atores: on Cicero's own distaste for gladiatorial contests, cf. Att. 2.1.1 Kal. Iunus eunti mihi Antium et gladiatores M. Metelli cupide relinquenti, etc.
operam et oleum perdidisse: a proverbial expression probably applied originally to an article spoiled in cooking; cf. tum pol ego et oleum et operant perdidi, Plaut. Poen. 332. The use of alliteration in such everyday expressions in all languages is well known. Cf. Intr. 93, 102.
venationes: from the introduction of the venatio at Rome in 186 B.C.
, it was a favorite form of amusement with the people, and was carried to an almost incredible pitch of extravagance and barbarism by the later emperors.
venabulo: the elephants were attacked with javelins by the Gaetulians (Plin. N. H. 8.20).
misericordia: cf. introd. note.
Galli Canini: L. Caninius Gallus, as tribune in 56 B.C.
, proposed that the restoration of King Ptolemy should be entrusted to Pompey (Q. fr. 2.2.3). In the year following his tribuneship (55 B.C.
) he was attacked on