man and that you rule over others like yourself, learn this lesson
first, that there is a wheel in human affairs and that as it goes around
it does not allow the same men always to be fortunate." formidabilem . . . miserandum . . . traditum . . .
defensum: modify Croesum in two pairs, while specifying
three stages in his career ( miserandum and traditum
speak to the same moment).
Paulum: L. Aemilius Paulus
(consul in 170 B.C.) defeated the last king of
(genitive: Persi ); Livy and others told of
Paulus's sober reflections on the instability of mortal prosperity.
se: Paulus; where the
subject is impersonal, the reference of the reflexive pronoun is
directed by common sense. Quid . . .
vertentem?: A ninth-century commentator, Remigius of
Auxerre, attributes this
definition of tragedy to the early Roman tragic poet Pacuvius;