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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 7 7 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 23-25 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 40-42 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D. and Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Polybius, Histories, book 1, The Romans Build More Ships (search)
whom they had recalled from Heracleia; and along with them they sent also a hundred and forty elephants. And next, after despatching him, they began fitting out two hundred ships and making all other preparations necessary for a naval expedition. Hasdrubal reached Lilybaeum safely, and immediately set to work to train his elephants and drill his men, and showed his intention of striking a blow for the possession of the open country. The Roman government, when they heard of this from theB. C. 254. Coss. Gn. Cornelius Scipio Asina II., Aulus Atilius, Calatinus II. survivors of the wreck on their arrival home, felt it to be a grievous misfortune: but being absolutely resolved not to give in, they determined once more to put two hundred and twenty vessels on the stocks and build afresh. These were finished in three months, an almost incredibly short time, and the new Consuls Aulus Atilius and Gnaeus Cornelius fitted out the fleet and put to sea. As they passed through the straits they to
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 24 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University), chapter 36 (search)
s and pitched camp by the river Anapus,The small river of Syracuse, emptying into the Great Harbour. Near its mouth was a Roman camp; xxxiii. 3. about eight miles away. About the same time it so happened that fifty-five warships of the Carthaginians under Bomilcar sailed from the open sea into the Great Harbour of Syracuse, and also a Roman fleet of thirty quinqueremes debarked the first legion at Panormus.Now Palermo; the chief city of Carthaginian Sicily, until taken by the Romans in 254 B.C.; Polybius I. xxxviii. fin. And the war could be considered as now diverted from Italy, so intent were both nations upon Sicily. Himilco, thinking that the legion which had been landed at Panormus would certainly fall a prey to him on its way to Syracuse, was baffled by its route. For the Carthaginian led his troops along an inland road, while the legion, escorted by the fleet, made its way along the coast to Appius Claudius, who with a part of his forces had advanced as far a
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 42 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D. and Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.), chapter 20 (search)
In a city which was at the highest pitch of excitement about the new war, during a storm at night the columna rostrataThis column, which was adorned with the beaks (rostra) of captured ships, dated from the year 254 B.C. The similar column of Duilius, a copy of which is preserved, stood in the Forum. There seems to be no further mention of the columna Aemilia. which had been set up on the Capitoline in the first Punic war in honour of the victory of the consul Marcus Aemilius, whose colleague was Servius Fulvius, was completely destroyed by lightning. This event was regarded as a prodigy and was referred to the senate; the Fathers ordered that the matter should be referred to the haruspices and, moreover, that the decemvirs should consult the Books. The decemvirs reported back that the city should be purified, that a period of supplication and prayer should be held and that sacrifices of full-grown victims should be offered bothB.C. 172 on the Capitoline at Rome and i
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FIDES, AEDES (search)
FIDES, AEDES a temple of Fides, afterwards known as Fides Publica (Val. Max.) or Fides Publica populi Romani (diplomata), on the Capitol. The establishment of the cult and the erection of a shrine (sacrarium, i(ero/v) is ascribed to Numa (Liv. i. 21. 4; Dionys. ii. 75; Plut. Numa 16), probably on the site of the later temple. This was dedicated--and presumably built-by A. Atilius Calatinus in 254 or 250 B.C. (Cic. de nat. deor. ii. 61, cf. Aist. de sacris aedibus 16), and restored and re-dedicated by M. Aemilius Scaurus in 115 B.C. (Cic. loc. cit.). The day of dedication was 1st October(Fast. Arv. Amit. Paul. ad Kal. Oct., CIL 2. p. 214,215,242; Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921,114). This temple was in Capitolio (Fast. locc. citt.; Plin. NH xxxv. 100), and vicina Iovis optimi maximi (Cato ap. Cic. de off. iii. 104), and probably inside the area Capitolina, at its south-east corner near the porta Pandana Hulsen conjectures that the legend of Aracoeli (Chron. Min. iii. 428 ; cf. Mirabil. 13
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
Return of embassy from Epidaurus and foundation of Temple of Aesculapius, 2, 282. 287Assembly meets in Aesculetum, 3. 281Via Appia prolonged to Tarentum, 559. 272Temple of Consus on Aventine, 141. Anio Vetus begun, 12. 268Temple of Tellus vowed, 511. 267of Pales, 38x. 264of Vortumnus, 584. Via Appia prolonged to Brundusium, 559. 260(after). Columnae of Duilius, 134. Temple of Janus in Foro Holitorio, 277. 259of Tempestates, 511. 255Columna rostrata of M. Aemilius Paullus, 134. 254 or 250Temple of Fides on Capitol, 209. 241Temple of Vesta burnt, 557. Statue of Janus brought from Falerii, 280. Temple of Minerva Capta (?), 344. 241-220Institution of the Argei, 51. 240 (238)Temple of Flora, 209. 238Clivus Publicius built and paved, 124. Temple of Iuppiter Libertas on Aventine, 297. 234of Honos, 258. 231Shrine of Fons, 210. 221Circus Flaminius, 111. 220 (ca.)Temple of Hercules Custos in Circus Flaminius, 252. Via Flaminia, 562. 217of Concord on Arx, 54, I137.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
lin. Nat. 22.6; Oros. 4.8; Florus, 2.2.13, who erroneously calls Atilius Calatinus dictator ; Aurel. Vict. De Vir. Illustr. 39; Gel. 3.7 ; Frontin. Stratag. 4.5.10.) After his escape from this danger, he conquered Camarina, Enna, Drepanum, and other places, which had till then been in the possession of the Carthaginians. Towards the close of the year he made an attack upon Lipara, where the operations were continued by his successor. On his return to Rome he was honoured with a triumph. In B. C. 254 he was invested with the consulship a second time. Shortly before this event the Romans had lost nearly their whole fleet in a storm off cape Pachynum, but Atilius Calatinus and his colleague Cn. Cornelius Scipio Asina built a new fleet of 220 ships in the short space of three months, and both the consuls then sailed to Sicily. The main event of that year was the capture of Panormus. (Plb. 1.38; Zonar. 8.14.) In B. C. 249 Atilius Calatinus was appointed dictator for the purpose of carrying
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
s a few thin plates of silver. Niebuhr (iii. p. 555) speaks of this censorship as missing; but, though it is not mentioned by the epitomizer of Livy, we suspect that there is some classical auand thority extant concerning it, known to less modern scholars, for Panciroli (de Clar. Interp. p. 21) says, that Coruncanius was censor with C. Claudius; and Val. Forsterus (Historia Juris, fol. 41, b.) states, that in his censorship the population ineluded in the census amounted to 277,222. About B. C. 254, Coruncanius was created pontifex maximus, and was the first plebeian who ever filled that office (Liv. Epist. xviii.), although, before that time, his brother jurist, P. Sempronius Sophus, and other plebeians, had been pontifices. (Liv. 10.9.) In B. C. 246, he was appointed dictator for the purpose of holding the comitia, in order to prevent the necessity of recalling either of the consuls from Sicily; and he must have died shortly afterwards, at a very advanced age (Cic. de Senect. 6), f
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Q. Ogu'lnius and Cn. Ogu'lnius (search)
and Cn. OGULNII, tribunes of the plebs, B. C. 300, proposed and carried a law by which the number of the pontiffs was increased from four to eight, and that of the augurs from four to nine, and which enacted that four of the pontiffs and five of the augurs should be taken from the plebs. (Liv. 10.6-9.) Besides these eight pontiffs there was the pontifex maximus, who is generally not included when the number of pontiffs is spoken of. The pontifex maximus continued to be a patrician down to B. C. 254, when Tib. Coruncanius was the first plebeian who was invested with this dignity. In B. C. 296 Q. and Cn. Ogulnii were curule aediles. They prosecuted several persons for violating the usury laws; and with the money accruing from the fines inflicted in consequence they executed many public works (Liv. 10.23). The name of Cn. Ogulnius does not occur again after this year. In B. C. 294 Q. Ogulnius was sent at the head of an embassy to Epidaurus, in order to fetch Aesculapiu to Rome, that
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
a Roman artist, in the department of ornamental metal-work (caelatura). He was the maker of one of the most admired of cylindrical bronze caskets (cistae mysticae), which are found in tons in Italy, containing paterae, mirrors, and utensils of the bath, such as strigils. The greatest number of such caskets have been found at Praeneste, where some of them seem to have been laid up in the temple of Fortune, as votive offerings from women. The one which bears the name of Plautius is beautifully engraved with subjects from the Argonautic expedition; a hunt is engraved round the lid, which is surmounted by three figures in bronze; and on the lid is the fol lowing inscription: on the one side, DINDIA. MACOLINA. FILEA. DEIT,--on the other, NOVIOS. PLAUTIOS. MED . (me) ROMAI . FECID. From the style of the workmanship and of the inscription, the date of the artist is supposed to be about A. U. 500, B. C. 254. (Winckelmann, Gesch. d. Kunst, b. 8.4.7; Müller, Arch. d. Kunst, § 173, n. 4.) [P.
certain, the time of his birth is a more doubtful point. Ritschl, who has examined the subject with great diligence and acumen in his essay De Aetate Plauti, supposes that he was born about the beginning of the sixth century of the city (about B. C. 254), and that he commenced his career as a comic poet about B. C. 224, when he was thirty years of age. This supposition is con firmed by the fact that Cicero speaks (Cato, 14) of the Pseudolus, which was acted in. B. C.191, as written by Plattus itten Arsin., subsequently Arsinii, and finally Asinii. Having thus discussed the chief points connected with the life of our poet, we may sum up the results in a few words. T. Maccius Plautus was born at the Umbrian village of Sarsina, about B. C. 254. He probably came to Rome at an early age, since he displays such a perfect mastery of the Latin language, and an acquaintance with Greek literature, which he could hardly have acquired in a provincial town. Whether he ever obtained the Roman f
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