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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 32 32 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2 1 1 Browse Search
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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VI., CHAPTER IV. (search)
iii. § 17. of these the former are in subjection to the Romans, and the latter are unprofitable for commerce on account of their wandering life, and only require to be watched. The rest of the countries [of Asia] are chiefly inhabited by ScenitesInhabitants of tents. and Nomades who dwell at a great distance. The Parthians indeed border on them and are very powerful, but they have yielded so far to the superiority of the Romans and our emperors, that they have not only sent backIn the year 20 B. C. See book xvi. chap. i. § 28. to Rome the trophies which they had at a still more distant period taken from the Romans, but Phraates has even sent his sons and his sons' sons to Augustus Cæsar, as hostages, assiduously courting his friendship:Compare Tacitus, Annales, lib. ii. § 1. indeed the [Parthians] of the present time frequently send for a king from hence,As Vonones, mentioned by Tacitus in his second book. and are almost on the point of relinquishing all power to the Romans.
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK XI., CHAPTER XIV. (search)
ke. by the inhabitants of the coun- try. There are other mines, and also a mine of Sandyx as it is called, to which is given the name of Armenian colour, it resembles the Calche.It is doub ful whether this colour was red, blue, or purple. This country is so well adapted, being nothing inferior in this respect to Media, for breeding horses, that the race of Nesean horses, which the kings of Persia used, is found here also; the satrap of Armenia used to send annually to the king of Persia 20,000 foals at the time of the festival of the Mithracina. Artavasdes, when he accompanied Antony in his invasion of Media, exhibited, besides other bodies of cavalry, 6000 horse covered with complete armour drawn up in array. Not only do the Medes and Armenians, but the Albanians also, admire this kind of cavalry, for the latter use horses covered with armour. Of the riches and power of this country, this is no slight proof, that when Pompey imposed upon Tigranes, the father of Artavasd
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Q. LUTATIUS CATULUS, DOMUS (search)
Q. LUTATIUS CATULUS, DOMUS an unusually magnificent house (Plin. NH xvii. 2) built by Catulus after his victory over the Cimbri, on the Palatine hill, near his porticus (q.v.). It was on the site of the earlier house of Fulvius Flaccus, and was incorporated by Augustus in his house about 20 B.C. (Suet. de Gramm. 17; Varro, RR iii. 5. 12 ; Cie. de domo 102, 114; Val. Max. vi. 3. ; JRS 1914, 211-213; HJ 57; but cf. DOMUS TRANSITORIA)
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, MARS ULTOR, TEMPLUM (search)
MARS ULTOR, TEMPLUM (vew/s): a temple erected by Augustus on the Capitol, and dedicated 12th May, 20 B.C., as a repository for the Roman standards that had been recovered from the Parthians (Cass. Dio liv. 8:kai\ new\n )/*areos timwrou=- e)n tw=| *kapitwli/w| kata\ to\ tou= *dio\s tou= feretri/ou zh/lwma (that is, for the same use, cf. aedes Iovis Feretri)pro\s th\n tw=n shmei/wn a)na/qesin; Ov. Fast. v. 579-580). The statement in the Monumentum Ancyranum (v. 42: ea autem signa in penetrali quod est in templo Martis Ultoris reposui) is generally taken to refer to the temple in the forum of Augustus (see p. 220), and, if so, the standards must have been kept in this temple on the Capitol until the dedication of the other in 2 B.C. (CIL i². p. 318). The temple is represented on coins of Augustus (Cohen, Aug. 189-205; 278-282; BM. Rep. ii. 27 sqq., 4406- 11, 4417-27; 426. 155; 551. 311=Aug. 315, 366-375, 384-389, 704) as a circular domed structure on a high podium with four or six
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, MILLIARIUM AUREUM (search)
MILLIARIUM AUREUM a column covered with gilt bronze, erected by Augustus in 20 B.C., when he assumed the cura viarum about Rome (Cass. Dio liv. 8). It was regarded as the point of convergence of all the great roads running out of the city (Plut. Galba 24), and on it were engraved the names of the principal cities of the empire and their distances from Rome, although these distances were reckoned from the gates in the Servian wall, not from the milliarium itself (Plin. NH iii. 66). This stood in capite romani fori (Plin. loc. cit.) and sub aede Saturni (Tac. Hist. i. 27; Suet. Otho 6), probably between the rostra and the temple of Saturn, but no trace of its foundations has been found (Richter, BRT ii. 12-13; HC 81; De Rossi, Piante icnografiche 31-32; Jord. i. 2. 245, 314). Of the monument itself two possible fragments have been found, one a part of the marble shaft, 1.42 metres long and 1.17 in diameter, with two sides left rough and traces of bronze facing (Bull. d. Inst. 183
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
. (ca.). Temple of Juppiter Capitolinus restored, 300. 25Agrippa: builds Porticus Argonautarum, 420; Thermae begun, 518; builds Basilica Neptuni, 8 ; Horrea Agrippiana (?), 260; Temple of Bonus Eventus, 86; Stagnum Agrippae, 496; bridge, 398; Porticus Vipsania, 430. 23Library in the Porticus of Octavia, 84. (ca.). Pavement of Forum and Tribunal Praetorium, 234. 22Temple of Juppiter Tonans on Capitol dedicated, 305. 21Pons Fabricius restored after floods of 23, 400. 20Temple of Mars Ultor on the Capitol, 329. Milliarium Aureum, 342. 19Agrippa completes Aqua Virgo, 28. Altar of Fortuna Redux, 218. Second Arch of Augustus in Forum, 34. 17 Theatre of Marcellus in use, 513. 16Temple of Juventas burnt and restored, 308. Porticus round the Temple of Quirinus, 428, 439. 15Crypta Balbi, 141. Porticus of Livia begun, 423. (?) Livia builds Temple of Concord, 138. 14Temples of Juppiter Stator and Juno Regina restored, 305. Basilica Aemilia burnt an
Appuleius 8. M. Appuleius Sex. F. Sex. N., consul in B. C. 20, may possibly be the same person as No. 5. (D. C. 54.7.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Phraates IV. (search)
tead. Phraates, however, was soon restored by the Scythians, and Tiridates fled to Augustus, carvying with him the youngest son of Phraates. Hereupon Phraates sent an embassy to Rome to demand the restoration of his son and Tiridates. Augustus, however, refused to surrender the latter; but he sent back his son to Phraates, on condition of his surrendering the Roman standards and prisoners taken in the war with Crassus and Antony. They were not, however, given up till three years afterwards (B. C. 20), when the visit of Augustus to the east appears to have alarmed the Parthian king. Their restoration caused universal joy at Rome, and was celebrated not only by the poets, but by festivals, the erection of a triumphal arch and temple, and other monuments. Coins also were struck to commemorate the event, on one of which we find the inscription SIGNIS RECEPTIS. (D. C. 51.18, 53.33, 54.8 ; Justin, 42.5; Suet. Aug, 21; Hor. Ep. 1.18. 56, Carm. 4.15. 6; Ovid, Ov. Tr. 2.1. 228, Fast. 6.467, Ar.
d Roman authors. A. The first or elder Branch in Armenia Magna. B. C. 149. Valarsaces or Wagharshag I., founder of the Armenian dynasty of the Arsacidae, established on the throne of Armenia by his brother, Mithridates Arsaces [ARSACES VI.] king of the Parthians. --B. C. 127. Arsaces or Arshag I., his son.--B. C. 114. Artaces, Artaxes, or Ardashes I., his son.--B. C. 89. Tigranes or Dikran I. (II.), his son.--B. C. 36. Artavasdes or Artawazt I., his son.--B. C. 30. Artaxes II., his son.--B. C. 20. Tigranes II., brother of Artaxes II.--B. C. .... Tigranes III.--B. C. 6. Artavasdes II.--B. C. 5. Tigranes III. reestablished.--B. C. 2. Erato, queen. A. D. 2. Ariobarzanes, a Parthian prince, established by the Romans.--A. D. 4. Artavasdes III. or Artabases, his Son.--A. D. 5. Erato re-established ; death uncertain.-- .... Interregnum.--A. D. 16. Vonones.--A. D. 17. Interregnum.--A. D. 18. Zeno of Pontus, surnamed Artaxias.--... Tigranes IV., son of Alexander Herodes.--A. D. 35. Arsaces
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
een him and Artavasdes was rendered still closer by the latter giving his daughter, Iotape, in marriage to Alexander, the son of Antony. Artavasdes further engaged to assist Antony with troops against Octavianus, and Antony on his part promised the Median king help against the Parthians. With the assistance of the Roman troops, Artavasdes was for a time enabled to carry on the war with success against the Parthians and Artaxias II., the exiled king of Armenia; but when Antony recalled his forces in order to oppose Octavianus, Artavasdes was defeated by Artaxias, and taken prisoner. Artavasdes recovered his liberty shortly afterwards. Plutarch (Plut. Ant. 61) mentions Median troops at the battle of Actium; but these might have been sent by Artavasdes before his captivity. After the battle of Actium, Octavianus restored to Artavasdes his daughter Iotape, who had married Antony's son. Artavasdes died shortly before B. C. 20. (D. C. 49.25, 33, 40, 41, 1. 1, 51.16, 54.9; Plut. Ant. 38, 52.)
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