the Carthaginians had the first paved streets, and that their example was soon copied by the Romans.
Appius Claudius, the censor, constructed (312 B. C.) the road named after him, the Appian Way, which was, on account of its excellence, called the queen of roads. This was about ten years after the death of Alexander the Great.
The time, however, when the streets of Rome were first paved cannot be determined with certainty.
We are informed by Livy, that in the year of the city 584 (about 170 B. C.), the censors caused the streets to be paved from the ox-market to the temple of Venus.
The extravagant Heliogabalus caused the streets around the palace or on the Palatine Mount to be paved with foreign marble.
Streets paved with lava, having deep ruts worn by the wheels of carriages, and raised banks on each side for foot-passengers, are found at Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Roman country roads were 8 feet wide on the straight lines, 15 feet at angles.
Cattle might be driven on each