of Syria. Cleopatra then became jealous of him and plotted against his life; but her son compelled her to drink the poison she had prepared for him. (B. C. 120.) For the next eight years Antiochus reigned in peace; but at the end of tha
re formed with Rhodogune, the Parthian princess, she married Antiochus VII. Sidetes, his brother, and also murdered Demetrius on his return (Appian, App. Syr. 68; Liv. Ep. 60), though Justin and Josephus (J. AJ 13.9.3) represent her as only refusing to receive him. She also murdered Seleucus, her son by Nicator, who on his father's death assumed the government without her consent. (Appian, App. Syr. 69; Just. 39.1.) Her other son by Nicator, Antiochus VIII. Grypus, succeeded to the throne (B. C. 125) through her influence; but when she found him unwilling to concede her sufficient power, she attempted to make away with him by offering him a cup of poison on his return from exercise. Having learnt her intention, he begged her to drink first, and on her refusal produced his witness, and then repeated his request as the only way to clear herself. On this she drank and died. (Justin, 39.2.) She had another son, by Sidetes, Antiochus IX., surnamed Cyzicenus from the place of his education.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Deme'trius Nicator (search)
engage in an expedition against Egypt, but was compelled to abandon it by the general disaffection both of his soldiers and subjects. Ptolemy Physcon took advantage of this to set up against him the pretender Alexander Zebina, by whom he was defeated and compelled to fly. His wife Cleopatra, who could not forgive him his marriage with Rhodogune in Parthia, refused to afford him refuge at Ptolemais, and he fled to Tyre, where he was assassinated while endeavouring to make his escape by sea, B. C. 125. (Justin, 39.1; J. AJ 13.9.3, Euseb. Arm. p.168; Clinton, F. H. iii. pp. 333-5.) According to Appian (App. Syr. 68) and Livy (Epit. lx.), he was puttodeath by his wife Cleopatra. He left two sons, Seleucus, who was assassinated by order of Cleopatra, and Antiochus, surnamed Grypus. Demetrius II. bears on his coins, in addition to the title of Nicator, those of Theos Philadelphus. From the dates on them it appears that some must have been struck during his captivity, as well as both befor
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Flaccus, Fu'lvius 7. M. Fulvius Flaccus, M. F. Q. N., a son of No. 6, and a friend of the Gracchi, was consul in B. C. 125, and was sent to the assistance of the Massilians, whose territory was invaded by the Salluvians ; and he was the first that subdued the transalpine Ligurians, over whom he celebrated a triumph. After the death of Tib. Sempronius Gracchus, in B. C. 129, he, Carbo, and C. Sempronius Gracchus had been appointed triumvirs agro dividendo. He was a warm supporter of all that C. Gracchus did, especially of his agrarian law; but he seems to have been wanting in that dignified and quiet, but steady conduct, which characterises the pure and virtuous career of C. Gracchus, who was more injured in public opinion than benefited by his friendship with M. Fulvius Flaccus; for among other charges which were brought against him, it was said that he endeavoured to excite the Italian allies, by bringing forward in his consulship a bill to grant them the Roman franchise. In B. C. 1
and every one believed that he was going to ask for the consulship: but on the day of the consular election, Gracchus conducted his friend C. Fannius into the assembly, and canvassed with his friends for him. Fannius was accordingly elected consul in preference to Opimius, who had likewise offered himself as a candidate. C. Gracchus himself was elected tribune for the next year (B. C. 122) also, although he had not asked for it. M. Fulvius Flaccus, a friend of Caius, who had been consul in B. C. 125, had caused himself to be elected tribune, for the purpose of being able to give his support to one important measure which Caius had in contemplation, viz. that of extending the Roman franchise. The plan was to grant the Roman franchise to all the Latins, and to make the Italian allies step into the relation in which the Latins had stood until then. This measure, though it was the wisest and most salutary that could have been devised, was looked forward to by the senate with the greatest
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
to secure his independence, by sending an embassy to Rome, which was favourably received by the senate, who confirmed the alliance already concluded by them with Simon. (Id. ibid ยง 2.) Demetrius II., who had returned from his captivity in Parthia, and re-established himself on the throne of Syria, after the death of his brother, Antiochus, was preparing to direct his arms against Jndaea, when he was prevented by the breaking out of the civil war, which ended in his own defeat and death, B. C. 125. Hyrcanus afterwards concluded an alliance with the pretender, Alexander Zebina, but does not appear to have afforded him any active assistance: his object was not to take part in the civil wars that distracted the Syrian monarchy, but to take advantage of these to strengthen and extend his own power, for which the ceaseless contests of the Seleucidae among themselves left him free scope. A long interval elapsed, during which he appears to have been content to govern Judaea in peace, and t
d so dreadfully from want of provisions, that they were obliged to raise the siege; and a considerable part of their army was destroyed by the enemy in their retreat. This happened in the proconsulship of Lepidus, B. C. 136; and when the news reached Rome, Lepidus was deprived of his command, and condemned to pay a fine. (Appian, App. Hisp. 80-83, who says that Lepidus was deprived of his consulship, by which we must understand proconsulship; Liv. Epit. 56; Oros. 5.5.) Lepidus was augur in B. C. 125, when he was summoned by the censors, Cn. Servilius Caepio and L. Cassius Longinus, to account for having built a house in too magnificent a style. (Vell. 2.10; V. Max. 8.1,damn. 7.) Lepidus was a man of education and refined taste. Cicero, who had read his speeches, speaks of him as the greatest orator of his age, and says that he was the first who introduced into Latin oratory the smooth and even flow of words and the artificial construction of sentences which distinguished the Greek.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ia. (Cic. de Leg. 3.16, Brut. 25, pro Sext. 48; Ascon. in Corn. p. 78, ed. Orelli.) It is commemorated on many coins of the Cassia gens, a specimen of which is given below. Longinus was consul B. C. 127, with L. Cornelius Cinna, and censor B. C. 125, with Cn. Servilius Caepio. (Cic. Ver. 1.55.) Their censorship was celebrated for its severity, of which an instance is related in the condemnation of M. Lepidus Porcina. [LEPIDUS, No. 10.] Longinus had the character of great severity as a judeOros. 5.15; Liv. Epit. 63; Obsequ. 97; Plut. Quest. Rom. p. 284b.) Ernesti (Clavis Cic.) and Orelli (Onom. Tull.) regard the tribune of B. C. 137, who proposed the tabellaria lex, as the father of the consul of B. C. 127, and of the censor of B. C. 125. It is, however, very improbable that a tribune of the plebs should be the father of a person who was consul ten years afterwards; and their identity is strongly supported by the character which Cicero (Cic. Brut. 25) gives of the tribune, whic
is ambitious projects during the lifetime of Micipsa: and the latter died at an advanced age in B. C. 118, having, on his death-bed, urged on his two sons, Adherbal and Hiempsal, and their adopted brother, the necessity of that harmony and concord which he but too well foresaw there was little chance of their preserving. (Sal. Jug. 5-11; Liv. Epit. lxii.; Oros. 5.15; Florus, 3.2.) Towards the close of the reign of Micipsa, Numidia was visited by a dreadful pestilence. which broke out in B. C. 125, and is said to have carried off not less than 800,000 persons. (Oros. 5.11.) But notwithstanding this great calamity, that kingdom appears to have risen to a very flourishing condition under the mild and equitable rule of Micipsa. Diodorus calls him the most virtuous of all the kings of Africa, and tells us that he sought to attract Greek men of letters and philosophers to his court, and spent the latter part of his life chiefly in the study of philosophy. (Diod. xxxv. Exc. Vales. p. 607.
Numito'rius 3. Numitorius Puillus, of Fregellae, betrayed his native town to the Roman praetor L. Opimius, B. C. 125, when it rose in revolt to obtain the Roman franchise. The town was taken and destroyed by Opimius (Cic. de Invent. 2.34; comp. Cic. de Leg. Agr. 2.33; Liv. Epit. 60; Vell. 2.6). The daughter of this Numitorius married M. Antonius Creticus. [NUMITORIA, No. 2.]
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