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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 11 11 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 7 7 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, APOLLO PALATINUS, AEDES (search)
area Apollinis (Solin. i. 18; FUR frgs. I, 418, 421), or area aedis Apollinis (CIL vi. 32327, 23, ludi saec. a. 203). The Sibylline books were brought here from the temple of Jupiter on the Capitol and placed beneath the pedestal of the statue of Apollo (Suet. Aug. 29; Verg. Aen. vi. 72 and Serv. ad loc.; Tib. ii. 5. 17), and they were saved when the temple itself was burned (see below). Part of the ceremony of the ludi saeculares took place at this temple (CIL vi. name. 32323, 32, 139, a. 17 B.C.; 32327, 7, 23, a. 203 A.D.), and it is mentioned incidentally by Tacitus (Hist. i. 27; iii. 65) and in Hist. Aug. Claud. 4 in connection with a meeting of the senate. It is mentioned in the Notitia (Reg. X), but was burned down on 18th March, 363 (Amm. xxiii. 3. 3) Besides Palatinus, the usual epithet of the god worshipped in this temple we find navalis (Prop. iv. 1. 3), Actius Applied because Augustus attributed the victory of Actium (31 B.C.) to the intervention of Apollo. (ib. iv. 6.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, DIS PATER ET PROSERPINA, ARA (search)
h the ludi saeculares (Liv. Ep. 49; Phlegon, Macrob. 4; cf. Censorin. de die nat. 17. 8; Zos. ii. 4). The altar of the time of the empire was discovered in 1886-1887, behind the Palazzo Cesarini, 5 metres below the level of the Corso Vittorio Emanuele. Two blocks of the altar itself, which was 3.40 metres square, were found resting upon a pedestal which was approached by three steps, and a large pulvinus belonging to it was also found (Cons. 13). Behind it was a massive wall of tufa and round it a triple wall of peperino. Not far away, in a mediaeval wall, were found large portions of the marble slabs containing the inscriptions that record the celebration of the ludi saeculares by Augustus in 17 B.C., and by Severus in 204 A.D. The altar itself is no longer visible (HJ 477-478; Mitt. 1891, 127-129; Mon. L. i. 540-548; NS 1890, 285; BC 1887, 276-277; 1894, 325; 1896, 191-230; EE viii. 225-309; CIL vi. 32323-32337; PT 135-137; Cohen, Aug. 188=BM Aug. 431; Wissowa, Ges. Abh. 189-209).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, HORTI CAESARIS (1) (search)
HORTI CAESARIS (1) the gardens of Julius Caesar that were probably just outside the porta Collina. They are mentioned in the fourth century (Obseq. 71) under date of 17 B.C., and probably by Cassius Dio (xlii. 26. 3) under date of 47 B.C. They appear to have fallen into the possession of Sallust (Ps. Cic. resp. in Sail. 19), and may have formed part of the horti Sallustiani (HJ 430; RE viii. 2483).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, OPS, AEDES, TEMPLUM (search)
Fast. Amit. ad xiv Kal. Ian., CIL i². p. 245: Opalia feriae Opi. Opi ad Forum; Fowler, Roman Festivals 273). The temple of Ops on the Capitol was famous as the place where Caesar stored the state treasure of 700,000,000 sesterces (Cic. ad Att. xiv. 14. 5; xvi. 14. 4; Phil. i. 17; ii. 35, 93; viii. 26; Veil. ii. 60. 4; cf. Obseq. 68). It is also mentioned incidentally by Cicero (ad Att. vi. I. 17) and in the Schol. Veron. of Vergil (Aen. ii. 714). At the celebration of the ludi saeculares in 17 B.C. the matronae assembled in this temple (CIL vi. 32323. 75; EE viii. 254), and the Arval Brethren in 80 A.D. (CIL vi. 2059. II). Military diplomas were fastened on its walls (dipl. hon. miss. xv a. 83, CIL iii. Suppl. p. 1962; EE v. 613), and it is possible that standard weights were also kept here (cf. a bronze weight with the inscription: templ(um) Opis aug(ustae), Ann. d. Inst. 1881, 182 f.; ILS 8637 a, b). The day of dedication of this temple was the festival of the Opiconsivia on 25th Au
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, SAEPTA IULIA (search)
own as ovile (Liv. xxvi. 22; Lucan ii. 197; Auson. Grat. act. iii. 13; Serv. Ecl. i. 33). In the saepta gladiatorial combats were exhibited by Augustus (Suet. Aug. 43; Cass. Dio lv. 8), Caligula (Suet. Cal. 18), Claudius (Suet. Claud. 21); and naumachiae, or sham naval battles, by Augustus (Cass. Dio lv. 10) and Caligula (ib. lix. 10:pa\v to\ xwri/on e)kai=no e)coru/cas kai\ u(/datos plhrw/sas i(/na mi/an nou=n e)sga/gn|). Nero used the building for gymnastic exhibitions (Suet. Nero 12). In 17 B.C. the senate was convened here (acta lud. saec., CIL vi. 32323, 50), the only recorded occasion, and Tiberius addressed the people from a tribunal erected in it, after his return from the Illyrian campaign (Suet. Tib. 17; Cass. Dio lvi. 1). Pliny speaks of the works of art that it contained (NH xxxvi. 29), and Seneca of the crowds that frequented it (de ira ii. 8. 1). It was injured by the great fire of 80 A.D. (Cass. Dio lxvi. 24), but must have been restored at once, for it was a favourite
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, THEATRUM MARCELLI (search)
o make room for it he removed the temple of PIETAS (q.v.) in the forum Holitorium and other shrines and private houses (Plin. NH vii. 21 ; Cass. Dio xliii. 49. 3), but the building was not actually constructed by him but by Augustus, who found it necessary to purchase additional land from private owners at his own expense (Mon. Anc. iv. 22). The theatre was a memorial of Marcellus and dedicated in his name (Cass. Dio, Mon. Anc. locc. citt.; Liv. Epit. 138; Suet. Aug. 29; Plut. Marc. 30). In 17 B.C. the work of construction was so far advanced that part of the celebration of the ludi saeculares took place within the theatre (CIL vi. 32323. 157 ; Here it is called' theatrum [quod est] in circo Flaminio.' EE viii. 233), but the dedication did not occur until 13 (Cass. Dio liv. 26. i), or less probably II (Plin. NH viii. 65; cf. Chron. Pasch. a. u. c. 732, ed. Momms. i. 218). On this occasion magnificent games were held (Cass. Dio liii. 30. 6; liv. 26. I; Suet. Aug. 43). Augustus placed
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
(?), 260; Temple of Bonus Eventus, 86; Stagnum Agrippae, 496; bridge, 398; Porticus Vipsania, 430. 23Library in the Porticus of Octavia, 84. (ca.). Pavement of Forum and Tribunal Praetorium, 234. 22Temple of Juppiter Tonans on Capitol dedicated, 305. 21Pons Fabricius restored after floods of 23, 400. 20Temple of Mars Ultor on the Capitol, 329. Milliarium Aureum, 342. 19Agrippa completes Aqua Virgo, 28. Altar of Fortuna Redux, 218. Second Arch of Augustus in Forum, 34. 17 Theatre of Marcellus in use, 513. 16Temple of Juventas burnt and restored, 308. Porticus round the Temple of Quirinus, 428, 439. 15Crypta Balbi, 141. Porticus of Livia begun, 423. (?) Livia builds Temple of Concord, 138. 14Temples of Juppiter Stator and Juno Regina restored, 305. Basilica Aemilia burnt and rebuilt, 73. 13Theatre of Marcellus dedicated, 513. of Balbus dedicated, 513. Senate decrees the Ara Pacis, 30. 12(after). Pons Aemilius restored (?), 398. Fornix August
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
natives, and constructed four great public roads and a splendid aqueduct at Nemausus (Nîmes). From thence he proceeded to Spain and subdued the Cantabrians after a short but bloody and obstinate struggle; but, in accordance with his usual prudence, he neither announced his victories in pompous letters to the senate, nor did he accept a triumph which Augustus offered him. In B. C. 18, he was invested with the tribunician power for five years together with Augustus; and in the following year (B. C. 17), his two sons, Caius and Lucius, were adopted by Augustus. At the close of the year, he accepted an invitation of Herod the Great, and went to Jerusalem. He founded the military colony of Berytus (Beyrut), thence he proceeded in B. C. 16 to the Pontus Euxinus, and compelled the Bosporani to accept Polemo for their king and to restore the Roman eagles which had been taken by Mithridates. On his return he stayed some time in Ionia, where he granted privileges to the Jews whose cause was plea
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), VII. Laelii Balbi. (search)
VII. Laelii Balbi. Balbus 1. D. Laelius Balbus, D. F. D. N., one of the quindecemviri who superintended the celebration of the saecular games in B. C. 17 (Fast. Capitol.), and consul in B. C. 6. (D. C. 4.9.) Balbus 2. Laelius Balbus, accused Acutia, formerly the wife of P. Vitellius, of treason (majestas), but was unable to obtain the usual reward after her condemnation, in consequence of the intercession of the tribune Junius Otho. He was condemned in A. D. 37 as one of the paramours of Albucilla, deprived of his senatorial rank, and banished to an island: his condemnation gave general satisfaction, as he had been ever ready to accuse the innocent. (Tac. Ann. 6.47, 48.)
Balbus 1. D. Laelius Balbus, D. F. D. N., one of the quindecemviri who superintended the celebration of the saecular games in B. C. 17 (Fast. Capitol.), and consul in B. C. 6. (D. C. 4.9.)
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