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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 13 13 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Appian, Wars in Spain (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER XI (search)
rs who had just returned from those places, he chose young men who had never been engaged in war before, to the number of two legions. He obtained additional forces from the allies and arrived at Orso, a city of Spain, having altogether 15,000 foot and about 2000 horse. As he did not wish to engage the enemy until his forces were well disciplined, he made a voyage through the straits to Gades in order to sacrifice to Hercules. In the meantime Viriathus fell upon his wood-cutters, killed B.C. 145 many, and struck terror into the rest. His lieutenant coming out to fight, Viriathus defeated him also and captured a great booty. When Maximus returned, Viriathus drew out his forces repeatedly and offered battle. But Maximus declined an engagement with the whole army and continued to exercise his men, frequently sending out skirmishing parties, making trial of the enemy's strength, and inspiring his own men with courage. When he sent out foragers he always placed a cordon of legionaries aro
Polybius, Histories, book 39, Polybius Supports the Constitution (search)
Polybius Supports the Constitution After completing these arrangements in six months, B. C. 145. The commissioners return in the spring, leaving instructions with Polybius to explain the new constitutions. the ten commissioners sailed for Italy, at the beginning of spring, having left a noble monument of Roman policy for the contemplation of all Greece. They also charged Polybius, as they were departing, to visit all the cities and to decide all questions that might arise, until such time as they were grown accustomed to their constitution and laws. Which he did: and after a while caused the inhabitants to be contented with the constitution given them by the commissioners, and left no difficulty connected with the laws on any point, private or public, unsettled. [Wherefore the people, who always admired and honouredNote by a friend of Polybius as to the effect of his careful fulfilment of his commission. this man, being in every way satisfied with the conduct of his last years and hi
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK XVI., CHAPTER II. (search)
is close to Gindarus. It is a strong fortress situated on the pass over the Amanus, which leads from the gates of the Amanus into Syria. Below Pagræ lies the plain of Antioch, through which flow the rivers Arceuthus, Orontes, and Labotas.The modern names of the Arceuthus and Labotas are unknown. In this plain is also the trench of Meleagrus, and the river Œnoparas,The Afreen on the banks of which Ptolemy Philometor, after having defeated Alexander Balas, died of his wounds.B. C. 145. Above these places is a hill called Trapezon from its form,A table. and upon it Ventidius engaged PhranicatesCalled Phraates by Pseudo-Appian, in Parthicis, p. 72. the Parthian general. After these places, near the sea, are SeleuceiaSelefkeh. and Pieria, a mountain continuous with the Amanus and Rhosus, situated between Issus and Seleuceia. Seleuceia formerly had the name of Hydatopotami (rivers of water). It is a considerable fortress, and may defy all attacks; wherefore Pompey, havin
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK VII. We here enter upon the third division of Pliny's Natural History, which treats of Zoology, from the 7th to the 11th inclusive. Cuvier has illustrated this part by many valuable notes, which originally appeared in Lemaire's Bibliotheque Classique, 1827, and were afterwards incorporated, with some additions, by Ajasson, in his translation of Pliny, published in 1829; Ajasson is the editor of this portion of Pliny's Natural History, in Lemaire's Edition.—B. MAN, HIS BIRTH, HIS ORGANIZATION, AND THE INVENTION OF THE ARTS., CHAP. 60.—WHEN THE FIRST TIME-PIECES WERE MADE. (search)
o the account of clocks in Beckmann's History of Inventions, vol. i. for so long a period had the Romans remained without any exact division of the day. We will now return to the history of the other animals, and first to that of the terrestrial. SUMMARY.—Remarkable events, narratives, and observations, seven hundred and forty-seven. ROMAN AUTHORS QUOTED.—Verrius Flaccus,See end of B. iii. Cneius Gellius,He was a contemporary of the Gracchi, and was author of a History of Rome, down to B.C. 145 at least; supposed to have been very voluminous and full in its details of the legendary history of the Roman nation. Livy probably borrowed extensively from it. Licinius Mutianus,See end of B. ii. Massurius Sabinius,A hearer of Ateius Capito, and celebrated as a jurist under Tiberius and later emperors. From him a school of legists, called the Sabiniani, took their rise. He wrote some works on the Civil Law. Pliny quotes him, as we have seen, in c. 4, to show the possibility of gestation bei
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK XXXV. AN ACCOUNT OF PAINTINGS AND COLOURS., CHAP. 7. (4.)—ROMAN PAINTERS. (search)
in Asia; but his brother Africanus, it is said, was offended at it, and not without reason, for his son had been taken prisoner in the battle.It was beforethe decisive battle near Mount Sipylus, that the son of Africanus was made prisoner. King Antiochus received him with high respect, loaded him with presents, and sent him to Rome.—B. Lucius Hostilius Mancinus,He was legatus under the consul L. Calpurnius Piso, in the Third Punic War, and commanded the Roman fleet. He was elected Coasul B.C. 145. too, who had been the first to enter Carthage at the final attack, gave a very similar offence to Æmilianus,The younger Scipio Africanus. by exposing in the Forum a painting of that city and the attack upon it, he himself standing near the picture, and describing to the spectators the various details of the siege; a piece of complaisance which secured him the consulship at the ensuing Comitia. The stage, too, which was erected for the games celebrated by Claudius Pulcher,We learn from Valeri
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, COMITIUM (search)
site was conjecturally fixed as early as 1870 (Jord. i. 2. 318, n. 3), but certainty was only reached when the CURIA IULIA (q.v.) was correctly identified. For comitium and curia were connected through all time (Liv. xlv. 24. 12:comitium vestibulum curiae). The comitium was the political centre of ancient Rome until the second century B.C. Macrob. (Sat. iii. 16. 15) refers to the administration of justice as still going on there in 161 B.C., though the tribes usually voted in the forum. In 145 B.C. the tribune C. Licinius Crassus was the first, we are told, to lead the legislative assembly of the people from the comitium to the forum (Cic. Lael. 25, 96; Varro, RR i. 2. 9; cf. Plaut. Curc. 400 ff.), and Plutarch must be wrong in attributing the step to Gaius Gracchus (5). The republican comitium was a templum or inaugurated plot of ground (Cic. Rep. ii. 11 : fecit et saepsit... comitium et curiam) orientated according to the cardinal points of the compass. In the centre of the north s
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FORUM (ROMANUM S. MAGNUM) (search)
of that date on the north-west side of the temple of Saturn, at 13.97 metres above sea-level. This is the period of the erection of permanent structures, called BASILICAE (see B. AEMILIA, PORCIA, SEMPRONIA) behind the two rows of tabernae- large covered halls which provided shelter from sun and rain, in which courts of law sat, and business was transacted. For the aspect of the forum at this time, see HC 12. fig. 4, and cf. Plaut. Curc. iv. I. 15. Another epoch in its history came, when, in 145 B.C., the Comitia Tributa were transferred to the forum by the tribune C. Licinius Crassus, who, for the first time, addressed the people in the forum from the rostra, and turned his back on the comitium. In 121 B.C. the restorer of the temple of Concord, Opimius, built a basilica close to it (see BASILICA OPIMIA). The next level, which is in general 11.80 to 11.90 metres above sea, has been recently assigned to Sulla Cf. Fest. 317: Statae matris simulacrum in foro colebatur: postquam id collast
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, HERCULES VICTOR, AEDES (search)
HERCULES VICTOR, AEDES a temple vowed by Lucius Mummius in 145 B.C., and dedicated in 142 by Mummius when censor, if we may accept the evidence of an inscription found on the Caelian behind the Lateran hospital (CIL i'. 626=vi. 331: L. Mummi(us) L. f. Cos. duct[u] auspicio imperioque eius Achaia capt[a] Corinto deleto Romam redieit triumphans ob hasce res bene gestas quod in bello voverat hanc aedem et signu[m] Herculis Victoris imperator dedicat). Another inscription (CIL vi. 30888) found near SS. Quattro Coronati may refer to this temple which was probably on the Caelian in this vicinity (HJ 227; DE iii. 701 ; RE viii. 578; Rosch. i. 2920).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
na Equestris dedicated, 215. 172Columna rostrata of M. Aemilius Paullus destroyed, 134. 170Basilica Sempronia, 82. 168Porticus Octavia, 426. 167Temple of Penates struck by lightning, 388. 159Porticus built round Area Capitolina, 48. Water clock installed in Basilica Aemilia, 72. 150(ca.). Columna rostrata of Duilius restored, 134. 148Regia burnt and restored, 441. 147Porticus Metelli, 424. 146(after). Temple of Felicitas dedicated, 207. Temples of Juppiter Stator and Juno Regina, 304. 145Temple of Hercules Victor vowed, 256. Assembly moved to Forum, 135, 232. 144-140Q. Marcius Rex repairs Anio Vetus, 13 Aqua Appia, 21 and builds Aqua Marcia, 24. 142Temple of Hercules Victor dedicated, 256. Wooden arches of Pons Aemilius built, 397: and Janiculum fortified, 275. Ceiling of Capitoline Temple gilded, 298. 138Temple of Mars in Circus Flaminius, 328. 125Aqua Tepula built, 27. 12
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Crassus, Clau'dius 3. C. Licinius Crassus, probably a son of No. 2, was tribune of the plebs B. C. 145, and according to Cicero (de Amic. 25) and Varro (de Re Rust. 1.2), was the first who in his orations to the people turned towards the forum, instead of turning towards the comitium and the curia. Plutarch (C. Gracch. 5) attributes the introduction of this mark of independence to C. Gracchus. He introduced a rogation in order to prevent the colleges of priests from filling up vacancies by co-optation, and to transfer the election to the people; but the measure was defeated in consequence of the speech of the then praetor, C. Laelius Sapiens. (Cic. Brut. 21.) (Huschke, Ueber die Stelle des Varro von den Liciniern, Heidelb. 1337.)
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