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（*)Agaqarxi/dhs), or AGATHARCHUS (*)Aga/qarxos), a Greek grammarian, born at Cnidos.
He was brought up by a man of the name of Cinnaeus; was, as Strabo (xvi. p.779) informs us, attached to the Peripatetic school of philosophy, and wrote several historical and geographical works.
In his youth he held the situation of secretary and reader to Heraclides Lembus, who (according to Suidas) lived in the reign of Ptolemy Philometor.
This king died B. C. 146.
He himself informs us (in his work on the Erythraean Sea), that he was subsequently guardian to one of the kings of Egypt during his minority.
This was no doubt one of the two sons of Ptolemy Physcon. Dodwell endeavours to shew that it was the younger son, Alexander, and objects to Soter, that he reigned conjointly with his mother.
This, however, was the case with Alexander likewise. Wesseling and Clinton think the elder brother to be the one meant, as Soter II. was more likely to have been a minor on his accession in B. C
Anti'ochus Vi. or Anti'ochus Theos
（*)Anti/oxos), king of SYRIA, surnamed THEOS (*Qeo/s), and on coins Epiphanes Dionysus (*)Epifanh/s *Dio/nusos), was the son of Alexander Balas, king of Syria [see p. 114b.], and remained in Arabia after his father's death in B. C. 146. Two years afterwards (B. C. 144), while he was still a youth, he was brought forward as a claimant to the crown against Demetrius Nicator by Tryphon, or Diodotus, who had been one of his father's chief ministers. Tryphon met with great success; Jonathan and Simon, the leaders of the Jews, joined his party; and Antiochus was acknowledged as king by the greater part of Syria. But Tryphon, who had all along intended to secure the royal power for himself, and had brought forward Antiochus only for this purpose, now put the young prince to death and ascended the throne, B. C. 142. (1 Maccab. xi., &c.; J. AJ 13.6, &c.; Strab. xvi. p.752; Justin, 36.1; Liv. Epit. 55.)
The reverse of the annexed coin represents the Dioscuri