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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 6 6 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 233 BC or search for 233 BC in all documents.

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Aristyllus (*)Ari/stullos), a Greek astronomer, who appears to have lived about B. C. 233. (Plut. de Pyth. Orac. 18.) He wrote a work on the fixed stars (thrh/sis a)planw=n), which was used by Hipparchus and Ptolemy Magn. Synt. 7.2), and he is undo btedly one of the two persons of this name who vote commentaries on Aratus, which are now [L.
ue and the fame attained by Aratus as its leader, led him to form projects more worthy of his ambition; and after the fall of Aristippus, tyrant of Argos, instead of waiting till he should be attacked in his turn, he determined voluntarily to abdicate the sovereignty, and permit Megalopolis to join the Achaean league as a free state. This generous resolution was rewarded by the Achaeans by the election of Lydiades to be strategus or commander-in-chief of the confederacy the following year, B. C. 233. (Concerning the date see Droysen, vol. ii. p. 438.) His desire of fame, and wish to distinguish the year of his command by some brilliant exploit, led him to project an expedition against Sparta, which was, however, opposed by Aratus, who is said to have already begun to be jealous of his favour and reputation. Lydiades, indeed, threatened to prove a formidable rival; he quickly rose to such consideration in the league as to be deemed second only to Aratus himself, and notwithstanding the
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Matho, Pompo'nius 1. M'. Pomponius Matho, M'. F. M'. N., consul B. C. 233, with Q. Fabius Maximus Verrucossus, carried on war against the Sardinians, and obtained a triumph in consequence of his victory over them. (Zonar. 8.18, p. 401.) The reduction of the Sardinians, however, must have been incomplete, as we find Matho's brother engaged against them two years afterwards, with a consular army. [See below, No. 2.] In B. C. 217 he was magister equitum to the dictator, L. Veturius Philo, and was elected praetor for the following year, B. C. 216. There seems no reason for believing that the M'. Pomponius Matho, praetor of this year, was a different person from the consul of B. C. 233, as the Romans were now at war with Hannibal, and were therefore anxious to appoint to the great offices of the state generals who had had experience in war. The lot, however, did not give to Matho any military command, but the jurisdictio inter cives Romanos et peregrinos. After news had been received of
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ma'ximus, Fa'bius 4. Q. Fabius Maximus, Q. F. Q. N., with the agnomens VERRUCOSUs, from a wart on his upper lip, OVICULA, or the Lamb, from the mildness or apathy of his temper (Plut. Fab. 1; comp. Varr. R. R. 2.11). and CUNCTATOR, from his caution in war, grandson of Fabius Gurges, and, perhaps, son of the preceding, was consul for the first time in B. C. 233. Liguria was his province, and it afforded him a triumph (Fasti) and a pretext for de.licating a temple to Honour. (Cic. de Nat. Deor. 2.23.) He was censor in B. C. 230; consul a second time in 228; opposed the agrarian law of C. Flaminius in 227 [FLAMINIUS, No. 1]; was dictator for holding the comitia in 221, and in 218 legatus from the senate to Carthage, to demand reparation for the attack on Saguntnm. In . 100.217, immediately after the defeat at Thrasymenus, Fabius was appointed dictator, or rather, since no consul was at hahd to nominate him, pro-dictator. From this period, so long as the war with Hanni bal was merely def
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
nia Gens plebeian. Towards the end of the republic the Pomponii, like other Roman gentes, traced their origin to the remote times of the Roman state. They pretended to be descended from Pompo, one of the alleged sons of Numa (Plut. Num. 21); and they accordingly placed the image of this king upon their coins. In the earliest times the Pomponii were not distinguished by any surname; and the only family that rose to importance in the time of the republic was that of MATHO ; the first member of which who obtained the consulship was M. Pomponius Matho in B. C. 233. On coins we also find the cognomens MOLO, MUSA and RUFUS, but these surnames do not occur in ancient writers. The other cognomens in the time of the republic, such as ATTICUS, were not family names, but were rather descriptive of particular individuals. An alphabetical list of them is given below, as well as of the cognomens in the imperial period, which were rather numerous. (Comp. Drumann, Geschichte Roms, vol. v. p. 1, &c.)