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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 8 8 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 3 3 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Polybius, Histories, book 2, Death of Agron of Illyria (search)
and all within a very brief interval. The unexpected disaster of the Aetolians, too, may teach all the world not to calculate on the future as though it were the actually existent, and not to reckon securely on what may still turn out quite otherwise, but to allow a certain margin to the unexpected. And as this is true everywhere and to every man, so is it especially true in war. When his galleys returned, and he heard from his officersDeath of Agron, who is succeeded by his wife Teuta, B. C. 231. the events of the expedition, King Agron was so beside himself with joy at the idea of having conquered the Aetolians, whose confidence in their own prowess had been extreme, that, giving himself over to excessive drinking and other similar indulgences, he was attacked by a pleurisy of which in a few days he died. His wife Teuta succeeded him on the throne; and managed the various details of administration by means of friends whom she could trust. But her woman's head had been turned by the
Polybius, Histories, book 2, Several Gallic Tribes Join Forces (search)
Several Gallic Tribes Join Forces Accordingly the two most extensive tribes, the Insubres B. C. 231 and Boii, joined in the despatch of messengers to the tribes living about the Alps and on the Rhone, who from a word which means "serving for hire," are called Gaesatae. To their kings Concolitanus and Aneroetes they offered a large sum of gold on the spot; and, for the future, pointed out to them the greatness of the wealth of Rome, and all the riches of which they would become possessed, if they took it. In these attempts to inflame their cupidity and induce them to join the expedition against Rome they easily succeeded. For they added to the above arguments pledges of their own alliance; and reminded them of the campaign of their own ancestors in which they had seized Rome itself, and had been masters of all it contained, as well as the city itself, for seven months; and had at last evacuated it of their own free will, and restored it by an act of free grace, returning unconquered a
Polybius, Histories, book 32, Scipio's Generosity to his Mother (search)
, and such implements for the sacrifice, which were carried in her train, were all of silver or gold on great occasions; and the number of maid-servants and other domestics that made up her train was in proportion to this splendour. All this establishment, immediately after Aemilia's funeral, Scipio presented to his own mother, who had long before been divorced by his father Lucius, and was badly off considering the splendour of her birth.She was the daughter of C. Papirius Carbo, Coss. B. C. 231. She had therefore in previous years refrained from taking part in grand public processions; but now; as there chanced to be an important state sacrifice, she appeared surrounded with all the splendour and wealth which had once been Aemilia's using among other things the same muleteers, pair of mules, and carriage. The ladies, therefore, who saw it were much impressed by the kindness and liberality of Scipio, and all raised their hands to heaven and prayed for blessings upon him. This act, in
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK XV. THE NATURAL HISTORY OF THE FRUIT-TREES., CHAP. 38.—THE MYRTLE USED AT ROME IN OVATIONS. (search)
ate to allow him to wear a wreath of laurel. who, on his victory over the fugitive slaves and Spartacus, made his entry crowned with laurels. Massurius informs us, also, that some generals, on the occasion of a triumph even, have worn a wreath of myrtle in the triumphal car. L. Piso states that Papirius Maso, who was the first to enjoy a triumph for a victory over the Marsi—it was on the Alban MountThe Senate refused him a triumph; and he accordingly celebrated one on the Alban Mount, B.C. 231. Paulus Diaconus says that his reason for wearing a myrtle crown was his victory over the Corsicans on the Myrtle Plains, though where they were, or what victory is alluded to, is not known.—was in the habit of attending at the games of the Circus, wearing a wreath of myrtle: he was the maternal grandfather of the second Scipio Africanus. Marcus ValeriusThe brother of Valerius Publicola. wore two wreaths, one of laurel, the other of myrtle; it was in consequence of a vow which he had made to
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CAMPUS MARTIUS (search)
rv. Ecl. i. 33 et al.). Audience was given here to foreign ambassadors who could not enter the city (Liv. xxx. 21. 12 ; xxxiii. 24. 5), and foreign cults were domiciled in temples erected here. We know certainly of only three other cult centres besides that of Mars in the campus Martius before the Punic wars-the ara Ditis et Proserpinae in Tarento, the Apollinare, an altar or grove, and the temple of Apollo which was built in 431 B.C., and the temple of Bellona built in 296 B.C. Between 231 and the battle of Actium at least fifteen other temples were erected, and more during the next century. The construction of the circus Flaminius in 221 B.C. marked an epoch in the history of the southern part of the campus, but there was no public building of any note in the campus Martius proper before the end of the republic, when Pompeius built the first stone theatre in Rome in 55 B.C. Caesar conceived the idea of changing the course of the Tiber by digging a new channel on the w
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FONS, DELUBRUM (search)
FONS, DELUBRUM a shrine dedicated in 231 B.C. by Cn. Papirius Maso from the booty that he had taken in Corsica (Cic. de nat. deor. iii. 52). Its site was probably just outside the porta Fontinalis in the extreme southern part of the campus Martius (cf. a fragment of the calendar found on the Esquiline in 1894, CIL vi. 32493, pr. Id. Oct.: This date is incorrect; other calendars record the Fontinalia on the 13th (cf. Fast. Ant. in NS 1921, 116). Fonti extra p . . ., probably to be completed portam Fontinalem, and Fest. 85: Fontinalia fontium sacra unde et Romae Fontinalis porta; HJ 483-484; RE vi. 2839; DE iii. 181).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
559. 260(after). Columnae of Duilius, 134. Temple of Janus in Foro Holitorio, 277. 259of Tempestates, 511. 255Columna rostrata of M. Aemilius Paullus, 134. 254 or 250Temple of Fides on Capitol, 209. 241Temple of Vesta burnt, 557. Statue of Janus brought from Falerii, 280. Temple of Minerva Capta (?), 344. 241-220Institution of the Argei, 51. 240 (238)Temple of Flora, 209. 238Clivus Publicius built and paved, 124. Temple of Iuppiter Libertas on Aventine, 297. 234of Honos, 258. 231Shrine of Fons, 210. 221Circus Flaminius, 111. 220 (ca.)Temple of Hercules Custos in Circus Flaminius, 252. Via Flaminia, 562. 217of Concord on Arx, 54, I137. Temples of Mens and Venus Erucina vowed (dedicated 215), 339, 551. 214Atrium Publicum struck by lightning, 57. 213Temple of Mater Matuta burnt and restored, 330. of Fortuna in Forum Boarium burnt and rebuilt, 214. of Spes burnt and restored, 493. 210Forum Piscarium burnt and rebuilt, 230. Macellum burnt and rebuilt, 3
country. When the Aetolians attempted to compel the Medionians to join their confederacy, Agron undertook to protect them, having been induced to do so by a large bribe which he received from Demetrius, the father of Philip. He accordingly sent to their assistance a force of 5000 Illyrians, who gained a decisive victory over the Aetolians. Agron, overjoyed at the news of this success, gave himself up to feasting, and, in consequence of his excess, contracted a pleurisy, of which he died. (B. C. 231.) He was succeeded in the government by his wife Teuta. Just after his death, an embassy arrived from the Romans, who had sent to mediate in behalf of the inhabitants of the island of Issa, who had revolted from Agron and placed themselves under the protection of the Romans. By his first wife, Triteuta, whom he divorced, he had a son named Pinnes, or Pinneus, who survived him, and was placed under the guardianship of Demetrius Pharius, who married his mother after the death of Teuta. (D.
Maso 2. C. Papirius Maso, C. F. L. N., consul with M. Pomponius Matho in B. C. 231, carried on war against the Corsicans, whom he subdued, though not without considerable loss. The senate refused him a triumph, and he accordingly celebrated one on the Alban mount. It was the first time that this was ever done, and the example thus set was frequently followed by subsequent generals, when they considered themselves entitled to a triumph, but were refused the honour by the senate. It is related of Maso, that he always wore a myrtle crown instead of a laurel one, when he was present at the games of the Circus; and Paulus Diaconus gives as the reason for his doing so, that he conquered the Corsicans in the " Myrtle Plains," Myrtei Campi. (Zonar. 8.18. p. 401; Fasti Capitol.; Plin. Nat. 15.29. s. 38; V. Max. 3.6.5; Paul. Diac. p. 144, ed. Müller) From the booty obtained in Corsica, Maso dedicated a temple of Fons. (Cic. de Nat. Deor. 3.20.) He was one of the pontifices, and died in B. C. 2
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Matho, Pompo'nius 2. M. Pomponius Matho, M'. F. M'. N., brother of the preceding, consul B. C. 231 with C. Papirius Maso, was also engaged in war against the Sardinians, and employed dogs which he procured from Italy to hunt out the inhabitants, who had taken refuge in woods and caves. (Zonar. 8.18, p. 401.) For the same reasons which have been mentioned above, in the case of his brother, we believe that he is the same as the M. Pomponius, who, Livy tells us (22.7), was praetor in B. C. 217, the second year of the war with Hannibal. Maso died in B. C. 204, at which time he was both augur and decemvir sacrorum. (Liv. 29.38.)
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