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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 19 19 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 2 2 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Orations, Three orations on the Agrarian law, the four against Catiline, the orations for Rabirius, Murena, Sylla, Archias, Flaccus, Scaurus, etc. (ed. C. D. Yonge) 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 137 BC or search for 137 BC in all documents.

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of Quadrigarius, Sisenna, and Rutilius (Vell. 2.9), and lived in the former half of the first century before Christ. Krause, without mentioning his authority, states that Antias was praetor in A. U. C. 676. (B. C. 68.) He wrote the history of Rome from the earliest period, relating the stories of Amulius, Rhea Silvia and the like, down to the time of Sulla. The latter period must have been treated at much greater length than the earlier, since he spoke of the quaestorship of Ti. Gracchus (B. C. 137) as early as in the twelfth book (or according to some readings in the twenty-second), and the work extended to seventy-five books at least. (Gel. 7.9.) Valerius Antias is frequently referred to by Livy, who speaks of him as the most lying of all the annalists, and seldom mentions his name without terms of reproach. (Comp. 3.5, 26.49, 36.38.) Gellius (6.8, 7.19) too mentions cases in which the statements of Antias are opposed to those of all other writers, and there can be little doubt t
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Sidetes (search)
Anti'ochus Vii. or Anti'ochus Sidetes (*)Anti/oxos), king of SYRIA, surnamed SIDETES (*Sidh/ths), from Side in Pamphylia, where he was brought up, (and not from a Syriac word signifying a hunter,) and on coins Euergetes (*Eu)erge/ths), was the younger son of Demetrius Soter, and obtained possession of the throne in B. C. 137, after conquering Tryphon, who had held the sovereignty since the murder of Antiochus VI. He married Cleopatra, the wife of his elder brother Demetrius Nicator, who was a prisoner in the hand of the Parthians. He carried on war against the Jews, and took Jerusalem after almost a year's siege, in B. C. 133. He then granted them a peace on favourable terms, and next directed his arms against the Parthians. At first he met with success, but was afterwards defeated by the Parthian king, and lost his life in the battle, after a reign of nine years. (B. C. 128.) His son Seleucus was taken prisoner in the same battle. Antiochus, like many of his predecessors, was passio
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Briso, M. A'ntius tribune of the plebs, B. C. 137. opposed the tabellaria lex of his colleague L. Cassius Longinus, but was induced by Scipio Africanus the Younger to withdraw his opposition. (Cic. Brut. 25.)
ld probably have said ex eo Senatus-consulto, quod fuctum est. It is uncertain who Decimus Drusus was, and when he was consul. The brothers Kriegel, in the Leipzig edition of the Corpus Juris, erroneously refer his consulship to A. U. C. 745 (B. C. 9), when Nero Claudius Drusus (the brother of the emperor Tiberius) and Crispinus were consuls. Pighius (Annal. ad A. U. C. 677) proposes the unauthorized reading D. Bruto et Aemilio for D. Druso et Porcina, and in this conjecture is followed by Bach. (Hist. Jur. Rom. p. 208, ed. 6ta.) Ant. Augustinus (de Nom. Prop. Pandect. in Otto's Thesaurus, i. p. 258) thinks the consulship must have occurred in the time of the emperors, but it is certain that provinces were assigned to quaestors, ex S. C., during the republic. The most probable opinion is that of Zepernick (Ad Siccamam de Judicio Centumvirali, p. 100, n.), who holds that D. Drusus was consul suffectus with Lepidus Porcina in B. C. 137, after the forced abdication of Hostilius Marcinus.
tarch is right, that Tib. Gracchus was not thirty years old at his death, in B. C. 133, he must have been born in B. C. 164 ; but we know that he was quaestor in B. C. 137, an office which by law he could not hold till he had completed his thirty-first year, whence it would follow that he was born about five years earlier, and thatin courage and attention to discipline, was the first among the Romans who scaled the walls of Carthage. About ten years after his return from this expedition, B. C. 137, Tiberius was appointed quaestor, and in this capacity he accompanied the consul, C. Hostilius Mancinus, to his province of Hispania Citerior, where in a short tited much more by its distress than by the demonstrations of its favour. His brother Caius related in some of his works, that Tiberius, on his march to Spain, in B. C. 137, as he was passing through Etruria, observed with grief and indignation the deserted state of that fertile country ; thousands of foreign slaves in chains were e
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Hyrca'nus, Joannes (*(Urkano/s), prince and high-priest of the Jews, was the son and successor of Simon Maccabaeus, the restorer of the independence of Judaea. In B. C. 137, Antiochus VII. having established himself on the throne of Syria after the defeat and death of Tryphon, determined to effect the reduction of Judaea to its former condition of a tributary province of the Syrian monarchy, and sent a force, under his general, Cendebeus, to invade the country. Simon, being now a man of advanced years, confided the command of the force which he opposed to them, to his two sons, Judas and Joannes Hyrcanus: they were completely successful, defeated Cendebeus, and drove him out of Judaea. But Simon did not long enjoy the fruits of this victory, being treacherously seized and assassinated by his son-in-law, Ptolemy, the governor of Jericho, B. C. 135. Two of his sons, Judas and Mattathias, perished with him, but Hyrcanus escaped the snares of the assassin, and assumed the dignity of high
iv. Epit. 48), we may conclude that he belonged to that party of the Roman nobles who set their faces against the refined but extravagant habits which the Scipios and their friends were introducing into the state. Lepidus the triumvir is called by Cicero (Cic. Phil. 13.7) the pronepos of this Lepidus; but he would seem more probably to have been his abnepos, or great-great-grandson. This Lepidus left several sons; but we can hardly suppose that either the M. Lepidus Porcina, who was consul B. C. 137, or the M. Lepidus who was consul B. C. 126, were his sons, more especially as Livy mentions one of his sons, M. Lepidus (37.43), as tribune of the soldiers in B. C. 190: the other two we may therefore look upon as his grandsons. (Plb. 16.34; Liv. 31.2, 18, 32.7, 35.10, 24, 36.2, 38.42, 39.2, 56; Plb. 23.1; V. Max. 6.3.3; Liv. 40.42, 45, 46; V. Max. 4.2.1; Cic. de Prov. Cons. 9; Liv. Epit. 48, comp. 40.51, 41.27, 43.15, Epit. 46, 47; Plb. 32.22.) The following coin of Lepidus refers to h
Le'pidus 10. M. Aemilius Lepidus Porcina, M. F. M. N., son probably of No. 9, and grandson of No. 7, was consul B. C. 137. He was sent into Spain in his consulship to succeed his colleague C. Hostilius Mancinus, who had been defeated by the Numantines [MANCINUS]; and while he was waiting for reinforcements from home, as he was not yet in a condition to attack the Numantines, he resolved to make war upon the Vaccaei, under the pretence of their having assisted the Numantines. This he did merelyver, very deficient in a knowledge of law and Roman institutions. (Cic. Brut. 25, 86, 97, de Orat. 1.10. Tuscul. 1.3; Auctor, ad Herenn. 4.5.) In politics Lepidus seems to have belonged to the aristocratical party. He opposed in his consulship (B. C. 137) the law for introducing the ballot (lex tabillaria) proposed by L. Cassius Longinus (Cic. Brut. 25); and it appears from a fragment of Priscian (vol. i. p. 456), that Lepidus spoke in favour of a repeal of the lex Aemilia, which was probably t
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Longi'nus, Ca'ssius 4. L. Cassius Longinus Raviila, Q. F. L. N., second son of No. 2, received his agnomen of Ravilla from his ravi oculi. (Festus, s. v. Ravi.) He was tribune of the plebs, B. C. 137, and proposed the second law for voting by ballot (tabellaria lex), the first having been brought forward by Gabinius two years before, B. C. 139. The law of Cassius introduced the ballot in the "Judicium Populi," by which we must understand criminal cases tried in the comitia by the whole body ofpinion. [LICINIA, No. 2.1 (Cic. pro S. Rosc. 30; Ascon. in Milon. 12, p. 46, ed. Orelli; Dion Cas. Fr. 92; Oros. 5.15; Liv. Epit. 63; Obsequ. 97; Plut. Quest. Rom. p. 284b.) Ernesti (Clavis Cic.) and Orelli (Onom. Tull.) regard the tribune of B. C. 137, who proposed the tabellaria lex, as the father of the consul of B. C. 127, and of the censor of B. C. 125. It is, however, very improbable that a tribune of the plebs should be the father of a person who was consul ten years afterwards; and th
mediately declared for Demetrius, and was confirmed by the latter in the high-priesthood. He was the most fortunate of the heroic sons of Mattathias. IIe renewed the alliance with the Romans, fortified many towns, and expelled eventually the Syrian garrison from the fortress in Jerusalem. Under his fostering care the country began to recover from the ravages of the long protracted wars, and gradually increased in wealth and prosperity. Still he was not destined to end his days in peace. In B. C. 137, Antiochus VII., who had succeeded his brother Demetrius Nicator, unwilling to lose Judaea, which had now become an independent state, sent an army, under his general Cenbedeus, to invade the country. The aged Simon entrusted the conduct of the war to his sons Judas and Joannes Hyrcanus, who conquered Cenbedeus, and drove him out of the country. But Simon did not long enjoy the fruits of his victory. His son-in-law Ptolemy, the governor of Jericho, instigated by Antiocius, formed a plot to
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