On the other hand, we are told that in 304 B.C. Cn. Flavius erected a
small bronze shrine (aedicula) to CONCORDIA (q.v.) on the Graecostasis quae
tunc supra Comitium erat (Plin. NH xxxiii. 19), and this 'aedes ' is also
spoken of as 'in area Volcani ' (Liv. ix. 46)-a statement that may mean
that the Graecostasis had been moved or had ceased to exist at all in
Pliny's day. About 30 B.C. sacrifices were offered to Luna 'in Graecostasi' (Fast. Pinc., CIL i². p. 219), and for the years 137, 130, 124 B.C., it is
recorded that it rained blood or milk on the Graecostasis (Obseq. de prod.
24, 28, 31). The Graecostasis was therefore an open platform between
the comitium and the forum, on the site afterwards occupied by the
arch of Severus, and eastwards. Cf. JRS 1922, II, 25, where Van Deman
places it under and north of the rostra of Augustus. Hiilsen (HC. pl. v.)
places it conjecturally to the west of the Lapis Niger (TF 64), but the
pavement here is probably the pavement of the Sullan
a, 2 metres
high, in the centre of which is a favissa (LR 518-520) which belongs to
the period of the republic, One column is missing. For a plan and section of the foundations, see De Angelis,
Relazione 1899-1902, 106, 107; and for the view that the podium is of an earlier date
than the rest, see also Mitt. 1892, 108; 1893, 293. For the entasis, see Mem. Am. Acad.
iv. 122, 142.
although the marble covering and the whole
superstructure date from the early empire. So Jahrb. d. Inst. 1921, 68; Ath. Mitt. 1914, 25.
The entablature is missing,
and the roof is modern. On the whole this identification is more probable
than any other that has been suggested, Delbruck (Hellenistische Bauten, ii. 43) identifies it with the temple of Hercules
erected about 130 B.C. by Aemilius Paullus (p. 257). Cf. also SOL ET LUNA, AEDES.
but far from certain (Jord. i. 2.
485; Altm. 22-30, 33-36; ZA 248-251 (whose attribution to the period
of Severus is doubtful). See D'Esp. Fr. i. 40-43; DuP 72; TF 136).3