ly odorous gums, spices, and woods.
The Japanese warming-apparatus is a chafing-dish with a handful of charcoal let into the floor, like the Spanish brasero. This is very ineffective in mitigating the rigor of the season in the more northerly part of the main island, and the people depend principally on clothes, heaping gown upon gown.
1. (Alloy.) An alloy of copper and zinc.
It is fabled to have been first accidentally formed at the burning of Corinth by Lucius Mummius, 146 B. C.; but articles of brass have been discovered in the Egyptian tombs, which prove it to have had a much greater antiquity.
Brass was known to the ancients as a more valuable kind of copper.
The yellow color was considered a natural quality, and was not supposed to indicate an alloy.
Certain mines were much valued, as they yielded this gold-colored copper, but after a time it was found that by melting copper with a certain earth (calamine), the copper was changed in color.
The nature o
and shadows are indicated by a brightening of gum or other lustrous medium.
The invention has been ascribed to the daughter of Dibutades, a potter of Corinth, who drew the outline of the shadow of her lover's face cast by a lamp upon the wall, about 776 B. C. Her father, the legend relates, cut away the plaster within the outline of the profile, took an impression in clay, and baked it in his oven; this, it is said, was still preserved at Corinth when that city was sacked by Mummius, B. C. 146.
Numerous and fine specimens are to be found on ancient Etruscan vases.
The first notice of the modern practice of the art was in regard to portraits made by Elizabeth Pyberg, who cut the profiles of William and Mary out of black paper, 1699.
The name silhouette was given them, about 1757, in derision of the French Minister of Finance, Etienne Silhouette, he having vexed the people of Paris by many salutary and some rather trifling reforms; the wits, therefore, dubbed any very cheap arti