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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 9 9 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 134 BC or search for 134 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Flaccus, Fu'lvius 12. C. Fulvius Flaccus was consul in B. C. 134. An unsuccessful war had then been carried on for some time against the revolted slaves under Ennus in Sicily; and he and his colleague undertook the command, though apparently with little success. (Liv. Epit. 56; Oros. 5.6.) [L.S]
Hypsaeus 3. L. Plautius Hypsaeus, a son probably of the preceding, was praetor in Sicily during the Servile War, B. C. 134-132, and routed by the insurgent slaves. ( Flor. 3.19.7.)
e adopted his nephew, and caused him to be brought up with his own sons, Hiempsal and Adherbal. Jugurtha quickly distinguished himself both by his abilities and his skill in all bodily exercises, and rose to so much favour and popularity with the Numidians, that he began to excite the jealousy of Micipsa, who became apprehensive lest he should eventually supplant his two sons. In order to remove him to a distance, and not without a hope that he might perish in the war, Micipsa sent him, in B. C. 134, with an auxiliary force, to assist Scipio against Numantia: but this only proved to the young man a fresh occasion of distinction: by his zeal, courage, and ability, he gained the favour not only of his commander, but of all the leading nobles in the Roman camp, by many of whom he was secretly stimulated to nourish ambitious schemes for acquiring the sole sovereignty of Numidia; and notwithstanding the contrary advice of Scipio, these counsels seem to have sunk deep into the mind of Jugur
Lentulus 14. Cornelius Lentulus was praetor in Sicily, and was defeated in the Servile war about B. C. 134. (Florus, 3.19, 7.)
nmitigated contempt for the corruption of his contemporaries. The character of Marius needed, above that of most men, the humanizing influences of literature and art, and there is much truth in the remark of Plutarch (Plut. Mar. 2), " that if Marius could have been persuaded to sacrifice to the Grecian muses and graces, he would never have terminated a most illustrious career in an old age of cruelty and ferocity." Marius first served in Spain, and was present at the siege of Numantia in B. C. 134. Here lie distinguished himself so much by his courage and his readiness to submit to the severer discipline which Scipio Africanus introduced into the army, that he attracted the notice of this great general, and received from him many marks of honour. Scipio, indeed, even admitted him to his table; and on a certain occasion, when one of the guests asked Scipio where the Roman people would find such another general after his death, he is related to have laid his hand on the shoulder of Ma
notes in Drakenborch's edition.) Since the conquest of the Celtiberians, in B. C. 179, by Gracchus, the father of the celebrated tribunes, this warlike nation had given tne Romans no trouble, which, however, was more owing to the wise regulations of Gracchus, after his victories, than to the victories themselves. But in consequence of the Romans suspecting the Celtiberian town of Segida or Segeda, they embarked in a war against the whole nation, which was not brought to a conclusion till B. C. 134, by the capture of Numantia by Scipio. Fulvius was sent into Spain in his consulship with an army of nearly 30,000 men, but was very unsuccessful. he was first defeated by the enemy under the command of a native of Segida, called Carus, with aloss of 6000 men, on the day of the Vulcanalia, or the 23d of August; and the misfortune was looked upon as so severe, that no Roman general would afterwards fight on that day unless compelled. Fulvius retrieved, however, to some extent, the disaster,
enial office of a grinder at a mill for the sake of obtaining a livelihood. On the contrary, it is much more probable that the comedies which he composed in the mill, were the first that he ever wrote, and that the reputation and money which he acquired by them enablled him to abandon his menial mode of life. The age of Plautus has been a subject of no small controversy. Cicero says (Brut. 15) that he died in the consulship of P. Claudius and L. Porcins, when Cato was censor, that is, in B. C. 134 ; and there is no reason to doubt this express statement. It is true that Hieronymus, in the Chronicon of Eusebius, places his death in the 145th Olympiad, fourteen years earlier (B. C. 200); but the dates of Hieronymus are frequently erroneous, and this one in particular deserves all the less credit, inscription, since we know that the Pseudolus was not represeated till B. C. 191, and the Bacchides somewhat later, according to the probable supposition of Ritschl. But though the date of Pl
hus we learn from Pliny (H. N. v. l), that Scipio, during the third Punic war, placed a fleet at the disposal of his friend, in order that he might explore the African coast. At a later period of his life he visited Egypt likewise; and this journey must have been taken after the fall of Corinth, since he was in that country in the reign of Ptolemy Physeon, who did not ascend the throne till B. C. 146 (Strab. xvii. p.797). It has been conjectured that Polybius accompanied Scipio to Spain in B. C. 134, and was present at the fall of Numantia in the following year, since Cicero states (ad Fam. 5.12) that Polybius wrote a history of the Numantine war. The year of his death is uncertain. We have only the testimony of Lucian (Macrob. 23), that he died at the age of 82, in consequence of a fall from his horse, as he was returning from the country. If we are correct in placing his birth in B. C. 204, his death would fall in B. C. 122 The history of Polybms consisted of forty books. It began
ttend to the Roman interests in those countries (Cic. de Rep. 6.11). To show his contempt of the pomp and luxury in which his contemporaries indulged, he took with him only five slaves on this mission. (Athen. 6.273.) The long continuance of the war in Spain, and the repeated disasters which the Roman arms experienced in that country, again called Scipio to the consulship. He was appointed consul in is absence, along with C. Fulvius Flaccus, and had the province of Spain assigned to him, B. C. 134. His first efforts were directed to the restoration of discipline in the army, which had become almost disorganised by sensual indulgences. After bringing the troops into an efficient condition by his severe and energetic measures, he laid siege to Numantia, which wa s defended by its inhabitants with the same courage and perseverance which has pre-eminently distinguished the Spaniards in all ages in defence of their walled towns. It was not till they had suffered the most dreadful extrem