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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 44 44 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 8 8 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 4 4 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 4 4 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 3 3 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 3 3 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 2 2 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 2 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 146 BC or search for 146 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Agatha'rchides (search)
Agatha'rchides (*)Agaqarxi/dhs), or AGATHARCHUS (*)Aga/qarxos), a Greek grammarian, born at Cnidos. He was brought up by a man of the name of Cinnaeus; was, as Strabo (xvi. p.779) informs us, attached to the Peripatetic school of philosophy, and wrote several historical and geographical works. In his youth he held the situation of secretary and reader to Heraclides Lembus, who (according to Suidas) lived in the reign of Ptolemy Philometor. This king died B. C. 146. He himself informs us (in his work on the Erythraean Sea), that he was subsequently guardian to one of the kings of Egypt during his minority. This was no doubt one of the two sons of Ptolemy Physcon. Dodwell endeavours to shew that it was the younger son, Alexander, and objects to Soter, that he reigned conjointly with his mother. This, however, was the case with Alexander likewise. Wesseling and Clinton think the elder brother to be the one meant, as Soter II. was more likely to have been a minor on his accession in B. C
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
were in his power; but two sons of Demetrius were safe in Crete. The elder of them. who was named Demetrius, took the field in Cilicia against the usurper. Alexander applied for help to his father-in-law, Ptolemy Philometor, who marched into Syria, and then declared himself in favour of Demetrius. Alexander now returned from Cilicia, whither he had gone to meet Demetrius, and engaged in battle with Ptolemy at the river Oenoparas. In this battle, though Ptolemy fell, Alexander was completely defeated, and he was afterwards murdered by an Arabian emir with whom he had taken refuge. (B. C. 146.) The meaning of his surname (Balas) is doubtful. It is most probably a title signifying "lord" or "king." On some of his coins he is called "Epiphanes" and "Nicephorus" after his pretended father. On others "Euergetes" and "Theopator." (Poiyb. 33.14, 16; Liv. Epit. 1. liii.; Justin, xxv.; Appian, Syriaca, c. 67; 1 Maccab. 10.11; J. AJ 13.2.4; Euseb. Chronicon; Clinton, Fasti, iii. p. 324.) [P.S]
Andro'nidas (*)Andrwni/das), was with Callicrates the leader of the Roman party among the Achaeans. In B. C. 146, he was sent by Metellus to Diaeus, the commander of the Achacans, to offer peace; but the peace was rejected, and Andronidas seized by Diaeus, who however released him upon the payment of a talent. (Plb. 29.10, 30.20, 40.4, 5
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Theos (search)
Anti'ochus Vi. or Anti'ochus Theos (*)Anti/oxos), king of SYRIA, surnamed THEOS (*Qeo/s), and on coins Epiphanes Dionysus (*)Epifanh/s *Dio/nusos), was the son of Alexander Balas, king of Syria [see p. 114b.], and remained in Arabia after his father's death in B. C. 146. Two years afterwards (B. C. 144), while he was still a youth, he was brought forward as a claimant to the crown against Demetrius Nicator by Tryphon, or Diodotus, who had been one of his father's chief ministers. Tryphon met with great success; Jonathan and Simon, the leaders of the Jews, joined his party; and Antiochus was acknowledged as king by the greater part of Syria. But Tryphon, who had all along intended to secure the royal power for himself, and had brought forward Antiochus only for this purpose, now put the young prince to death and ascended the throne, B. C. 142. (1 Maccab. xi., &c.; J. AJ 13.6, &c.; Strab. xvi. p.752; Justin, 36.1; Liv. Epit. 55.) The reverse of the annexed coin represents the Dioscuri
Archippus (*)/Arxippos), an Achaean, who accompanied Andronidas to Diaeus, the commander of the Achaeans, to offer peace from the Romans, B. C. 146. He was seized by Diaeus, but released upon the payment of forty minae. (Plb. 40.5, comp. 100.4, init.) There was another Archippus. an Achaean, who expelled the garrison of Nabis from Argos, B. C. 194. (Liv. 34.40
ate as B. C. 11 , at all events, as Crassus heard him in that year. (Cic. de Orat. 1.11.) Of his works, which amounted to 400 books (bibli/a, Diog. Laert. l.c.), only a few titles are preserved. His main object in writing them was to make known the philosophy of his master Carneades, from whose views he never dissented. Cleitomachus continued to reside at Athens till the end of his life; but he continued to cherish a strong affection for his native country, and when Carthage was taken in B. C. 146, he wrote a work to console his unfortunate countrymen. This work, which Cicero says he had read, was taken from a discourse of Carneades, and was intended to exhibit the consolation which philosophy supplies even under the greatest calamities. (Cic. Tusc. 3.22.) Cicero sterns indeed to have paid a good deal of attention to the works of Cleitomachus, and speaks in high terms of his industry, penetration, and philosophical talent. (Acad. 2.6, 31.) He sometimes translates from the works of
he character of the work itself, that he was subsequent to B. C. 403. But we may arrive still nearer at his age. Mummius brought the above-mentioned group of the Muses from Thespiae to Rome; and Cleomenes must therefore have lived previously to B. C. 146, the date of the destruction of Corinth. The beautiful statue of Venus is evidently an imitation of the Cnidian statue of Praxiteles; and Müller's opinion is very probable, that Cleomenes tried to revive at Athens the style of this great artist. Our artist would, according to this supposition, have lived between B. C. 363 (the age of Praxiteles) and B. C. 146. Now, there is another Cleomenes, the author of a much admired but rather lifeless statue in the Louvre, which commonly bears the name of Germanicus, though without the slightest foundation. It represents a Roman orator, with the right hand lifted, and, as the attribute of a turtle at the foot shews, in the habit of Mercury. There the artist calls himself *K*L*E*O*M*E*N*H*S *K
Cleopatra 4. A daughter of the preceding and of Ptolemy V. Epiphanes, married her brother Ptolemy VI. Philometor. She had a son by him, whom on his death, B. C. 146, she seems to have wished to place on the throne, but was prevented by the accession of her brother, Physcon or Evergetes II. (Ptolemy VII.), to whom the crown and her hand were given. Her son was murdered by Physcon on the day of the marriage, and she was soon divorced to make way for her own daughter by her former marriage. On Physcon's retiring to Cyprus to avoid the hatred which his tyranny had caused, she solicited the aid of her son-in-law, Demetrius Nicator, king of Syria, against his expected attack, offering the crown of Egypt as an inducement. During the period of Physcon's voluntary exile, she lost another son (by her marriage with him), whom Physcon barbarously murdered for the express purpose of distressing her, and sent her his mangled limbs, in Thyestean fashion, on her birth-day. Soon after this, she was
was explained by Critolaus as a consequence of weakness on the part of the Romans, who, he said, did not dare to venture upon a war with the Achaeans. In addition to this, he contrived to inspire the Achaeans with the prospect of forming alliances with powerful princes and states. But this hope was almost completely disappointed, and the Achaeans rushed into a war with the gigantic powers of Rome, in which every sensible person must have seen that destruction awaited them. In the spring of B. C. 146, Critolaüs marched with a considerable army of Achaeans towards Thermopylae, partly to rouse all Greece to a general insurrection against Rome, and partly to chastise Heracleia, near mount Oeta, which had abandoned the cause of the Achaeans. Metellus even now offered his hand for reconciliation; but when his proposals were rejected, and he himself suddenly appeared in the neighbourhood of Heracleia, Critolaüs at once raised the siege of the town, quitted his position, and fled southward. M
rces by sending a portion of them to garrison Megara and to check there the advance of the Romans. He himself had taken up his quarters in Corinth, and Metellus, the Roman general, advancing thither, sent forward ambassadors to offer terms, but Diaeus threw them into prison (though he afterwards released them for the bribe of a talent), and caused Sosicrates, the lieutenantgeneral, as well as Philinus of Corinth, to be put to death with torture for having joined in recommending negotiation with the enemy. Being defeated by Mummius before the walls of Corinth, in B. C. 146, he made no further attempt to defend the city, but fled to Megalopolis, where he slew his wife to prevent her falling into the enemy's power, and put an end to his own existence by poison, thus (says Pausanias) rivalling Menalcidas in the cowardice of his death, as he had rivalled him through his life in avarice. [MENALCIDAS.] (Plb. 38.2, 40.2, 4, 5, 9; Paus. 7.12, &c.; Clinton, F. H. sub annis 149, 147, 146.) [E.E]
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