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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 4 4 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 3 3 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 251 BC or search for 251 BC in all documents.

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he son of Cleinias, and was born at Sicyon, B. C. 271. On the murder of his father by Abantidas [ABANTIDAS], Aratus was saved from the general extirpation of the family by Soso, his uncle's widow, who conveyed him to Argos, where he was brought up. When he had reached the age of twenty, he gained possession of his native city by the help of some Argians, and the cooperation of the remainder of his party in Sicyon itself, without loss of life, and deprived the usurper Nicocles of his power, B. C. 251. (Comp. Plb. 2.43.) Through the influence of Aratus, Sicyon now joined the Achaean league, and Aratus himself sailed to Egypt to obtain Ptolemy's alliance, in which he succeeded. In B. C. 245 he was elected general (strathgo/s) of the league, and a second time in 243. In the latter of these years he took the citadel of Corinth from the Macedonian garrison, and induced the Corinthian people to join the league. It was chiefly through his instrumentality that Megara, Troezen, Epidaurus, Arg
Metellus 1. L. Caecilius Metellus, L. F. C. N., consul B. C. 251, with C. Furius Pacilus, in the first Carthaginian war, was sent with his colleague into Sicily to oppose Hasdrubal, the Carthaginian general. The Roman soldiers were so greatly alarmed at the elephants in the Carthaginian army, that their generals did not venture to attack the enemy, but lay inactive for a long time. At last, when Furius Pacilus returned to Italy with a part of the forces, Hasdrubal availed himself of the opportunity to attack Panormus, but was entirely defeated by Metellus, who slew a great number of his troops, and captured all his elephants, which he afterwards exhibited in his triumph at Rome. This victory established the Roman supremacy in Sicily, and may be said to have had a decisive influence on the fate of the war. (Plb. 1.39, 40; Flor. 2.2.27; Eutrop. 2.24; Oros. 4.9; Frontin. Strateg. 2.5.4; Cic. de Rep. 1.1; Liv. Epit. 19; Plin. Nat. 7.43. s. 45; Dionys. A. R. 2.66.) In B. C. 249, Metellu
Pa'cilus 3. C. FURIUS C.F. C. N. PACILUS (Fasti Capit.), was consul B. C. 251 with L. Cacilius Metells in the first Punie war. The history of their consulship is given under METELLUS, No. 1.
Sosi'bius 2. A distinguished Lacedaemonian grammarian, who flourished in the reign of Ptolemy Philadelphus (about B. C. 251), and was contemporary with Callimachus. (Ath. xi. p. 493f., iv. p. 144. e.) He was one of those writers who employed themselves in solving the difficulties met with in the ancient authors, and who were therefore called *Lutikoi/ or e)pilutikoi/, in opposition to the e)nstatikoi/, who employed their ingenuity in proposing problems for others to solve. (Suid. s.v. Ath. xi. p. 493f.) Works The following works of his are quoted : -- 1. *Perl\ *)Alkma=nos (Ath. iii. p 115, a., xiv. p. 646a., p. 648b.) 2. *Peri\ tw=n e)n *Lakedal/moni qusiw=n (Ath. xv. p. 674a., p. 678b.) 3. *(Omoio/thtes (Ath. xv. p. 690e.) 4. A Chronography Entitled peri\ xro/nwn (Ath. xiv. p. 635f.) or xronw=n a)nagrafh/ (Clem. Alex. Strom. vol. i. p. 327c.) Work on the ancient Dorian comedy One of his works, but we are not told which, contained information respecting the ancient