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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 7 7 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 2 2 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 28-30 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Appian, Punic Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER I (search)
enemy, his soldiers suffering greatly from the weight of their arms, from dust, thirst, and fatigue, and exposed to missiles from the neigh-boring heights. Toward evening he came to a river which separated the two armies. This he crossed at once, thinking in this way to terrify Xanthippus, but the latter, anticipating an easy victory over an enemy thus harassed and exhausted and having night in his favor, drew up his forces Y.R. 499 and made a sudden sally from his camp. The expectations B.C. 255 of Xanthippus were not disappointed. Of the 30,000 men led by Regulus, only a few escaped with difficulty to the city of Aspis. All the rest were either killed or taken prisoners, and among the latter was the consul Regulus himself.See Appendix to this Book. Y.R. 504 Not long afterward the Carthaginians, weary of fighting B.C. 250 sent him, in company with their own ambassadors, to Rome to obtain peace or to return if it were not granted. Yet Regulus in private strongly urged the
Polybius, Histories, book 1, The Siege of Aspis (search)
nnounce the events which had taken place and to ask for instructions as to the future,—what they were to do, and what arrangements they were to make. Having done this they made active preparations for a general advance and set about plundering the country. They met with no opposition in this: they destroyed numerous dwelling houses of remarkably fine construction, possessed themselves of a great number of cattle; and captured more than twenty thousand slaves whom they took to their ships. In the midst of these proceedings the messengers arrived from Rome with orders that one Consul was to remain with an adequate force, the other was to bring the fleet to Rome. M. Atilius Regulus remains in Africa, winter of B. C. 256-255. Accordingly Marcus was left behind with forty ships, fifteen thousand infantry, and five hundred cavalry; while Lucius put the crowd of captives on board, and having embarked his men, sailed along the coast of Sicily without encountering any danger, and reached Rom
Polybius, Histories, book 1, Regulus in Africa (search)
eracleia a pressing summons to Hamilcar. He obeyed immediately, and arrived at Carthage with five hundred cavalry and five thousand infantry. He was forthwith appointed general in conjunction with the other two, and entered into consultation with Hasdrubal and his colleague as to the measures necessary to be taken in the present crisis. They decided to defend the country and not to allow it to be devastated without resistance. A few days afterwards Marcus sallied forth on one of hisB. C. 256-255. The operations of Regulus in Libya. marauding expeditions. Such towns as were unwalled he carried by assault and plundered, and such as were walled he besieged. Among others he came to the considerable town of Adys, and having placed his troops round it was beginning with all speed to raise siege works. The Carthaginians were both eager to relieve the town and determined to dispute the possession of the open county. They therefore led out their army; but their operations were not skilfully c
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 29 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University), chapter 26 (search)
Many Roman fleets had sailed from Sicily and out of that very harbour. Yet not only during that war was there never a sailing so spectacular and no wonder, since most of the fleets had sailed out merely to plunder-but there had been nothing similar even in the previous war. And yet if one had based his comparison upon the size of the fleet, more than onceExactly twice: in 256 B.C. L. Manlius Vulso and M. Atilius Regulus (xxviii. 5) with 330 war-ships (Polybius I. xxv. 7; xxix. 1); in 255 B.C. M. Aemilius Paulus and Ser. Fulvius Nobilior with 350, but no army, and shipwrecked on their return; ibid. xxxvi. 10 ff. before had two consuls with two armies made the passage, and there had been almost as many war-ships in those fleets as now transports with which Scipio was crossing over. For in addition to forty war-ships only, he carried his army across on about four hundred transports. But the second war was made to appear to the Romans more terrible than the first both by
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, COLUMNA ROSTRATA (search)
COLUMNA ROSTRATA (M. Aemilii Paulli): a column, adorned with the beaks of ships, erected on the Capitoline in honour of M. Aemilius Paullus, consul in 255 B.C., and destroyed by lightning in 172 B.C. (Liv. xlii. 20. 1).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
291Via Appia probably prolonged to Venusia, 559. Return of embassy from Epidaurus and foundation of Temple of Aesculapius, 2, 282. 287Assembly meets in Aesculetum, 3. 281Via Appia prolonged to Tarentum, 559. 272Temple of Consus on Aventine, 141. Anio Vetus begun, 12. 268Temple of Tellus vowed, 511. 267of Pales, 38x. 264of Vortumnus, 584. Via Appia prolonged to Brundusium, 559. 260(after). Columnae of Duilius, 134. Temple of Janus in Foro Holitorio, 277. 259of Tempestates, 511. 255Columna rostrata of M. Aemilius Paullus, 134. 254 or 250Temple of Fides on Capitol, 209. 241Temple of Vesta burnt, 557. Statue of Janus brought from Falerii, 280. Temple of Minerva Capta (?), 344. 241-220Institution of the Argei, 51. 240 (238)Temple of Flora, 209. 238Clivus Publicius built and paved, 124. Temple of Iuppiter Libertas on Aventine, 297. 234of Honos, 258. 231Shrine of Fons, 210. 221Circus Flaminius, 111. 220 (ca.)Temple of Hercules Custos in Circus Flaminius, 252. V
f Plato speaking to him with rather undue vehemence, and of his replying with calmness. (Rhet. 2.23.) He imparted his doctrine to his daughter Arete, by whom it was communicated to her son, the younger Aristippus (hence called *mhtrodi/daktos), and by him it is said to have been reduced to a system. Laertius, on the authority of Sotion (B. C. 205) and Panactius (B. C. 143), gives a long list of books whose authorship is ascribed to Aristippus, though he also says that Sosicrates of Rhodes (B. C. 255) states, that he wrote nothing. Among these are treatises *Peri\ *Paidei/as, *Peri\ *)Areth=s, *Peri\ *Tu/xhs, and many others. Some epistles attributed to him are deservedly rejected as forgeries by Bentley. (Dissertation on Phalaris, &c. p. 104.) One of these is to Arete, and its spuriousness is proved, among other arguments, by the occurrence in it of the name of a city near Cyrene, *Bereni/kh, which must have been given by the Macedonians, in whose dialect b stands for f, so that the
Marcus (*Ma/rkos), a citizen of Ceryneia, in Achaia, had the chief hand in putting to death the tyrant of Bura, which thereupon immediately joined the Achaean League, then in process of formation. When the constitution of the league was altered, and a single general was appointed instead of two, Marcus was the first who was invested with that dignity, in B. C. 255. In B. C. 229 the Achacans sent ten ships to aid the Corcyraeans against the Illyrian pirates, and, in the battle which ensued, the vessel in which Marcus sailed was hoarded and sunk, and he perished with all the rest of the crew. Polybius highly commends his services to the Achaean confederacy. (Pol. 2.10, 41, 43; Clint. F. H. vol. ii. pp. 240, 241, vol. iii. p. 14.) [E. E
Nobi'lior the name of a family of the plebeian Fulvia gens. This family was originally called Paetinus [PAETINUS], and the name of Nobilior seems to have been first assumed by the consul of B. C. 255 [see below, No. 1], to indicate that he was more noble than any others of this name. His descendants dropped the name of Paetinus, and retained only that of Nobilior.
Nobi'lior 1. SER. FULVIUS PAETINUS NOBILIOR, M. F. M. N., was consul B. C. 255, with M. Aemilius Paullus about the middle of the first Punic war. In the beginning of this year Regulus had been defeated in Africa by the Carthaginians, and the remains of his army were besieged in Clypea. As soon as the senate heard of this disaster they sent both consuls with a fleet of at least three hundred ships, to bring off the survivors. After reducing Cossura the Romans met the Carthaginian fleet near the Hermaean promontory, and gained a most brilliant victory over it. The loss of the Carthaginians was very great, though the numbers are differently stated, and are evidently corrupt in Polybius. After the victory the consuls landed at Clypea, but did not remain long in Africa on account of the complete want of provisions. As it was near the summer solstice, in the month of July, when the Romans set out homewards, the pilots cautioned them to avoid the southern coast of Sicily, as violent gales f
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