by many, that it signified an eclipse
of the king. And this circumstance raised the spirits of the
Romans and depressed those of the Macedonians. So true is the
common saying that "war has many a groundless scare."The Roman was saved from a scare by the eclipse being foretold by Gaius
Sulpicius Gallus, famous for his knowledge of Greek literature and astronomy.
He is represented by Cicero as explaining the celestial globe (sphaera) which
Marcellus brought from Syracuse. He was consul in B. C. 166. Livy, 44, 37;
Cicero, Brut. § 78; de Repub. 1, § 21. . . .
Perseus finding himself thus on the point of being outflanked
retired on Pydna, near which town Aemilius Paulus, after
considerable delay, about midsummer inflicted a crushing defeat
upon him. Perseus fled to Amphipolis, and thence to Samothrace,
where he was captured by Paulus and taken to Rome to adorn
his triumph, and afterwards allowed to live as a private person
at Alba. This was the end of the Macedonian kingdom. (Livy,