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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 3 3 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 3 3 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIII, Chapter 82 (search)
eastings, and with the fish swans spent their time and a vast multitude of every other kind of bird, so that the pool was an object of great delight to gaze upon. And witness to the luxury of the inhabitants is also the extravagant cost of the monuments which they erected, some adorned with sculptured race-horses and others with the pet birds kept by girls and boys in their homes, monuments which Timaeus says he had seen extant even in his own lifetime.Timaeus died c. 250 B.C. And in the Olympiad previous to the one we are discussing, namely, the Ninety-second, when Exaenetus of Acragas won the "stadion,"He was victor not only in the Ninety-second Olympiad (412 B.C.; chap. 34) but also in the Ninety-first (416 B.C.; Book 12.82). he was conducted into the city in a chariot and in the procession there were, not to speak of the other things, three hundred chariots each drawn by two white horses, all the chariots belonging to c
Strabo, Geography, Book 6, chapter 2 (search)
would point south-east. one part being washed by the Sicilian Sea and the other by the Libyan Sea that reaches from Carthaginia to the Syrtes. The shortest passage from Lilybaeum across to Libya in neighborhood of Carthage is one thousand five hundred stadia;Cp. Strab. 17.3.16. and on this passage, it is said, some man of sharp vision, from a look-out, used to report to the men in Lilybaeum the number of ships that were putting to sea from Carthage.Lilybaeum when held by the Carthaginians (250 B.C.) was besieged by the Romans. Pliny 7.21 says that Varro gave the man's name as Strabo; and quotes Cicero as authority for the tradition that the man was wont, in the Punic War, looking from the Lilybaean promontory, a distance of 135 miles, to tell the number of ships that put out from the harbor of Carthage. But, assuming the possibility of seeing small ships at a distance of 135 miles, the observer would have to be at an altitude of a little more than two miles! Again, the side tha
Strabo, Geography, Book 7, chapter 3 (search)
ues, there is a “City of Dionysus” which it is impossible for the same man ever to find twice. He censures also those who speak of the Homeric wanderings of Odysseus as having been in the neighborhood of Sicily; for in that case, says he, one should go on and say that, although the wanderings took place there, the poet, for the sake of mythology, placed them out in Oceanus.Cp. 1. 2. 17-19. And, he adds, the writers in general can be pardoned, but CallimachusCallimachus of Cyrene (fl. about 250 B.C.) is said to have written about 800 works, in prose and verse. Only 6 hymns, 64 epigrams and some fragments are extant. cannot be pardoned at all, because he makes a pretence of being a scholar;Cp. 1. 2. 37. for he calls GaudosSee footnote 2 on 1. 2. 37. the “Isle of Calypso” and Corcyra “Scheria.” And others he charges with falsifying about “Gerena,”Cp. 8. 3. 7, 29 and the Odyssey (the “Gerenian” Nestor). and “Aeacesium,”Strabo alludes to the wrong interpretation whic
Strabo, Geography, Book 9, chapter 1 (search)
Polias,The Erechtheium (see D'Ooge, Acropolis of Athens, Appendix iii). in which is the lamp that is never quenched,Cp. Paus. l.26.7 and the Parthenon built by Ictinus, in which is the work in ivory by Pheidias, the Athena. However, if I once began to describe the multitude of things in this city that are lauded and proclaimed far and wide, I fear that I should go too far, and that my work would depart from the purpose I have in view. For the words of HegesiasHegesias of Magnesia (fl. about 250 B.C.) wrote a History of Alexander the Great. Only fragments remain. occur to me: "I see the acropolis, and the mark of the huge tridentIn the rock of the well in the Erechtheium. there. I see Eleusis, and I have become an initiate into its sacred mysteries; yonder is the Leocorium, here is the Theseium; I am unable to point them all out one by one; for Attica is the possession of the gods, who seized it as a sanctuary for themselves, and of the ancestral heroes." So this writer mentio
Appian, Punic Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER I (search)
emy thus harassed and exhausted and having night in his favor, drew up his forces Y.R. 499 and made a sudden sally from his camp. The expectations B.C. 255 of Xanthippus were not disappointed. Of the 30,000 men led by Regulus, only a few escaped with difficulty to the city of Aspis. All the rest were either killed or taken prisoners, and among the latter was the consul Regulus himself.See Appendix to this Book. Y.R. 504 Not long afterward the Carthaginians, weary of fighting B.C. 250 sent him, in company with their own ambassadors, to Rome to obtain peace or to return if it were not granted. Yet Regulus in private strongly urged the chief magistrates of Rome to continue the war, and then went back to certain torture, for the Carthaginians shut him up in a cage stuck full of spikes and thus put him to death. This success was the beginning of sorrows to Xanthippus, for the Carthaginians, in order that the credit might not seem to be due to the Lacedemonians, pretended to ho
Polybius, Histories, book 1, The Carthaginians Prosperous (search)
ir ranks and had killed the large part of those that fell: and they were in such terror of them, that though during two years running after that time they had on many occasions, in the territory either of Lilybaeum or Selinus, found themselves in order of battle within five or six stades of the enemy, they never plucked up courage to begin an attack, or in fact to come down upon level ground at all, all because of their fear of an elephant charge. B. C. 252-251. And in these two seasons all they did was to reduce Therma and Lipara by siege, keeping close all the while to mountainous districts and such as were difficult to cross. The timidity and want of confidence thus displayed by their land forces induced the Roman government to change their minds and once more to attempt success at sea. B. C. 250. Accordingly, in the second consulship of Caius Atilius and Lucius Manlius, we find them ordering fifty ships to be built, enrolling sailors and energetically collecting a naval armament.
Polybius, Histories, book 1, Siege of Lilybaeum (search)
ce inspired in their own troops by a victory over these animals. With their confidence thus restored, the Roman government recurred to their original plan of sending out the Consuls upon this service with a fleet and naval forces; for they were eager, by all means in their power, to put a period to the war. Accordingly, in the fourteenth year of the war, the supplies necessary for the despatch of the expedition were got ready, and the Consuls set sail for Sicily with two hundred ships. B. C. 250. C. Caecilius Regulus II., L. Manlius Vulso II. They dropped anchor at Lilybaeum; and the army having met them there, they began to besiege it by sea and land. Their view was that if they could obtain possession of this town they would have no difficulty in transferring the seat of war to Libya. The Carthaginian leaders were of the same opinion, and entirely agreed with the Roman view of the value of the place. They accordingly subordinated everything else to this; devoted themselves to the r
Polybius, Histories, book 1, The Topography of Lilybaeum (search)
st, dividing the Libyan from the Sardinian Sea, and is called Lilybaeum. On this last there is a city of the same name. It was this city that the Romans were now besieging. It was exceedingly strongly fortified: for besides its walls there was a deep ditch running all round it, and on the side of the sea it was protected by lagoons, to steer through which into the harbour was a task requiring much skill and practice. The Romans made two camps, one on each side of theSiege of Lilybaeum, B. C. 250. town, and connected them with a ditch, stockade, and wall. Having done this, they began the assault by advancing their siege-works in the direction of the tower nearest the sea, which commands a view of the Libyan main. They did this gradually, always adding something to what they had already constructed; and thus bit by bit pushed their works forward and extended them laterally, till at last they had brought down not only this tower, but the six next to it also; and at the same time began b
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FIDES, AEDES (search)
FIDES, AEDES a temple of Fides, afterwards known as Fides Publica (Val. Max.) or Fides Publica populi Romani (diplomata), on the Capitol. The establishment of the cult and the erection of a shrine (sacrarium, i(ero/v) is ascribed to Numa (Liv. i. 21. 4; Dionys. ii. 75; Plut. Numa 16), probably on the site of the later temple. This was dedicated--and presumably built-by A. Atilius Calatinus in 254 or 250 B.C. (Cic. de nat. deor. ii. 61, cf. Aist. de sacris aedibus 16), and restored and re-dedicated by M. Aemilius Scaurus in 115 B.C. (Cic. loc. cit.). The day of dedication was 1st October(Fast. Arv. Amit. Paul. ad Kal. Oct., CIL 2. p. 214,215,242; Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921,114). This temple was in Capitolio (Fast. locc. citt.; Plin. NH xxxv. 100), and vicina Iovis optimi maximi (Cato ap. Cic. de off. iii. 104), and probably inside the area Capitolina, at its south-east corner near the porta Pandana Hulsen conjectures that the legend of Aracoeli (Chron. Min. iii. 428 ; cf. Mirabil. 13)
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, VIA APPIA (search)
tpath was laid saxo quadrato from the gate to the templum Martis (Liv. x. 23. 12); three years later the whole road was paved with silex from the temple to Bovillae (ib. 47. 4), and in 189 B.C. the first mile, from the gate to the temple, was similarly treated (Liv. xxxviii. 28. 3). Its further course cannot be dealt with here. The description of the method of its construction in Procop. BG i. 14 is interesting; cf. Stat. Silv. iv. 3. 40-55. The earliest milestone we have belongs to about 250 B.C. (CIL i². 21), and others belong to Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian and Theodoric (CIL ix. 6075; x. 6812-6880; cf. p. 99 ; NS 1910, 292). For the road as a whole, see Canina, Via Appia, Rome 1853; T i. 35-71, 588-597; ix. 3-407; RE ii. 238-242; M61. 1903, 375-418; HJ 200, 209-213. For its curatores (who owe their institution to Claudius, with the other curatores of particular roads, see Senec. Apoc. I: Appiae viae curator est qua scis et Tiberium Caesarem et Augustum ad deos isse), see CIL ii. 192
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