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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 22 22 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 5-7 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Oedipus at Colonus 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Appian, Punic Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER I (search)
made war against the Carthaginians in a very formidable manner. The latter appealed to the Romans for aid on the score of friendship, and the Romans allowed them for this war only to hire mercenaries in Italy, for even that had been forbidden in the treaty. Nevertheless they sent men to act as mediators between them. The Africans refused the mediation, but offered to become subjects of the Romans if they would take them. Y.R. 514 The latter would not accept them. Then the Carthaginians B.C. 240 blockaded the towns with a great fleet, and cut off their supplies from the sea, and as the land was untilled in consequence of the war they overcame the Africans by the famine, but were driven to supply their own wants by piracy, even taking some Roman ships, killing the crews, and throwing them overboard to conceal the crime. This Y.R. 516 escaped notice for a long time. When the facts became B.C. 238 known and the Carthaginians were called to account they put off the day of reckoning until
Polybius, Histories, book 1, Gesco and His Staff Arrested (search)
. They therefore co-operated with the mass of the men in their reckless outrages; plundered the baggage of the Carthaginians along with their money; manacled Gesco and his staff with every mark of insolent violence, and committed them into custody. Thenceforth they were at open war with Carthage, having bound themselves together by oaths which were at once impious and contrary to the principles universally received among mankind. This was the origin and beginning of the mercenary, or, asB.C. 240. it is also called, the Libyan war. Mathōs lost no time after this outrage in sending emissaries to the various cities in Libya, urging them to assert their freedom, and begging them to come to their aid and join them in their undertaking. The appeal was successful: nearly all the cities in Libya readily listened to the proposal that they should revolt against Carthage, and were soon zealously engaged in sending them supplies and reinforcements. They therefore divided themselves into two part
Polybius, Histories, book 5, Sosibius Plots Against Cleomenes (search)
d accordingly when Cleomenes subsequently gave Archidamus some expectation of being restored to his city, and composing their quarrels, Nicagoras devoted himself to conducting the negotiation and settling the terms of their compact. These being ratified, Archelaus returned to Sparta relying on the treaty made by the agency of Nicagoras. But as soon as he met him, Cleomenes assassinated Archidamus,Archidamus was the brother of Agis, the king of the other line, who had been assassinated in B.C. 240. Plutarch, Cleom. 5, probably on the authority of Phylarchus, represents the murder of Archidamus as not the work of Cleomenes, but of the same party that had murdered Agis and feared the vengeance of his brother. (See Thirlwall, 8, p. 158, who agrees with Plutarch.) sparing however Nicagoras and his companions. To the outside world Nicagoras pretended to be under an obligation to Cleomenes for saving his life; but in heart he was exceedingly incensed at what had happened, because he had the
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK XXXIII. THE NATURAL HISTORY OF METALS., CHAP. 58.—TWO REMEDIES DERIVED FROM CÆRULEUM. (search)
e copying from nature, is mentioned in B. xxxvi. c. 4. His five Books on the most celebrated works of sculpture and chasing were looked upon as a high authority in art. He was also the head of a school of artists. who wrote on Wonderful Works, AntigonusA writer on painting of this name is mentioned by Diogenes Laertius, B. vii. c. 12. He is probably the same as the person here mentioned, and identical with the Greek sculptor mentioned by Pliny in B. xxxiv. c. 19, who probably flourished about 240 B.C. The Toreutic Art, "Toreutice," was the art of making raised work in silver or bronze, either by graving or casting: but the exact meaning of the word is somewhat uncertain. who wrote on the Toreutic art, MenæchmusMenæchmus of Sievon, probably; see end of B. iv., also B. xxxiv. c. 19. who did the same, XenocratesIf he is really a different person from the Xenocrates mentioned above, nothing is known of him. who did the same, DurisSee end of B. vii. who did the same, MenanderPossibly on
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 7 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.), chapter 2 (search)
layer; they no longer —as before —alternately threw off rude lines hastily improvised, like the Fescennines,The name was derived by the ancients either from Fescennia, a place in Etruria, or from fascinum, a phallic symbol. but performed medleys, full of musical measures, to melodies which were now written out to go with the flute, and with appropriate gesticulation. LiviusLivius Andronicus, a Greek captured at Tarentum, produced the first translation of a Greek play into Latin, in 240 B.C. was the first, some years later, to abandonB.C. 364 saturae and compose a play with a plot. Like everyone else in those days, he acted his own pieces; and the story goes that when his voice, owing to the frequent demands made upon it, had lost its freshness, he asked and obtained the indulgence to let a boy stand before the flautist to sing the monody, while he acted it himself, with a vivacity of gesture that gained considerably from his not having to use his voice. From tha
Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Oedipus at Colonus, section 15 (search)
y," and this ground was called the "stay" or "support" (e)/reisma) of Athens, partly in the physical sense of "firm basis," partly also with the notion that the land had a safeguard in the benevolence of those powers to whose nether realm the "threshold" led. Evidence from Istros.This view is more than a conjecture; it can be supported by ancient authority. Istros, a native of Cyrene, was first the slave, then the disciple and friend, of the Alexandrian poet Callimachus; he lived, then, about 240 B.C., or less than 170 years after the death of SophoclesMüller, Fragm. Hist. I., lxxxv., 418.. He is reckoned among the authors of Atthides, having written, among other things, a work entitled *)attika/, in at least sixteen books. In the later Alexandrian age he was one of the chief authorities on Attic topography; and he is quoted six times in the ancient scholia on the Oedipus Coloneus. One of these quotations has not (so far as I know) been noticed in its bearing on the point now under di
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
. Anio Vetus begun, 12. 268Temple of Tellus vowed, 511. 267of Pales, 38x. 264of Vortumnus, 584. Via Appia prolonged to Brundusium, 559. 260(after). Columnae of Duilius, 134. Temple of Janus in Foro Holitorio, 277. 259of Tempestates, 511. 255Columna rostrata of M. Aemilius Paullus, 134. 254 or 250Temple of Fides on Capitol, 209. 241Temple of Vesta burnt, 557. Statue of Janus brought from Falerii, 280. Temple of Minerva Capta (?), 344. 241-220Institution of the Argei, 51. 240 (238)Temple of Flora, 209. 238Clivus Publicius built and paved, 124. Temple of Iuppiter Libertas on Aventine, 297. 234of Honos, 258. 231Shrine of Fons, 210. 221Circus Flaminius, 111. 220 (ca.)Temple of Hercules Custos in Circus Flaminius, 252. Via Flaminia, 562. 217of Concord on Arx, 54, I137. Temples of Mens and Venus Erucina vowed (dedicated 215), 339, 551. 214Atrium Publicum struck by lightning, 57. 213Temple of Mater Matuta burnt and restored, 330. of Fortuna in Forum Boarium
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
his master, but was afterwards restored to freedom, and received from his patron the Roman name Livius. (Hieron. in Euseb. Chron. ad Ol. 148.) Andronicus is said to have died in B. C. 221, and cannot have lived beyond B. C. 214. (Osann, Anal. Crit. p. 28.) Dramatic works During his stay at Rome, Andronicus made himself a perfect master of the Latin language, and appears to have exerted himself chiefly in creating a taste for regular dramatic representations. His first drama was acted in B. C. 240, in the consulship of C. Claudius and M. Tuditanus (Cic. Brut. 18, comp. Tusc. Quaest. 1.1, de Senect. 14; Liv. 7.2; Gellius, 17.21); but whether it was a tragedy or a comedy is uncertain. That he wrote comedies as well as tragedies, is attested beyond all doubt. (Diomedes, iii. p. 486; Flavius Vopisc. Numerian, 13; the author of the work de Comoed. et Trag.) The number of his dramas was considerable, and we still possess the titles and fragments of at least fourteen. The subjects of them
Archidameia 2. The grandmother of Agis IV., was put to death, together with her grandson, in B. C. 240. (Plut. Agis 4, 20.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Archida'mus V. king of Sparta, 27th of the Eurypontids, was the son of Eudamidas II., and the brother of Agis IV. On the murder of his brother Agis, in B. C. 240, Archidamus fled from Sparta, but obtained possession of the throne some time after the accession of Cleomenes, through the means of Aratus, who wished to weaken the power of the Ephors : it appears that also was privy to his recall. Archidamus was, however, slain almost immediately after his return to Sparta, by those who had killed his brother and who dreaded his vengeance. It isdoubtful whether Cleomenes was a party to the murder. (Plut. Cleom. 1, 5; comp. Plb. 5.37, 8.1.) Archidamus V. was the last king of the Eurypontid race. He left sons, who were alive at the death of Cleomenes in B. C. 220, but they were passed over, and the crown given to a stranger, Lycurgus. (Plb. 4.35; Clinton, F. H. ii. Append. 100.3.)
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