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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 19 19 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 3 3 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
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Strabo, Geography, Book 14, chapter 1 (search)
ere assisted by Nicomedes the Bithynian and by the kings of the Cappadocians. Then came five Roman ambassadors, and after that an army under Publius Crassus the consul,131 B.C. and after that Marcus Perpernas, who brought the war to an end, having captured Aristonicus alive and sent him to Rome. Now Aristonicus ended his life in prison; Perpernas died of disease; and Crassus, attacked by certain people in the neighborhood of Leucae, fell in battle. And Manius Aquillius came over as consul129 B.C. with ten lieutenants and organized the province into the form of government that still now endures. After Leucae one comes to Phocaea, on a gulf, concerning which I have already spoken in my account of Massalia. Then to the boundaries of the Ionians and the Aeolians; but I have already spoken of these. In the interior above the Ionian seaboard there remain to be described the places in the neighborhood of the road that leads from Ephesus to Antiocheia and the Maeander River. These p
Appian, Illyrian Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER II (search)
cted an army of 10,000 foot and 600 horse to be despatched against them. Y.R. 619 When the Illyrians learned this, as they were not yet prepared B.C. 135 for fighting, they sent ambassadors to crave pardon. The Senate ordered them to make reparation to those whom they had wronged. As they were slow in obeying, Fulvius Flaccus marched against them. This war resulted in an excursion only, for I cannot find any definite end to it. Y.R. 625 Sempronius Tuditanus and Tiberius Pandusa waged war B.C. 129 with the Iapydes, who live among the Alps, and seem to Y.R. 635 have subjugated them, as Lucius Cotta and Metellus seem B.C. 119 to have subjugated the Segestani; but both tribes revolted not long afterward. Y.R. 598 The Dalmatians, another Illyrian tribe, made an B.C. 156 attack on the Illyrian subjects of Rome, and when ambassadors were sent to them to remonstrate they were not received. The Romans accordingly sent an army against them, with Marcius Figulus as consul and comman
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White), THE CIVIL WARS, CHAPTER III (search)
vate the parts immediately adjoining their own, till the line of demarkation B.C. 132 between them had faded from view. The progress of time also made many changes. Thus the injustice done by the rich, although great, was not easy of ascertainment. So there was nothing but a general turn-about, all parties being moved out of their own places and settled down in other people's. Y.R. 625 The Italian allies who complained of these disturbances, B.C. 129 and especially of the lawsuits hastily brought against them, chose Cornelius Scipio, the destroyer of Carthage, to defend them against these grievances. As he had availed himself of their very valiant services in war he was reluctant to disregard their request. So he came into the Senate, and although, out of regard for the plebeians, he did not openly find fault with the law of Gracchus, he expatiated on its difficulties and held that these causes ought
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK III. AN ACCOUNT OF COUNTRIES, NATIONS, SEAS, TOWNS, HAVENS, MOUNTAINS, RIVERS, DISTANCES, AND PEOPLES WHO NOW EXIST OR FORMERLY EXISTED., CHAP. 23. (19.)—ISTRIA, ITS PEOPLE AND LOCALITY. (search)
ile others make the compass of Liburnia to be 180 miles." It depends on the punctuation and the force of "item," and the question whether the passage is not in a corrupt state; and it is not at all clear what his meaning really is.; others again make the circumference of Liburnia 180 miles. Some persons too extend Iapydia, at the back of Istria, as far as the Flanatic Gulf, a distance of 130 miles, thus making Liburnia but 150 miles. TuditanusHe alludes to C. Sempronius Tuditanus, Consul B.C. 129. He gained his victory over the lapydes chiefly through the skill of his legatus, D. Junius Brutus. He was a distinguished orator and historian. He was the maternal grandfather of the orator Hortensius., who subdued the Istri, had this inscription on his statue which was erected there: "From Aquileia to the river Titus is a distance of 1000 stadia." The towns of Istria with the rights of Roman citizens are ÆgidaThis place is only mentioned by Pliny, but from an inscription found, it appears t
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK VII. We here enter upon the third division of Pliny's Natural History, which treats of Zoology, from the 7th to the 11th inclusive. Cuvier has illustrated this part by many valuable notes, which originally appeared in Lemaire's Bibliotheque Classique, 1827, and were afterwards incorporated, with some additions, by Ajasson, in his translation of Pliny, published in 1829; Ajasson is the editor of this portion of Pliny's Natural History, in Lemaire's Edition.—B. MAN, HIS BIRTH, HIS ORGANIZATION, AND THE INVENTION OF THE ARTS., CHAP. 31. (30.)—MEN WHO HAVE BEEN REMARKABLE FOR WISDOM. (search)
he first oration was in commendation of the virtue, and on the ensuing day the next was delivered, by which all the arguments of the first were answered, and justice shown to be not a virtue, but only a matter of compact for the maintenance of civil society. The honesty of Cato was greatly shocked at this, and he moved the senate to send the philosopher back to his school, and save the Roman youth from his demoralizing doctrines. He lived twenty-eight years after this, and died at Athens B.C. 129, aged eighty-five, or, according to Cicero, ninety. who was one of the embassy sent from Athens, of three men famous for their learning, gave it as his opinion, that the ambassadors ought to be dismissed as soon as possible, because, in consequence of his ingenious method of arguing, it became extremely difficult to distinguish truth from falsehood.This is related by Plutarch, in his Life of Cato. His general dislike of the Grecian character is again mentioned, B. xxix. c. 7.—B. What an ex
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK XII. THE NATURAL HISTORY OF TREES, CHAP. 63.—CINNAMON OR COMACUM. (search)
r on Materia Medica. He is also mentioned by Epiphanius and Galen; but Dioscorides charges him with numerous blunders in his accounts of vegetable productions. who wrote a Greek treatise on Medicine, Cassius Hemina,A compiler of Roman history, who wrote at the beginning of the second century before Christ. He wrote Annals of Rome from the earliest to his own times: only a few fragments of his work have survived. L. Piso,See end of B. ii. Tuditanus,C. Sempronius Tuditanus, consul of Rome, B.C. 129. He wrote a book of historical Commentaries. He was maternal grandfather of the orator Hortensius. Antias.See end of B. ii. FOREIGN AUTHORS QUOTED.—Theophrastus,See end of B. iii. Herodotus,See end of B. ii. Cal- listhenes,A native of Olynthus. His mother, Hero, was a cousin of the philosopher Aristotle, under whose tutelage he was educated. It is generally supposed that he was put to death by order of Alexander the Great, but in what manner is a matter of uncertainty. He wrote a History
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, COLUMNA MINUCIA (search)
COLUMNA MINUCIA erected in honour of L. Minucius Augurinus, praefectus annonae in 439 B.C., by order of the people and paid for by popular subscription-the first occurrence of the kind in Rome (Plin. NH xxxiv. 21). This column stood outside the porta Trigemina, and is represented on denarii of 129 and 14 B.C. (Babelon, Minucia, 3, 9, 10) BM. Rep. i. 135. 952-4; 148. 1005-6. as surmounted with a statue holding stalks of wheat, and with two other statues standing at its base, one of which seems to represent Minucius. It is probable, therefore, that this is the same monument referred to elsewhere in Pliny (NH xviii. 15), where the same story is told, but a statue, not a column, is mentioned. The bos aurata, which Livy (iv. 16) says was erected in honour of Minucius outside the porta Trigemina, was probably part of the same monument (cf. PORTA MINUCIA).
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter XXIII: ad Quintum fratrem 3.5 (search)
Letter XXIII: ad Quintum fratrem 3.5 Tusculum, Oct., 54 B.C. de illis libris : the books of the de Re Publica. novendialibus iis feriis: cf. Cic. de Re Pub. 1.14 nam cam P. Africanus hic, Pauli filius, fenis Lotinis Taditano et Aquillo cos. constituisset in hortis esse. Tuditano et Aquilio consulibus: i.e. 129 B.C. sermo est, etc.: cf. Att. 4.16.2 (written in July of this year) in novem libros: the finished work actually contained but six books (cf. de Div. 2.3). About one-third of it is extant. hominum: i.e. Africanus, Laelius, and the others. Sallustio: probably the man to whom Fam. 2.17 is addressed, and who relates Cicero's dream in de Div. 1.59. consularis: and therefore a man of much experience in managing the affairs of a great commonwealth, and not a mere publicist like Heraclides. de ratione dicendi: the de Oratore, which purports to be a discussion that took place in Cicero's youth (B.C. 91 ). inferiores, more recent. loquar ipse tecum: this purpose Cicero abandoned, r
Aqui'llius 1. M'. Aquillius, M'. F. M'. N. Consul B. C. 129, put an end to the war which had been carried on against Aristonicus, the son of Eumenes of Pergamus, and which had been almost terminated by his predecessor, Perperna. On his return to Rome, he was accused by P. Lentulus of maladministration in his province, but was acquitted by bribing the judges. (Flor. 2.20; Just. 36.4; Vell. 2.4; Cic. de Nat. Deor. 2.5, Div. in Caecil. 21; Appian, App. BC 1.22.) He obtained a triumph on account of his successes in Asia, but not till B. C. 126. (Fast. Capitol.
ast there seemed no doubt of his ultimate success. In B. C. 131, the consul P. Licinius Crassus, who received Asia as his province, marched against him; but he was more intent upon making booty than on combating his enemy, and in an ill-organized battle which was fought about the end of the year, his army was defeated, and he himself made prisoner by Aristonicus. In the year following, B. C. 130, the consul M. Perperna, who succeeded Crassus, acted with more energy, and in the very first engagement conquered Aristonicus and took him prisoner. After the death of Perperna, M. Aquillius completed the conquest of the kingdom of Pergamus, B. C. 129. Aristcnuicus was carried to Rome to adorn the triumph of Aquillius, and was then beheaded. (Justin, 36.4; Liv. Epit. 59; Vell. 2.4; Flor. 2.20; Oros. 5.10; Sail. Hist. 4; Appian, App. Mith. 12, 62, de Bell. Civ. 1.17; V. Max. 3.4.5; Diod. Fragm. lib. 34, p. 598; Cic. de Leg. Agr. 2.33, Philip.11.8; Ascon. ad Cic. pro Scaur. p. 24, ed. Orelli.)
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