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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 8 8 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 3 3 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 140 BC or search for 140 BC in all documents.

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Apollodo'rus 17. A Greek GRAMMARIAN of Athens, was a son of Asclepiades, and a pupil of the grammarian Aristarchus, of Panaetius, and Diogenes the Babylonian. He flourished about the year B. C. 140, a few years after the fall of Corinth. Further particulars are not mentioned about him. We know that one of his historical works (the xronika/) came down to the year B. C. 143, and that it was dedicated to Attalus II., surnamed Philadelphus, who died in B. C. 138; but how long Apollodorus lived after the year B. C. 143 is unknown. Works Apollodorus wrote a great number of works, and on a variety of subjects, which were much used in antiquity, but all of them have perished with the exception of one, and even this one has not come down to us complete. *Biblioqh/khThis work is not now thought to be by Apollodorus and we label the author Pseudo-Apollodorus -- GRC 5/16/2008. This work bears the title *Biblioqh/kh; it consists of three books, and is by far the best among the extant works
Cae'pio 6. CN. SERVILIUS CN. F. CN. N. CAEPIO, son of No. 3, consul B. C. 140 with C. Laelius (Cic. Brut. 43; Obsequ. 82), succeeded his brother, Q. Fabius Maximus Servilianus, in the conduct of the war against Viriathus in Lusitania His brother had made a treaty of peace with Viriathus, which had been confirmed by the senate; but Caepio, by representing that the treaty was unfavourable to the interests of Rome, persuaded the senate to allow him at first to injure Viriathus, as far as he could, secretly, and finally to declare open war against him. Hereupon, Viriathus sent two of his most faithful friends to Caepio to offer terms of peace; but the consul persuaded them, by promises and great rewards, to assassinate their master. Accordingly, on their return to their own party, they murdered Viriathus while he was asleep in his tent, and afterwards fled to Caepio. But this murder did not put an immediate stop to the war. After burying the corpse of Viriathus with great magnificence, h
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Castor or Castor Saoconidarius (search)
as the Castor mentioned by Strabo (xii. p.568; comp. Caes. Civ. 3.4) who was surnamed Saoconidarius, was a son-in-law of Deiotarus, and was put to death by him. But it is, to say the least, extremely doubtful whether the rhetorician had any connexion with the family of Deiotarus at all. The Castor who brought Deiotarus into peril is expressly called a grandson of that king, and was yet a young man at the time (B. C. 44) when Cicero spoke for Deiotarus. (Cic. pro Deiot. 1, 10.) Now we have seen above that one of the works of Castor is referred to in the Bibliotheca of Apollodorus, who died somewhere about B. C. 140. The conclusion, therefore, must be, that the rhetorician Castor must have lived at or before the time of Apollodorus, at the latest, about B. C. 150, and can have had no connexion with the Deiotarus for whom Cicero spoke. (Compare Vossius, De Hist. Graec. p. 202, ed. Westermann; Orelli, Onomast. Tull. ii. p. 138, in both of which there is much confusion about Castor.) [L.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Crassus, Clau'dius 23. L. Licinius Crassus, L. F., the orator. His pedigree is unknown. He was born B. C. 140, was educated by his father with the greatest care, and received instruction from the celebrated historian and jurist, L. Caelius Antipater. (Cic. Brut. 26.) At a very early age he began to display his oratorical ability. At the age of twenty-one (or, according to Tacitus, Dial. de Orat. 100.34, two years earlier) he accused C. Carbo, a man of high nobility and eloquence, who was hated by the aristocratic party to which Crassus belonged. Val. Maximus (6.5.6) gives an instance of his honourable conduct in this case. When the slave of Carbo brought to Crassus a desk filled with his master's papers, Crassus sent back the desk to Carbo with the seal unbroken, together with his slave in chains. Carbo escaped condemnation by poisoning himself with cantharides (Cic. Fam. 9.21, Brut. 27) ; and Crassus, pitying his fate, felt some remorse at the eagerness and success of his accusation
Lentulus 30. L. Cornelius Serv. F. SERV. N. LENTULUS, son of No. 28, praetor in B. C. 140 (Frontin. de Aquaed. 7).
Lysi'machus 5. Of Alexandria, a distinguished grammarian, frequently cited by the scholiasts and other writers. Respecting the time of Lysimachus the Alexandrian, we only know that he was younger than Mnaseas, who flourished about B. C. 140. Works *No/stoi and sunagwgh\ *Qhbai+kw=n parado/cwn The scholiasts and other writers mention his *No/stoi and his sunagwgh\ *Qhbai+kw=n parado/cwn. (Ath. iv. p. 158c. d.; Schol. ad. Apoll. Rhod. 1.558, 3.1179, ad Soph. Oed. Col. 91, ad Eurip. Andr. 880, Hec. 892, Phoen. 26, Hipp. 545, ad Pind. Pyth. 5.108, Isth. 4.104, ad Lycoph. 874; Apost. Prov. 17.25; Plut. de Fluv. 18; Hesych. s. n. *Sku=ros.) *Ai)guptiaka He is perhaps also the author of the *Ai)guptiaka cited by Josephus (c. Ap. 1.34, 2.2, 14, 33), and perhaps may even be identified with Lysimachus of Cyrene, who wrote peri\ poih*tw=n. (Paroleg. ad Hes. Opp. p. 30; Tzetz. Chil. 6.920.) peri\ th=s *)Efo/rou kloph=s A writer of the same name is mentioned by Porphyry as the author
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Sila'nus, Ju'nius 3. D. Junius Silanus Manlianus, a son of the jurist T. Manlius Torquatus, consul B. C. 165, but adopted by a D. Junius Silanus. He was praetor B. C. 142, and obtained Macedonia as his province, where he was guilty of so many acts of robbery and oppression, that the inhabitants accused him before the senate on his return to Rome in B. C. 140. The senate referred the investigation of the charges to his own father Torquatus at the request of the latter. Torqnatus condemned his son, and banished him from his presence; and when Silanus hanged himself in grief, his father would not attend his funeral. (Cic. de Fin. 1.7; Liv. Epit. 54 ; V. Max. 5.8.3.)
Romans to depart uninjured, on condition of their permitting the Lusitanians to retain undisturbed possession of their own territory, and of their recognising him as a friend and ally of the Roman people. Servilianus concluded a treaty with Viriathus on these terms, and it was ratified by the Roman people. Thus the war with Viriathus appeared to have been brought to a conclusion; but the consul Q. Servilius Caepio, who succeeded his brother Servilianus in the command of Further Spain in B. C. 140, was greatly disappointed at the unexpected termination of the war. He had looked forward to the war in Spain as an opportunity for gaining both wealth and glory; and he therefore used every exertion to induce the senate to break the treaty by representing it as unworthy of the Roman people. The senate, however, had not the effrontery to give their approval to an open violation of the peace. but connived at Caepio's injuring Viriathus as far as he could without any open attack. But after a