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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 12 12 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 247 BC or search for 247 BC in all documents.

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Asmmo'nius (*)Ammw/nios) LITHO'TOMUS, an eminent surgeon of Alexandria, mentioned by Celsus (De Med. vii. Praef. p. 137), whose exact date is not known, but who probably lived in the reign of Ptolemy Philadelphus, B. C. 283-247, as his name occurs in Celsus together with those of several other surgeons who lived at that time. He is chiefly celebrated for having been the tist person who thought of breaking a stone within the bladder when too large for extraction entire; on which account he received the cognomen of liqoto/mos. An account of his mode of operation, as described by Celsus (De Med. 7.26, p. 161), is given in the Dict. of Ant. p. 220. Some medical preparations used by a physician of the same name occur also in Aetius and Paulus Aegineta, but whether they all belong to the same person is uncertain. [W.A.
Anti'genes 2. One of the followers of Cleophantus, who must have lived about the middle of the third century B. C., as Mnemon, one of his fellow-pupils, is known to have lived in the reign of Ptolemy Euergetes, B. C. 247-222. [CLEOPHANTUS ; MNEMON.] One of his works is quoted by Caelius Aurelianus (De Morb. Acut. 2.10, p. 46), and he is probably the physician mentioned by Galen (Comment. in Hippocr. " De Nat. Horn." 2.6, vol. xv. p. 136), together with several others who lived about that time, as being celebrated anatomists.
Bereni'ce 2. Daughter of Ptolemy Philadelphus, became the wife of Antiochus Theos, king of Syria, according to the terms of the treaty between him and Ptolemy, B. C. 249, which required him to divorce Laodice and marry the Egyptian princess, establishing also the issue of the latter as his successors. On the death, however, of Ptolemy, B. C. 247, Antiochus put Berenice away and recalled Laodice, who notwithstanding, having no faith in his constancy, caused him to be poisoned. Berenice fled in alarm to Daphne with her son, where being besieged they fell into the hands of Laodice's partizans, and were murdered with all their Egyptian attendants, the forces of the Asiatic cities and of Ptolemy Euergetes (brother of Berenice) arriving only in time to avenge them. These events are prophetically referred to by Daniel in the clearest manner. (Polyb. Fragm. Hist. 54, 5.58, ad fin.; Athen. 2.45c.; Just. 27.1; Polyaen. 8.50; Appian, App. Syr. 65, p. 130; Dan. 11.6, and Hieron. ad loc.
Bu'teo 1. N. Fabius Buteo, M. F. M. N., consul B. C. 247, in the first Punic war, was employed in the siege of Drepanum. In 224 he was magister equitum to the dictator L. Caecilius Metellus. (Zonar. 8.16; Fast. Capit.)
in India, their bishops, priests, &c. But the most curious and interesting piece of antiquarian information relates to that celebrated monument of antiquity which was placed at the entrance of the city Adulite, consisting of a royal seat of white marble consecrated to Mars, with the images of Hercules and Mercury sculptured upon it. On every side of this monument Greek letters were written, and an ample inscription had been added, as has been generally supposed, by Ptolemy II. Euergetes (B. C. 247-222). This was copied by Cosmas, and is given, with notes, in the second book of the Topography. It appears, however, from the researches of Mr. Salt, that Cosmas has made two different inscriptions into one, and that while the first part refers to Ptolemy Euergetes, the second relates to some Ethiopian king, whose conquests are commemorated on the inscription. The author also inserts in the work, in illustration of his sentiments, astronomical figures and tables. We meet too with several
d to signify "lightning." (Gesenius, Ling. Phoenic. Monum. p. 403.) It was merely a personal appellation, and is not to be regarded as a family name, though from the great distinction that he obtained, we often find the name of Barcine applied either to his family or his party in the state. (Niebuhr, Lect. on Rom. Hist. vol. i. p. 134, not.) We know nothing of him previous to his appointment to the command of the Carthaginian forces in Sicily, in the eighteenth year of the first Punic War, B. C. 247. He was at this time quite a young man (ad modum adolescentulus, Corn. Nep. Hamilc. 1), but had already given proofs of his abilities in war, which led to his being named as the successor of Carthalo. His first operations fully justified the choice, and were characterised by the same energy and daring as distinguished the whole of his subsequent career. At the time that he arrived in Sicily the Romans were masters of the whole island, with the exception of the two fortresses of Drepanum an
Ha'nnibal 10. Son of Hamilcar Barca, and one of the most illustrious generals of antiquity. The year of his birth is not mentioned by any ancient writer, but from the statements concerning his age at the battle of Zama, it appears that he must have been born in B. C. 247, the very year in which his father Hamilcar was first appointed to the command in Sicily. (Clinton, F. H. vol. iii. pp. 20, 52; but compare Niebuhr, Lect. on Rom. Hist. vol. i. p. 158.) He was only nine years old when his father took him with him into Spain, and it was on this occasion that Hamilcar made him swear upon the altar eternal hostility to Rome. The story was told by Hannibal himself many years afterwards to Antiochus, and is one of the best attested in ancient history. (Plb. 3.11; Liv. 21.1, 35.19; Corn. Nep. Hann. 2; Appian, App. Hisp. 9; V. Max. 9.3, ext. § 3.) Child as he then was, Hannibal never forgot his vow, and his whole life was one continual struggle against the power and domination of Rome. He w
a great number of his troops, and captured all his elephants, which he afterwards exhibited in his triumph at Rome. This victory established the Roman supremacy in Sicily, and may be said to have had a decisive influence on the fate of the war. (Plb. 1.39, 40; Flor. 2.2.27; Eutrop. 2.24; Oros. 4.9; Frontin. Strateg. 2.5.4; Cic. de Rep. 1.1; Liv. Epit. 19; Plin. Nat. 7.43. s. 45; Dionys. A. R. 2.66.) In B. C. 249, Metellus was magister equitum to the dictator A. Atilius Calatinus, and in B. C. 247 consul a second time with N. Fabius Buteo, but nothing of importance took place during this year. Four years afterwards (B. C. 243) he was elected pontifex maximus, and held this dignity for twenty-two years. He must, therefore, have died shortly before the commencement of the second Punic war, B. C. 221. An act of Metellus during his highpriesthood is recorded by the historians. In B. C. 241 he rescued the Palladium when the temple of Vesta was on fire, but lost his sight in consequence:
to the conclusion that the latter Nymphis was a different person from the historian, more especially as Memnon, in the former case, expressly distinguishes Nymphis by the epithet o( i(storiko/s. Works Nymphis was the author of three works, which are referred to by the ancient writers: -- 1. *Peri\ *)Aleca/ndrou kai\ tw=n *Diado/xwn kai\ *)Epigo/nwn, concerning Alexander, his successors, and their descendants In twenty-four books. This work ended at the accession of the third Ptolemy, B. C. 247. (Suid. s. v. *Nu/mfis; Aelian, Ael. NA 17.3.) 2. *Peri\ *(Hraklei/as In thirteen books, gave the history of his native city to the overthrow of the tyrants in B. C. 281. (Suid. l.c.; Athen. xii. pp. 536, a. 549, a. xiv. p. 619e.; Schol. ad Apoll. Rhod. 2.650, 729, 752, 4.247; Steph. Byz. s. v. *(/upios, fri/cos; Plut. Moral. p. 248d.; Schol. ad Aristoph. Av. 874.). 3. *Peri/plous *)Asi/as. (Athen. 13.596e.) Editions The fragments of Nymphis are collected by J. C. Orelli, in his e
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Ptolemaeus Philadelphus (search)
. After her death he erected a temple to Arsinoe, and caused divine honours to be paid to her memory. (Paus. 1.7. §§ 1, 3; Theocrit. Idyll. 17.130, Schol. ad loc. ; Athen. 14.621.) By this second marriage Ptolemy had no issue : but his first wife had borne him two sons-Ptolemy, who succeeded him on the throne, and Lysimachus; and a daughter, Berenice, whose marriage to Antiochus II., king of Syria, has been already mentioned. Philadelphus died a natural death before the close of the year B. C. 247; having reigned thirtyeight years from his first accession, and thirty-six from the death of his father (Euseb. Arm. p. 114 ; Clinton, F. H. vol. iii. p. 379). He had been always of a feeble and sickly constitution, which prevented him from ever taking the command of his armies in person; and he led the life of a refined voluptuary, combining sensual and dissolute pleasures with the more elevated gratifications of the taste and understanding. (Strab. xvii. p.789 ; Athen. 13.576.) The great
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