tral dominions by Achaeus. But Achaeus,
who exercised dominion throughout Asia on this side Taurus,
and had recently established his regal power, promised assistance;
and his attitude roused high hopes in the minds of the
Byzantines, and corresponding depression in those of the Rhodians and Prusias. Achaeus. Achaeus was a relation of
the Antiochus who had just succeeded to the
kingdom of Syria; and he became possessed of the dominion
I have mentioned through the following circumstances. B. C. 226.
After the death of Seleucus, father of the above-named
Antiochus, and the succession of his eldest son
Seleucus to the throne, Achaeus accompanied
the latter in an expedition over Mount Taurus, about two years
before the period of which we are speaking.Seleucus II. (Callinicus), B. C. 246-226. Seleucus III. (Ceraunus), B. C.
226-223. Antiochus the Great (son of Callinicus), B. C. 223-187. For as soon as
Seleucus the younger had succeeded to the kingdom he learnt
that Attalus had already redu
vances which he now made to Antiochus
were gladly received, and the affair was soon in the course of
being rapidly completed.
But I must make my readers acquainted with the position
of the royal family of Syria as I have already done with that
of Egypt; and in order to do so, I will go back to the
succession of Antiochus to the throne, and give a summary of
events from that point to the beginning of the war of which I
am to speak.
Antiochus was the younger son of Seleucus Callinicus; andB. C. 226.
on the death of his father, and the succession
in right of seniority of his brother Seleucus to
the throne, he at first removed to upper Asia and lived there.
B. C. 223. See 4, 48. But Seleucus having been
treacherously assassinated after crossing Mount Taurus with his army, as I have already related,
he succeeded to the throne himself; and made
Achaeus governor of Asia on this side Taurus,
Molon and his brother Alexander guardians of
his dominions in upper Asia,—Molon acting as Satrap of Me
medimni of corn for
their public games and sacrifices, and twenty thousand medimni
for victualling ten triremes. The greater part of these goods
was delivered at once, as well as a third of the whole of the
money named. Antigonus In a similar spirit Antigonus offered ten
thousand timbers, varying from sixteen to eight cubits in
length, to be used as purlins; five thousand
rafters seven cubits long; three thousand
talents of iron; a thousand talents of pitch; a thousand
amphorae of the same unboiled; and a hundred talents
of silver besides. His queen, Chryseis, also gave a hundred
thousand medimni of corn, and three thousand talents of
lead. Again Seleucus,Callinicus, ob. B. C. 226. This must refer to another case. father of Antiochus, besides granting
freedom from imports to Rhodians sailing to his dominions,
and besides giving ten quinqueremes fully equipped, and two
hundred thousand medimni of corn; gave also ten thousand
cubits of timber, and a thousand talents of resin and hair.