dered them useless for the fighting. Last of
all he rammed the trireme of Pericles with a rather heavy blow and broke a great hole in the
trireme; then, since the beak of his ship stuck tight in the gap and they could not withdraw
it, Pericles threw an iron handA grappling-iron, first
introduced in the fighting in the harbour of Syracuse (cp. Thuc.
7.62). Called the "crow" by the Romans, it was used by them with great effectiveness
against the Carthaginians in 260 B.C. on the ship of
Callicratidas, and when it was fastened tight, the Athenians, surrounding the ship, sprang
upon, it and pouring over its crew put them all to the sword. It was at this time, we are told, that Callicratidas, after fighting brilliantly and holding
out for a long time, finally was worn down by numbers, as he was struck from all
directions.Xenophon (Xen. Hell. 1.6.33) says that he "fell overboard into the sea and disappeared."
As soon as the defeat of