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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 11 11 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 2 2 Browse Search
P. Terentius Afer (Terence), Adelphi: The Brothers (ed. Henry Thomas Riley) 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 161 BC or search for 161 BC in all documents.

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Albi'nus 17. L. Postumius Sp. F. L. N. ALBINUS, apparently son of No. 12, was curule aedile B. C. 161, and exhibited the Ludi Megalenses, at which the Eunuch of Terence was acted. He was consul in 154, and died seven days after he had set out from Rome in order to go to his province. It was supposed that he was poisoned by his wife. (Obseq. 76; V. Max. 6.3.8.)
A'lcimus (*)/Alkimos), also called Jacimus, or Joachim (*)Ia/keimos), one of the Jewish priests, who espoused the Syrian cause. He was made high priest by Demetrius, about B. C. 161, and was installed in his office by the help of a Syrian army. In consequence of his cruelties he was expelled by the Jews, and obliged to fly to Antioch, but was restored by the help of another Syrian army. He continued in his office, under the protection of the Syrians, till his death, which happened suddenly (B. C. 159) while he was pulling down the wall of the temple that divided the court of the Gentiles from that of the Israelites. (J. AJ 12.9.7; 1 Maceab. vii. ix
Apu'stius 3. P. Apustius, one of the ambassadors sent to the younger Ptolemy, B. C. 161. (Plb. 32.1.)
Dio'genes 4. A person sent by OROFERNES, together with Timotheus, as ambassador to Rome in B. C. 161, to carry to Rome a golden crown, and to renew the friendship and alliance with the Romans. The principal object of the ambassadors, however, was to support the accusation which was brought against Ariarathes; and Diogenes and his coadjutor, Miltiades, succeeded in their plan, and lies and calumnies gained the victory, as there was no one to undertake the defence of Ariarathes. (Plb. 32.20.)
Fa'nnia Gens plebeian. No members of it are mentioned in Roman history previous to the second century B. C., and the first of them who obtained the consulship was C. Fannius Strabo, in B. C. 161. The only family-name which occurs in this gens under the republic is STRABO: the others are mentioned without a cognomen. There are a few coins belonging to this gens: one of them is given under CRITONIUS; another figured below bears on the obverse a head of Pallas, and on the reverse Victory in a quadriga, with M. FAN. C. F. [L.S]
Meno'chares (*Mhnoxa/rhs), an officer of Demetrius Soter, king of Syria. In B. C. 161, when Demetrius had escaped from Rome and established himself on the Syrian throne, he sent Menochares to plead his cause with Tiberius Gracchus [No. 6.] and his fellow-commissioners, then in Cappadocia. In the following year, Menochares was sent by Demetrius to Rome, to conciliate the senate by the present of a golden crown and the surrender of Leptines, the assassin of Cn. Octavius, the Roman envoy. (Plb. 31.4,6; Diod. xxxi. Exc. Leg. xxv. p. 626.) [LEPTINES, No. 6.] [E.
Mer'ula 2. CN. (CORNELIUS?) MERULA, was appointed legatus by the senate in B. C. 162-161, to adjust the disputes between the brothers Ptolemy Philometor and Physcon respecting the sovereignty of Cyprus. Merula accompanied Physcon to Crete and Asia Minor, and, after an ineffectual embassy to the elder brother at Alexandria, he induced the senate, on his return to Rome, to cancel the existing treaty with Philometor. (Plb. 31.18, 25, 26, 7, 32.1.)
Messalla 4. M. Valerius Messalla, M. F. M. N., son of the preceding, was consul in B. C. 161. His consulate was remarkable chiefly for a decree of the senate prohibiting the residence of Greek rhetoricians at Rome. (Gel. 2.24, 15.11; Suet. Clar. Rhet. i.) The "Phormion" and "Eunuch" of Terence were first acted in this year. (Titul. Phorm. et Eunuch. Terentii.) Messalla, having been once degraded by the censors, became himself censor in B. C. 154. (V. Max. 2.9.9.)
Pompo'nius 6. M. Pomponius, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 167, opposed, with his colleague M. Antonius, the proposition of the praetor M'. Juventius Thalna, that war should be declared against the Rhodians. (Liv. 45.21.) Pomponius was praetor in B. C. 161, and in this year obtained a decree of the senate, by which philosophers and rhetoricians were forbidden to live in Rome. (Suet. de clar. Rhet. 1; Gel. 15.11.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Strabo, Fa'nnius 1. C. Fannius Strabo, was consul B. C. 161 with M. Valerius Messalla. In their consulship the rhetoricians were expelled from Rome (Gel. 15.11; Suet. de Rhet. 1). Fannius also proposed a lex sumtuaria (Gel. 2.24 ; Macr. 2.13; Plin. Nat. 10.50. s. 71).
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