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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 8 8 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 3 3 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 231 BC or search for 231 BC in all documents.

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country. When the Aetolians attempted to compel the Medionians to join their confederacy, Agron undertook to protect them, having been induced to do so by a large bribe which he received from Demetrius, the father of Philip. He accordingly sent to their assistance a force of 5000 Illyrians, who gained a decisive victory over the Aetolians. Agron, overjoyed at the news of this success, gave himself up to feasting, and, in consequence of his excess, contracted a pleurisy, of which he died. (B. C. 231.) He was succeeded in the government by his wife Teuta. Just after his death, an embassy arrived from the Romans, who had sent to mediate in behalf of the inhabitants of the island of Issa, who had revolted from Agron and placed themselves under the protection of the Romans. By his first wife, Triteuta, whom he divorced, he had a son named Pinnes, or Pinneus, who survived him, and was placed under the guardianship of Demetrius Pharius, who married his mother after the death of Teuta. (D.
Maso 2. C. Papirius Maso, C. F. L. N., consul with M. Pomponius Matho in B. C. 231, carried on war against the Corsicans, whom he subdued, though not without considerable loss. The senate refused him a triumph, and he accordingly celebrated one on the Alban mount. It was the first time that this was ever done, and the example thus set was frequently followed by subsequent generals, when they considered themselves entitled to a triumph, but were refused the honour by the senate. It is related of Maso, that he always wore a myrtle crown instead of a laurel one, when he was present at the games of the Circus; and Paulus Diaconus gives as the reason for his doing so, that he conquered the Corsicans in the " Myrtle Plains," Myrtei Campi. (Zonar. 8.18. p. 401; Fasti Capitol.; Plin. Nat. 15.29. s. 38; V. Max. 3.6.5; Paul. Diac. p. 144, ed. Müller) From the booty obtained in Corsica, Maso dedicated a temple of Fons. (Cic. de Nat. Deor. 3.20.) He was one of the pontifices, and died in B. C. 2
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Matho, Pompo'nius 2. M. Pomponius Matho, M'. F. M'. N., brother of the preceding, consul B. C. 231 with C. Papirius Maso, was also engaged in war against the Sardinians, and employed dogs which he procured from Italy to hunt out the inhabitants, who had taken refuge in woods and caves. (Zonar. 8.18, p. 401.) For the same reasons which have been mentioned above, in the case of his brother, we believe that he is the same as the M. Pomponius, who, Livy tells us (22.7), was praetor in B. C. 217, the second year of the war with Hannibal. Maso died in B. C. 204, at which time he was both augur and decemvir sacrorum. (Liv. 29.38.)
y of Varro, about his serving in the first Punic war, which began in 264 B. C., and lasted twenty-four years. The first literary attempts of Naevius were in the drama, then recently introduced at Rome by Livius Andronicus. According to Gellius, in the passage just cited, Naevius produced his first play in the year of Rome 519, or B. C. 235. Gellius, however, makes this event coincident with the divorce of a certain Carvilius Ruga, which, in another passage (4.3) he places four years later (B. C. 231), but mentions wrong consuls. Dionysius (2.25) also fixes the divorce of Carvilius at the latter date; Valerius Maximus (2.1) in B. C. 234. These variations are too slight to be of much importance Naevius was attached to the plebeian party; an opponent of the nobility, and inimical to the innovations then making in the national literature. These feelings he shared with Cato; and, though the great censor was considerably his junior, it is probable, as indeed we may infer from Cicero's Cato
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Aemi'lius Macedonicus (search)
er, since he had no other son left to carry his name down to posterity. In B. C. 164 Paulus was censor with Q. Marcius Philippus, and died in B. C. 160, after a long and tedious illness. The fortune he left behind him was so small as scarcely to be sufficient to pay his wife's dowry. The "Adelphi" of Terence was brought out at the funeral games exhibited in honour of Aemilius Paulus. Aemilius Paulus was married twice. By his first wife, Papiria, the daughter of C. Papirius Maso, consul B. C. 231, he had four children, who are given in the preceding stemma. He afterwards divorced Papiria; and by his second wife, whose name is not mentioned, he had two sons, whose death has been mentioned above, and a daughter, who was a child at the time that her father was elected to his second consulship. [AEMILIA, No. 3.] (Plutarch, Life of Aemilius Paulus ; Liv. 34.45, 35.10, 24, 36.2, 37.46, 57. 39.56, 40.25-28, 34, 44.17--45.41, Epit. 46; Polyb. xxix.--xxxii.; Aur. Vict. de Vir. Ill. 56; V. M
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Pinnes, Pinneus or PINEUS, was the son of Agron, king of Illyria, by his first wife, Triteuta. At the death of Agron (B. C. 231), Pinnes, who was then a child, was left in the guardianship of his step-mother Teuta, whom Agron had married after divorcing Triteuta. When Teuta was defeated by the Romans, the care of Pinnes devolved upon Demetrius of Pharos, who had received from the Romans a great part of the dominions of Teuta, and had likewise married Tritenta, the mother of Pinnes. Demetrius was in his turn tempted to try his fortune against Rome, but was quickly crushed by the consul, L. Aemilius Paulus, B. C. 219, and was obliged to fly for refuge to Philip, king of Macedonia. The Romans placed Pinnes upon the throne, but imposed a tribute, which we read of their sending for in B. C. 216. (D. C. 34.46, 151 ; Appian, App. Ill. 7, 8; Flor. 2.5; Liv. 22.33.) [AGRON; DEMETRIUS of PHAROS; TEUTA.]
Teuta (*Teu=ta), wife of Agron, king of the Illyrians, assumed the sovereign power on the death of her husband, B. C. 231. Elated by the successes recently obtained by the Illyrian arms [AGRON], she gave free scope to the piratical expeditions of her subjects, while she herself fitted out an armament which attacked the coast of Epeirus, while Scerdilaidas, with an army of 5000 men, invaded that country by land, and reduced the wealthy city of Phoenice. An invasion of the Dardanians soon compelled her to recal her forces: but she had meanwhile provoked a more dangerous enemy. The injuries inflicted by the Illyrian pirates upon the Italian merchants had at length attracted the attention of the Roman senate, who sent two ambassadors, C. and L. Coruncanius, to demand satisfaction. But the haughty language of these deputies gave such offence to the Illyrian queen, that she not only refused to comply with their demands, but caused the younger of the two brothers to be assassinated on his w
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
o. 3 and brother of No. 5, was consul for the first time in B. C. 235 with C. Atilius Bulbus, in which year he conquered the Sardinians, and obtained in consequence a triumph. His first consulship was memorable from the circumstance that the temple of Janus was closed in this year, in consequence of the Romans enjoying universal peace, which is said not to have occurred before since the reign of Numa Pompilius. (Eutrop. 3.3; Liv. 23.34; Vell. 2.38; Oros. 4.12; Liv. 1.19; Plut. Num. 20.) In B. C. 231 Torquatus was elected censor with Q. Fulvius Flaccus, but was obliged to resign through some unfavourable symptom in the auspices. (Fasti Capit.) In B. C. 224 he was consul a second time with Q. Fulvius Flaccus, and along with his colleagues carried on the war with success against the Gauls in the north of Italy. These consuls were the first Roman generals who crossed the Po. (Plb. 2.31 ; Liv. Epit. 20 ; Oros. 4.13.) This Torquatus possessed the hereditary sternness and severity of his fam