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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 23 23 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 2 2 Browse Search
John Conington, Commentary on Vergil's Aeneid, Volume 2 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 40-42 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D. and Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 43-45 (ed. Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 43-45 (ed. Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Polybius, Histories, book 22, Origin of the Last Macedonian War (search)
Origin of the Last Macedonian War At this time were sowed the seeds of fatal evils to the B. C. 186. The origin of the last Macedonian war. royal house of Macedonia. I am aware that some historians of the war between Rome and Perseus, when they wish to set forth the causes of the quarrel for our information, assign as the primary one the expulsion of Abrupolis from his principality, on the ground of having made a raid upon the mines at Pangaeum after the death of Philip, which Perseus repulsed, finally expelling him entirely out of his own dominions.Abrupolis, a Thracian prince and friend of the Romans. See Livy, 42, 13, 40. Death of Philip V. B. C. 179. Next they mention the invasion of Dolopia, and the visit of Perseus to Delphi, the plot against Eumenes at Delphi, and the murder of the ambassadors in Boeotia; and from these they say sprang the war between Perseus and the Romans.B. C. 176-172. But my contention is that it is of most decisive advantage, both to historians and their
Polybius, Histories, book 22, A Meeting of the Achaean League Parliament (search)
A Meeting of the Achaean League Parliament I have already stated that in the Peloponnese, while Philopoemen was still Strategus, Philopoemen Achaean Strategus for two years running, from the Achaean league sent an embassy to Rome on the subject of Sparta, and another to king Ptolemy to renew their ancient alliance. May B. C. 189 to May B. C. 187. Immediately after Philopoemen had been succeeded byAristaenus. May, B. C. 187 to May, B. C. 186. Aristaenus as Strategus, the ambassadors of king Ptolemy arrived, while the league meeting was assembled at Megalopolis. King Eumenes also had despatched an embassy offering to give the Achaeans one hundred and twenty talents, on condition that it was invested and the interest used to pay the council of the league at the time of the federal assemblies. Seleucus Philopator succeeded his father Antiochus the Great, B.C. 187. Business of the Achaean assembly. Letter from the Senate on the subject of Philopoemen's actions at Sparta. Ambassadors came
John Conington, Commentary on Vergil's Aeneid, Volume 2, P. VERGILI MARONIS, line 385 (search)
This description of Bacchic orgies and frenzy is altogether Greek, and suggested by some Greek work, such as the Bacchae of Euripides. The Bacchanalia were introduced into Rome from Southern Italy through Etruria, but their celebration leading to dreadful excesses, they were suppressed throughout Italy by a decree of the Senate B.C. 186. See Livy 39. 8 foll. Perhaps Virg.'s nefas may be a touch of Roman feeling. Comp. 4. 301 foll., where Dido is compared to a Bacchant. Med. a m. p. and one of Ribbeck's cursives originally have in silvis. Rom. and some others have nomine, which might stand; but numine is better. Serv. thinks simulato means delusion, not conscious pretence, appealing to v. 405 below: but Virg. doubtless means that the pretended enthusiasm eventually took real hold on her. Ov. M. 6. 594 (of Procne) is, as usual, more explicit, furiisque agitata doloris, Bacche, tuas simulat.
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 40 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D. and Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.), chapter 36 (search)
unusually large. cavalry and in addition a thousand Roman infantry and fifty cavalry, and to levy upon the allies of the Latin confederacy for seven thousand infantry and three hundred cavalry. With this army it was the senate's pleasure that Tiberius Sempronius should go to Nearer Spain. Permission was granted to Quintus Fulvius that those, whether Roman citizens or allies, who had been taken to Spain before the consulship of Spurius Postumius and Quintus Marcius,They were consuls in 186 B.C. (XXXIX. viii. 1). and, moreover, when the new drafts were added, in consequence of which addition there were in the two legions more than ten thousand four hundred infantry and six hundred cavalry and of the allies of the Latin confederacy more than twelveB.C. 180 thousand infantry and six hundred cavalry, and specifically those whose valiant services Quintus Fulvius had enjoyed in the two battles with the Celtiberians, that all these, The sentence is awkward but the gene
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 43 (ed. Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.), chapter 11 (search)
Italy, except those who were absent on public business, while those who were in Rome were not to go more than a mile away from Rome.A similar, but even stricter, emergency measure is recorded in XXXVI. iii. 3 (191 B.C.), just before the campaigns against Antiochus. These matters were carried out as the senate voted. The consular elections were held on the twenty-sixth of January. The consuls elected were Quintus Marcius Philippus for the second timeHis previous consulship was in 186 B.C., cf. XXXIX. viii ff.; he had been envoy to Greece and to Perseus just before the outbreak of the war, XLII. xxxviii-xlvii. and Gnaeus Servilius Caepio. Two days later there were elected as praetors Gaius Decimius, Marcus Claudius Marcellus.He was tribune in 171 B.C. (XLII. xxxii. 7), going out of office on December 9th of that year; the interval of a year and three months was apparently regularly regarded as fulfilling the requirement of two years which, according to the Lex Villia Annalis
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 44 (ed. Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.), chapter 9 (search)
because the fires of the king's camp at the Elpeüs were in sight. Then the siege began, both with assaults and with field-works and engines, both from land and sea, for the fleet, too, had arrived and occupied the shore side. The younger Romans even captured the lowest part of the wall by turning to military use a performance of the arena. It was the custom then, before there had been introduced the present extravaganceLivy notes the beginnings of lavishness in shows as early as 186 B.C., see XXXIX. xxii. 2, XLI. xxvii. 6, and below, xviii. 8. of cramming the arena with animals from all over the earth, to hunt out various sorts of spectacles, for one race with four-horse chariots and one with bareback riders hardly occupied the space of an hour for the two events. As one of these performances, groups of about sixtySixty was the usual number of soldiers in the so-called century. youths (occasionally more at more elaborate games) entered under arms. Their entranceB.C. 1
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, LUCUS STIMULAE (search)
LUCUS STIMULAE a grove sacred to Stimula, a deity who seems afterwards to have been confused with Semele Livy gives the form Similae. (Ov. Fast. vi. 503: lucus erat dubium Semelae Stimulaeve; CIL vi. 9897: ab luco Semeles; Rosch. ii. 226-227). The grove was the scene of the Bacchanalian orgies in B.C., and lay near the Tiber and the Aventine (Liv. xxxix. 12, 13; Ov. Fast. vi. 518; Schol. Iuv. 2. 3), probably near the foot of the south-west slope of the hill.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, OPS, AEDES, TEMPLUM (search)
OPS, AEDES, TEMPLUM a temple on the Capitol, probably in the area Capitolina (Hulsen, Festschrift fur H. Kiepert, 214), which is first mentioned as being struck by lightning in 186 B.C. (Liv. xxxix. 22. 4; and probably Obseq. 3). In the latter part of the second century B.C. L. Caecilius Metellus Delmaticus dedicated a temple to Opifera, probably Ops Opifera (cf. Fast. Arv. ad x Kal. Sept., CIL i². p. 215: Opi Opifer(ae), pp. 326-337), which may refer to a restoration of the existing temple on the Capitol, or less probably to a new one. If it was a new one, it may perhaps have been in the forum, and referred to in the calendar (Fast. Amit. ad xiv Kal. Ian., CIL i². p. 245: Opalia feriae Opi. Opi ad Forum; Fowler, Roman Festivals 273). The temple of Ops on the Capitol was famous as the place where Caesar stored the state treasure of 700,000,000 sesterces (Cic. ad Att. xiv. 14. 5; xvi. 14. 4; Phil. i. 17; ii. 35, 93; viii. 26; Veil. ii. 60. 4; cf. Obseq. 68). It is also mentioned in
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
Magna Mater dedicated, 324. of Pietas vowed, 390. 190of Lares Permarini vowed, 315. of Juno Lucina damaged, 289. Scipio builds arch on Clivus Capitolinus, 122, 212. 189Statue of Hercules placed in Temple of Hercules Custos, 252. of Pollentia set up in Circus Maximus, 114. Clivus Martis repaved and portico built along it, 123. 188Statue of Marsyas set up (?), 499. 187Temple of Juno Regina vowed, 290. of Diana in Circus Flaminius vowed, 150. of Hercules Musarum, 255. 186of Ops struck by lightning and rebuilt in second half of century, 372. 184of Venus Erucina outside Porta Collina vowed, 551. Basilica Porcia built, 82. 181Temple of Pietas dedicated, 390. Books and Tomb of Numa found sub Janiculo, 3, 481. Temple of Venus Erucina dedicated, 551. 180Temple of Fortuna Equestris vowed, 215. 179Walls and columns of Capitoline Temple coated with stucco, 298. Statues taken away from Capitol, 49, 298. Temple of Diana in Circus Flaminius dedicated, 150
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter XIX: ad familiares 7.1 (search)
atores: on Cicero's own distaste for gladiatorial contests, cf. Att. 2.1.1 Kal. Iunus eunti mihi Antium et gladiatores M. Metelli cupide relinquenti, etc. operam et oleum perdidisse: a proverbial expression probably applied originally to an article spoiled in cooking; cf. tum pol ego et oleum et operant perdidi, Plaut. Poen. 332. The use of alliteration in such everyday expressions in all languages is well known. Cf. Intr. 93, 102. venationes: from the introduction of the venatio at Rome in 186 B.C. , it was a favorite form of amusement with the people, and was carried to an almost incredible pitch of extravagance and barbarism by the later emperors. venabulo: the elephants were attacked with javelins by the Gaetulians (Plin. N. H. 8.20). misericordia: cf. introd. note. Galli Canini: L. Caninius Gallus, as tribune in 56 B.C. , proposed that the restoration of King Ptolemy should be entrusted to Pompey (Q. fr. 2.2.3). In the year following his tribuneship (55 B.C. ) he was attacked on
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