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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 5 5 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Polybius, Histories, book 2, War with Insubres and Boii and Gaesatae (search)
War with Insubres and Boii and Gaesatae After these defeats the Gauls maintained an unbroken B. C. 236. peace with Rome for forty-five years. But when the generation which had witnessed the actual struggle had passed away, and a younger generation of men had taken their places, filled with unreflecting hardihood, and who had neither experienced nor seen any suffering or reverse, they began, as was natural, to disturb the settlement; and on the one hand to let trifling causes exasperate them against Rome, and on the other to invite the Alpine Gauls to join the fray. At first these intrigues were carried on by their chiefs without the knowledge of the tribesmen; and accordingly, when an armed host of Transalpine Gauls arrived at Ariminum, the Boii were suspicious; and forming a conspiracy against their own leaders, as well as against the new-comers, they put their own two kings Atis and Galatus to death, and cut each other to pieces in a pitched battle. Just then the Romans, alarmed a
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
r to Agis, but superior to him in energy, and less scrupulous about the means by which his good designs might be accomplished. His mind was further stirred up to manliness and ambition by the instructions of the Stoic philosopher Sphaerus of Borysthenes, who visited Sparta. To this was added the influence of his mother Cratesicleia. It was not long, therefore, before Cleomenes had formed the design of restoring the ancient Spartan discipline, and the death of his father, whom he succeeded (B. C. 236), put him in a position to attempt his projected reform; but he saw that careful preparations must first be made, and that Sparta was not to be restored by the means which Agis had employed. Instead of repeating the vain attempt of Agis to form a popular party against the Ephors, the impossibility of which was proved by the refusal of Xenares, one of his most intimate friends, to aid his efforts, he perceived that the regeneration of Sparta must be achieved by restoring to her her old reno
Gli'cia or GLY'CIAS, M. CLAU'DIUS, a freedman of P. Claudius Pulcher [CLAUDIUS, No. 13], to whom he was clerk or messenger. When Claudius, after his defeat at Drepana, B. C. 249, was cited by the senate to answer for his misconduct, and commanded to appoint a dictator, he nominated Glicia. (Suet. Tib. 2.) The appointment was, however, instantly cancelled, even before Glicia had named his master of the equites. (Fasti. Capit.) His disgrace did not prevent Glicia from appearing at the Great Games in his pretexta as if he had been really dictator. (Liv. Epit. xix.) Glicia was afterwards legatus in Corsica, to the consul C. Licinias Varus, B. C. 236. where, presuming to treat with the Corsicans without orders from the senate or the consul, he was first delivered up to the enemy as solely responsible for the treaty, and, on their refusal to punish him, was put to death at Rome. (Dio Cass. fr. 45; Zonar. viii. p. 400. B; V. Max. 6.3. 3; Comp. Grot. de Jur. Bell. et Pac. 2.21.4.) [W.B.D]
Lentulus 7. P. CORNELIUS TIB. N. LENTULUS CAUDINUS, L. F., brother of the last, consul in B. C. 236. (Fasti, A. U. 517; Vaill. Cornelii, No. 19; Spanh. Num. vol. ii. p. 220.)
estoration (B. C. 240), he listened to the entreaties of Cheilonis, and spared the life of her husband, Cleombrotus, contenting himself with his banishment; but he caused Agis to be put to death, though he owed his own life to the protection he had afforded him in his flight to Tegea. Archidamus, the brother of Agis, fled from Sparta: Agiatis, his widow, was forced by Leonidas into a marriage with his son, Cleomenes; and it seems doubtful whether the child Eurydamidas, her son by Agis, was allowed to bear the name of king. At any rate the whole of the royal power (such as it was, in a selfish oligarchy, of which he was the tool) remained with Leonidas; and Plutarch tells us that he utterly neglected public affairs, caring for nothing but a life of ease and luxury. He died about B. C. 236, and was succeeded by his son, Cleomenes III. (Plut. Agis, 3, 7, 10-12, 16-21, Cleom. 1-3; Paus. 3.6; Clinton, F. H. vol. ii. p. 217; Droysen, Hellenismus, vol. ii. pp. 295, 296, 384, &c., 445.) [E.E]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Varus, C. Lick'nius P. F. P. N. (Fasti Capit.), was consul B. C. 236 with P. Cornelius Lentulus Caudinus. Varus and his colleague marched into northern Italy in order to oppose the Transalpine Gauls, who had crossed the Alps; and when this danger was averted by the quarrels of the Gauls amongst themselves, Varus was ordered to reduce the Corsicans to subjection. The consul sent to the island his legate M. Claudius Glicia, intending to follow shortly afterwards. Glicia concluded a peace with the Corsicans on his own authority; but Varus, on his arrival in the island, refused to acknowledge it, and made war upon the Corsicans till he compelled them to surrender at discretion. (Zonar. 8.18, p. 400; Liv. Epit. 50; see GLICIA.) Probably this Licinius is the same as the C. Licinius, who was sent to Carthage in B. 218 with four other ambassadors, all of whom were advanced in life. (Liv. 21.18.)
65 15/16 Rough nut = one and one-half diameter of bolt + 1/8.Rough head = one and one-half diameter of bolt + 1/8. Finished nut = one and one-half diameter of bolt + 1/16.Finished head = one and one-half diameter of bolt + 1/16. Rough nut = diameter of bolt.Rough head = one-half distance between parallel sides of head. Finished nut = diameter of bolt — 1/16.Finished head = diameter of bolt — 1/16. 2. (Hydraulics.) The first screw may have been the water-screw of Archimedes, about 236 B. C. The Egyptians have an easy way to water the land by means of a certain engine invented by Archimedes, the Syracusan, which, from its form, is called cochlea. — Diodorus Siculus (60 B. C.). It is believed that Archimedes designed the wheel to be moved by the current of the Nile, and it is certainly capable of being moved by a current of sufficient speed, or one deflected by wing dams to act upon the floats of the wheel. Extending through the inclined shaft is a spiral passage, w<