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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 13 13 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 145 BC or search for 145 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Crassus, Clau'dius 3. C. Licinius Crassus, probably a son of No. 2, was tribune of the plebs B. C. 145, and according to Cicero (de Amic. 25) and Varro (de Re Rust. 1.2), was the first who in his orations to the people turned towards the forum, instead of turning towards the comitium and the curia. Plutarch (C. Gracch. 5) attributes the introduction of this mark of independence to C. Gracchus. He introduced a rogation in order to prevent the colleges of priests from filling up vacancies by co-optation, and to transfer the election to the people; but the measure was defeated in consequence of the speech of the then praetor, C. Laelius Sapiens. (Cic. Brut. 21.) (Huschke, Ueber die Stelle des Varro von den Liciniern, Heidelb. 1337.)
Cn. Ge'llius a contemporary of the Gracchi, was the author of a history of Rome from the earliest epoch, extending, as we gather from Censorinus, down to the year B. C. 145 at least. We know that the Rape of the Sabines was commeemorated in the second book; the reign of Titus Tatius in the third; the death of Postumius during the second Punic war, and the purpose to which his skull was applied by the Boii (Liv. 23.24), in the thirty-third; and we find a quotation in Chorisius from the ninety-seventh, if we can trust the number. Hence it is manifest that a considerable space was devoted to the legends connected with the origin of the nation; and that if these books were in general equal in length to the similar divisions in Livy, the compilation of Gellius must have been exceedingly voluminous, and the details more ample than those contained in the great work of his successor, by whom, as well as by Plutarch, he seems to have been altogether neglected, although occasionally cited by
. Prel. xxiv. and vol. ii. p. 108) found it difficult to avoid inferring that Ptolemy asserted Hipparchus to have also observed at Alexandria, which had been previously asserted, on the same ground, by Weidler and others. But he afterwards remembered that Ptolemy always supposes Rhodes and Alexandria to be in the same longitude, and therefore compares times of observation at the two places without reduction. As to the time at which Hipparchus lived, Suidas places him at from B. C. 160 to B. C. 145, but without naming these epochs as those of his birth and death. Of his life and opinions, independently of the astronomical details in the Syntaxis, we know nothing more than is contained in a passage of Pliny (H.N. 2.26), who states that the attention of Hipparchus * It was a similar circumstance which gave as remarkable an impulse to the astronomical career of Tycho Brahe, whose merits, as far as practical astronomy is concerned, much resemble those of Hipparchus. It is frequently stat
ation, which would have enabled the tribunes of the plebs to be re-elected from year to year (Cic. de Amic. 25; Liv. Epit. 59). But although Laelius was the strenuous opponent of the popular leaders of his age--the tribunes C. Licinius Crassus, B. C. 145, C. Papirius Carbo, B. C. 131, and C. Gracchus B. C. 123-122 --nature had denied him the qualities of a great orator. His speeches read better than those of his contemporary and rival C. Servius Galba, yet Galba was doubtless the more eloquent.of the younger Scipio's orations, preserved by Macrobius (Saturn. 2.10), will afford a notion of the language of Laelius. The titles of the following orations of Laelius have been preserved:-1. De Collegiis, delivered by Laelius when praetor, B. C. 145. It was directed against the rogation of C. Licinius Crassus, then tribune of the plebs, who proposed to transfer the election of the augurs from the college to the people in their tribes. The bill was rejected through Laelius' eloquence. (Cic.
Lici'nia 2. A vestal virgin, and the daughter of C. Licinius Crassus, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 145 [CRASSUS, No. 3]. She dedicated in B. C. 123 a chapel in a public place; but the college of pontiffs declared, when the matter was laid before them by order of the senate, that the dedication was invalid, as it had been made in a public place, without the command of the people: the chapel was therefore removed. (Cic. pro Dom. 53.) The preceding Licinia appears to be the same vestal virgin who was accused of incest, together with two of her companions, in B. C. 114. It appears that a Roman knight of the name of L. Veturius had seduced Aemilia, one of the vestals, and that, anxious to have companions in her guilt, she had induced Marcia and Licinia to submit to the embraces of the friends of her seducer. Marcia confined her favours to her original lover; but Licinia and Aemilia had intercourse with numerous other persons; their guilt notwithstanding remained a secret for some time, ti
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Manci'nus Hosti'lius 2. L. Hostilius Mancinus, probably son of No. 1, was engaged as legate of the consul L. Calpurnius Piso (B. C. 148) in the siege of Carthage, in the third Punic war. He commanded the fleet, while Piso was at the head of the land-forces; and, notwithstanding some repulses which he received, he had the glory of being the first to take part of the town, which was finally conquered by Scipio in B. C. 146. Mancinus on his return to Rome exhibited in the forum paintings, containing views of Carthage and of the different attacks made upon it by the Romans, and was constantly ready to explain to the people all the details of the pictures. He became in consequence such a favourite with the people, that he was elected consul in B. C. 145 with Q. Fabius Maximus Aemilianus. (Appian, App. Pun. 110-114; Liv. Epit. 51; Plin. Nat. 35.4. s. 7; Cic. Lael. 25.)
ater tines, or even than some of his contemporaries. He appropriated secular or private property alone, and religiously abstained from all that had been consecrated to religious uses. Mummius remained in Greece during the greater part of B. C. 146-145, in the latter year with the title of proconsul. He arranged the fiscal and municipal constitution of the newly acquired province, and won the confidence and esteem of the provincials by his integrity, justice, and equanimity. Mummius was one of sulting from the burning of the city. The metallic ornaments of its sumptuous temples, basilicae, and private dwellings, formed the rich and solid amalgam which was employed afterwards in the fusile department of sculpture. Mummius triumphed in B. C. 145. His procession formed an epoch in the history of Roman art and cultivation. Trains of waggons laden with the works of the purest ages moved along the Via Sacra to the Capitoline Hill: yet the spectator of the triumph, who had seen them in thei
Mu'mmius 4. SP. MUMMIUS, brother of the preceding, and his legatus at Corinth in B. C. 146-145, was an intimate friend of the younger Scipio Africanus. In political opinions Spurius was opposed to his brother Lucius, and was a high aristocrat. was one of the opponents of the establishment of rhetorical schools at Rome. Mummius composed ethical and satirical epistles, which were extant in Cicero's age, and were probably in the style which Horace afterwards cultivated so successfully. (Cic. de Rep. 1.12, 3.35, 5.9, de Amic. 19,27, ad Att. 13.5, 6, 30.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Philippus, Ma'rcius 8. Q. MARCIUS PHILIPPUS, proconsul in Asia, in B. C. 54, to whom Cicero sends two recommendatory letters (ad Fam. 13.73, 74). The connection of this Philippus with the other members of the family is not known. One of the coins belonging to the Philippi has been given above. The following one, which was also struck by some member of the family, refers to the two greatest distinctions of the Marcia gens. The obverse represents the head of Ancus Marcius, the fourth king of Rome, from whom the gens claimed descent [MARCIA GENS]; the reverse gives a representation of an aqueduct, with the letters AQVA MR (i. e. Aqua Marcia) between the arches, supporting an equestrian statue. This Aqua Marcia was one of the most important of the Roman aqueducts, and was built by the praetor Q. Marcius Rex in B. C. 145.
queror of Carthage, he was received with marked distinction; and the want of patriotism with which his enemies had charged him, enabled him now to render his country far more effectual service than he could otherwise have done. The statues of Philopoemen and Aratus, which the Roman commissioners had ordered to be conveyed to Italy, were allowed, at his intercession, to remain in Peloponnesus. So much respect did the commissioners pay him, that when they quitted the country in the spring of B. C. 145, after arranging its affairs, and reducing it to the form of a Roman province, they ordered him to visit the various cities, and explain the new laws and constitution. In the execution of this duty, Polybius spared no pains or trouble. He traversed the whole country, and with indefatigable zeal he drew up laws and political institutions for the different cities, and decided disputes that had arisen between them. He further obtained from the Romans a relaxatio n of some of the most severe e
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