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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 12 12 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
to his legate. The apprehensions of Augustus were removed by the death of Marcellus in B. C. 23, and Agrippa immediately returned to Rome, where he was the more anxiously expected, as troubles had broken out during the election of the consuls in B. C. 21. Augustus resolved to receive his faithful friend into his own family, and accordingly induced him to divorce his wife Marcella, and marry Julia, the widow of Marcellus and the daughter of Augustus by his third wife, Scribonia. (B. C. 21.) In B. C. 21.) In B. C. 19, Agrippa went into Gaul. He pacified the turbulent natives, and constructed four great public roads and a splendid aqueduct at Nemausus (Nîmes). From thence he proceeded to Spain and subdued the Cantabrians after a short but bloody and obstinate struggle; but, in accordance with his usual prudence, he neither announced his victories in pompous letters to the senate, nor did he accept a triumph which Augustus offered him. In B. C. 18, he was invested with the tribunician power for five y
re now more exposed than before to the hostile inroads of barbarians. In B. C. 27, Augustus sent M. Crassus to check the incursions of the Dacians, Bastarnians, and Moesians on the Danube; and, in the same year, he himself went to Gaul and Spain, and began the conquest of the warlike Cantabri and Asturii, whose subjugation, however, was not completed till B. C. 19 by Agrippa. During this campaign Augustus founded several towns for his veterans, such as Augusta Emerita and Caesar Augusta. In B. C. 21 Augustus travelled through Sicily and Greece, and spent the winter following at Samos. After this, he went to Syria at the invitation of Tiridates, who had been expelled from his kingdom of Parthia. The ruling king, Phraates, for fear of the Romans, sent back the standards and prisoners which had been taken from Crassus and Antony. Towards the end of the year 20, Augustus returned to Samos, to spend the approaching winter there. Here ambassadors from India appeared before him, with presents
e the surrender of Perusia, and his reception by Augustus was such as to awaken in the Antonian party suspicions of his fidelity. (Appian, App. BC 5.30, 40, 41; D. C. 48.13, 14.) In B. C. 35 he was prefect of Asia Minor, under M. Antony, where he took prisoner Sex. Pompeius, who had fled thither after his defeat by Agrippa, B. C. 36. (Appian, App. BC 5.137-142.) After the battle of Actium, B. C. 31, Furnius, through the mediation of his son C. Furnius, was reconciled to Augustus (Senec. De Benef. 2.25), and received from him the rank of a consular senator (D. C. 52.42), and was afterwards appointed one of the supplementary consuls, in B. C. 29, which is the first time the name of Furnius appears on the consular Fasti. He was prefect of Hither Spain in B. C. 21. (D. C. 54.5; Flor. 4.12.) Furnius is probably mentioned by the author, De Oratoribus (100.21) among the speakers whose meagre and obsolete diction rendered their works impossible to read without an inclination to sleep or smile.
Le'pidus 21. Q. Aemilius Lepidus, consul B. C. 21 with M. Lollius. (D. C. 54.6; Hor. Ep. 1.20. 28.) It appears from an inscription quoted under FABRICIUS [Vol. II. p. 132b], that he and Lollius repaired the Fabrician bridge. The descent of this Lepidus is quite uncertain: the conjecture of Drumann (Gesch. Roms, vol. i. p. 24) that he was a son of the triumvir is in itself improbable; and we find besides that he is called in inscriptions M'. F., and not M. F.
Lo'llia Gens plebeian, which does not occur in Roman history till the last century of the republic. It would appear to have been either of Samnite or Sabine origin, for a Samnite of this name is mentioned in the war with Pyrrhus [LOLLIUS, No. 1]; and M. Lollius Palicanus, who was tribune of the plebs B. C. 71, is described as a native of Picenum. [PALICANUS.] The first member of the gens who obtained the consulship was M. Lollius, B. C. 21. The only cognomen of the Lollii in the time of the republic was PALICANUS ; but under the empire we find a few more, which are given below under LOLLIUS.
Lo'llius 5. M. Lollius, M. F. is first mentioned as governing the province of Galatia as propraetor. (Eutrop. 7.10.) He was consul B. C. 21, with Q. Aemilius Lepidus (D. C. 54.6; Hor. Ep. 1.20. 28); and in B. C. 16 he commanded as legate in Gaul. Some German tribes, the Sigambri, Usipetes and Tenctheri, who had crossed the Rhine, were at first defeated by Lollius (Obsequ. 131), but they subsequently conquered the imperial legate in a battle, in which the eagle of the fifth legion was lost. Although this defeat is called by Suetonius (Suet. Aug. 23) "majoris infamiae quam detrimenti," yet it was considered of sufficient importance to summon Augustus from the city to Gaul; and it is usually classed, with the loss of the army of Varus, as one of the two great Roman disasters in the reign of Augustus. (Lollianae Varianaeque clades, Tac. Ann. 1.10; Suet. l.c.) On the arrival of Augustus, the Germans retired and re-crossed the Rhine. (D. C. 54.20; Vell. 2.97.) The misfortune of Lollius di
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
oike=in )epitre/yas). When Agrippa, indeed, could remain at Rome, he seems to have had the preference, as on the occasion of Augustus's expedition into Sicily in B. C. 21. (D. C. 54.6.) But when Agrippa accompanied the emperor, as in his Spanish campaign in B. C. 27, it is hardly to be doubted that Maecenas exercised the functionsse his political power; though, as before remarked, we know that he had ceased to enjoy it in B. C. 16. That he retained the confidence of Augustus till at least B. C. 21 may be inferred from the fact that about that time he advised him to marry his daughter Julia to Agrippa, on the ground that he had made the latter so rich and prenunciation was quite in the character of Maecenas, and might have even formed part of his advice respecting the conduct to be observed towards Agrippa. Between B. C. 21 and 16, however, we have direct evidence that a coolness, to say the least, had sprung up between the emperor and his faithful minister. This estrangement, for i
Marcella 1. Daughter of C. Marcellus, C. F., and Octavia, the sister of Augustus. She was married, first to M. Vipsanius Agrippa, who separated from her in B. C. 21, after the death of her brother, Marcellus (No. 15), in order to marry Julia, the daughter of Augustus. After this her uncle gave her in marriage, secondly, to Julus Antonius, the son of the triumvir [ANTONIUS, No. 19], by whom she had a son Lucius. After his death she married, thirdly, Sext. Appuleius, who was consul in A. D. 14, by whom she had a daughter, Appuleia Varilia. (Plut. Ant. 87; D. C. 53.1, 54.6; Vell. 2.93, 100; Suet. Aug. 63; Tac. Ann. 2.50.)
Maso 4. C. Papirius Maso, L. F., one of the decemviri sacrorum, died in B. C. 21 3. (Liv. 25.2.)