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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 22 BC or search for 22 BC in all documents.

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Ahenobarbus 9. L. Domitius Cn. F. L. N. AHENOBARBUS, son of the preceding, was betrothed in B. C. 36, at the meeting of Octavianus and Antony at Tarentum, to Antonia, the daughter of the latter by Octavia. He was aedile in B. C. 22, and consul in B. C. 16. After his consulship, and probably as the successor of Tiberius, he commanded the Roman army in Germany, crossed the Elbe, and penetrated further into the country than any of his predecessors had done. He received in consequence the insignia of a triumph. He died A. D. 25. Suetonius describes him as haughty, prodigal, and cruel, and relates that in his aedileship he commanded the censor L. Plancus to make way for him; and that in his praetorship and consulship he brought Roman knights and matrons on the stage. He exhibited shows of wild beasts in every quarter of the city, and his gladiatorial combats were conducted with so much bloodshed, that Augustus was obliged to put some restraint upon them. (Suet. Nero 4; Tac. Ann. 4.44; D. C
Arru'ntius 2. ARRUNTIUS, was also proscribed by the triumvirs in B. C. 43, but escaped to Pompey, and was restored to the state together with Pompey. (Appian, App. BC 4.46; Vell. 2.77.) This is probably the same Arruntius who commanded the left wing of the fleet of Octavianus at the battle of Actium, B. C. 31. (Vell. 2.85; comp. Plut. Ant. 66.) There was a L. Arruntius, consul in B. C. 22 (D. C. 54.1), who appears to be the same person as the one mentioned above, and may perhaps also be the same as the L. Arruntius, the friend of Trebatius, whom Cicero mentions (ad Fam. 7.18) in B. C. 53.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Cae'pio, Fa'nnius conspired with Murena against Augustus in B. C. 22. He was accused of treason (majestas) by Tiberius, and condemned by the judges in his absence, as he did not stand his trial, and was shortly afterwards put to death. (D. C. 54.3; Vell Pat. 2.91; Suet. Aug. 19, Tib. 8; Senec. de Clem. 9, de Brevit. Vit. 5.)
Canda'ce (*Kanda/kh), a queen of that portion of Aethiopia which had Meroe for its metropolis. In B. C. 22, she invaded Egypt, being encouraged by supposing that the unsuccessful expedition of Aelius Gallus against Arabia, in B. C. 24, had weakened the Romans. She advanced into the Thebaid, ravaging the country, and attacked and captured the Roman garrisons at Elephantine, Syene, and Philae; but Petronius, who had succeeded Gallus in the government of the province, compelled her to retreat, and defeated her with great loss in her own territory near the town of Pselcha. This place he took, and also Premnis and Nabata, in the latter of which the son of the queen commanded. After he had withdrawn, Candace attacked the garrison he had left in Premnis; but Petronius hastily returned, and again defeated her. On this she sent ambassadors to Augustus, who was then at Samos, and who received them favourably, and even remitted the tribute which had been imposed on their country. Strabo, who tel
T. Cari'sius defeated the Astures in Spain, and took their chief town, Lancia, about B. C. 25; but in consequence of the cruelty and insolence of Carisius, the Astures took up arms again in B. C. 22. (Florus, 4.12.55, &c.; Oros. 6.21; D. C. 53.25, 54.5.) There are several coins bearing the name of Carisius upon them, two specimens of which are given below. The former has on the obverse the head of a woman, and on the reverse a sphinx, with the inscription T. CARISIVS III. VIR: the latter has on the obverse the head of Augustus, with the inscription IMP. CAESAR AVGVST., and on the reverse the gate of a city, over which is inscribed IMIRITA, and around it the words P. CARISIVS LEG. PROPR. There is nothing in the former coin except the praenomen Titus to identify it with the subject of this article; but the latter one would appear to have been struck by the conqueror of the Astures, and perhaps Dio Cassius has made a mistake in calling him Titus. The word IMIRITA, which is also written
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Le'pida, Aemi'lia 1. The daughter of Paullus Aemilius Lepidus, consul B. C. 34 [LEPIDUS, No. 19] and Cornelia, was born in the censorship of her father, B. C. 22. (Propert. 4.11, 67.) Of her future history nothing is known.
of Brutus joining the remnants of the republican party with the Cretan troops, and sailing with them into the Ionian sea. He must subsequently have made his peace with the triumvirs, as we find him accompanying Octavian in his campaign against Sex. Pompey in Sicily in B. C. 36. In B. C. 34 he obtained the consulship, but only as consul suffectus, on the 1st of July, and dedicated the basilica Aemilia, which had been originally erected by his father [see p. 766], but which he had rebuilt. In B. C. 22 he was censor with L. Munatius Plancus, with whom he could not agree, and died while holding this dignity. Dio Cassius seems to have confounded him with his father in saying that the censor had been formerly proscribed; it is not impossible, however, that the son may have been proscribed along with his father, although no other writer mentions the fact. (Appian, App. BC 5.2; Suet. Octav. 16 D. C. 49.42, 54.2; Vell. 2.95 Propert. 4.11. 67.) The wife of Paullus Aemilius Lepidus was Corneli
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Marcellus Clau'dius 19. M. Claudius Marcellus Aesernjnus, M. F., consul in B. C. 22. (D. C. 54.1, and Arg.) Perhaps the same with the preceding. He married Asinia, the daughter of C. Asinius Pollio, who was consul in B. C. 40.
atruelis, and frater). Murena was sent by Augustus, in B. C. 25, to attack the Salassi in the Alps: he reduced the people to obedience, sold the male prisoners for slaves, and the chief part of the territory was distributed among Praetorian soldiers, who founded the town of Augusta, now Aosta, in the province of Aosta, one of the eight divisions of the continental dominion of the king of Sardinia (D. C. 53.25; Strab. p. 206, ed. Casaub.). Murena was named consul suffectus for B. C. 23. In B. C. 22 he was involved in the conspiracy of Fannius Caepio, and was condemned to death and executed, notwithstanding the intercession of Proculeius and Terentia, the sister of Murena. Dio Cassius (54.3), when speaking of the death of Murena, calls him Licinius Murena, though he had already (53.25) called him Terentius Varro. Such confusion is common enough with the Roman writers, when they are speaking of adopted persons. Horace (Hor. Carm. 2.10) addresses Murena by the name of Licinius, and proba
Petro'nius 6. C. Petronius, succeeded Aelius Gallus in the government of Egypt, carried on war in B. C. 22 against the Aethiopians, who had invaded Egypt under their queen Candace. Petronius not only drove back the Aethiopians, but took many of their principal towns. The details of the war are given under CANDACE (D. C. 54.5; Strab. xvii. p.820). Petronius was a friend of Herod, and sent corn to Judaea when the latter country was visited by a famine. (J. AJ 15.9.2.)
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