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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 11 11 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 3 3 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 260 BC or search for 260 BC in all documents.

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Acho'lius held the office of Magister Admissionum in the reign of Valerian. (B. C. 253-260.) One of his works was entitled Acta, and contained an account of the history of Aurelian. It was in nine books at least. (Vopisc. Aurel. 12.) He also wrote the life of Alexander Severus. (Lamprid. Alex. Sev. 14. 48. 68.)
Aris'ton (*)Ari/stwn), son of Miltiades, born in the island of Chios, a Stoic and disciple of Zeno, flourished about B. C. 260, and was therefore contemporary with Epicurus, Aratus, Antigonus Gonatas, and with the first Punic war. Though he professed himself a Stoic, yet he differed from Zeno in several points; and indeed Diogenes Laertius (7.160, &c.) tells us, that he quitted the school of Zeno for that of Polemo the Platonist. He is said to have displeased the former by his loquacity,--a quality which others prized so highly, that he acquired the surname of Siren, as a master of persuasive eloquence. He was also called Phalancus, from his baldness. He rejected all branches of philosophy but ethics, considering physiology as beyond man's powers, and logic as unsuited to them. Even with regard to ethics, Seneca (Ep. 89) complains, that he deprived them of all their practical side, a subject which he said belonged to the schoolmaster rather than to the philosopher. The sole object,
esteemed by Ptolemy Philadelphus, who invited him to a place in the Museum. (Suid.; Strab. xvii. p.838.) Callimachus was still alive in the reign of Ptolemy Euergetes, the successor of Philadelphus. (Schol. ad Callim. Hymn. 2.26.) It was formerly believed, but is now established as an historical fact, that Callimachus was chief librarian of the famous library of Alexandria. This fact leads us to the conclusion, that he was the successor of Zenodotus, and that he held this office from about B. C. 260 until his death about B. C. 240. (Ritschl, Die Alexandrin. Biblioth. &c. pp. 19, 84, &c.) This calculation agrees with the statement of A. Gellius (17.21), that Callimachus lived shortly before the first Punic war. He was married to a daughter of Euphrates of Syracuse, and had a sister Megatime, who was married to Stasenorus, and a son Callimachus, who is distinguished from his uncle by being called the younger, and is called by Suidas the author of an epic poem *Peri\ nh/swn. Callimachu
Dui'lius 6. C. Duilius, probably a grandson of No. 4, was consul with Cn. Cornelius Asina in B. C. 260. In that year the coast of Italy was repeatedly ravaged by the Carthaginians, against whom the Romans could do nothing, as they were yet without a navy. The Romans then built their first fleet of one hundred quinqueremes and twenty triremes, using for their model a Carthaginian vessel which had been thrown on the coast of Italy. The sum total of the Roman ships is stated differently, for, according to Orosius (4.7), it amounted to 130, and according to Florus (2.2) to 160. This fleet is said to have been built in the short space of sixty days. According to some authorities (Zonar. 8.10; Aurel. Vict. de Vir. Illustr. 38; Oros. l.c.), Duilius obtained the command of this fleet, whereas, according to Polybius (1.22), it was given to his colleague Cn. Cornelius. The same writer states, that at first Cn. Cornelius sailed with 17 ships to Messana, but allowed himself to be drawn towards L
from the great Hamilcar Barca [No. 8], with whom he has been confounded by Zonaras (8.10), as well as by some modern writers. It was in the third year of the war (B. C. 262) that he was appointed to succeed Hanno in the command, when that general had failed in averting the fall of Agrigentum. (Diod. xxiii. Exc. Hoeschel. 9. p. 503; Zonar. l.c. See [HANNO, No. 5].) His first operations were very successful; and notwithstanding the great defeat of the Carthaginian fleet off Mylae by Duilius (B. C. 260), Hamilcar for a time maintained the superiority by land. Learning that the Roman allies were encamped near Therma, apart from the legionary troops, he fell suddenly upon them, surprised their camp, and put 4000 of them to the sword. (Plb. 1.24.) After this he appears to have traversed the island with his victorious army, as we find him making himself master of Enna and Camarina, both of which were betrayed to him by the inhabitants. He at the same time fortified the stronghold of Drepanum
ceeded, under cover of the night, in forcing his way through the enemy's lines, and making good his retreat with what troops remained to him in safety to Panormus. Agrigentum itself was immediately afterwards stormed and piundered by the Romans. (Plb. 1.17-19; Zonar. 8.10; Ores. 4.7.) Hannibal's attention was henceforth directed principally to carrying on the contest by sea : with a fleet of sixty ships, he ravaged the coasts of Italy, which were then almost defenceless; and the next year (B. C. 260), on learning that the consul, Cn. Cornelius Scipio Asina, had put to sea with a squadron of seventeen ships, he dispatched Boodes, with twenty gullies, to meet him at Lipara, where the latter succeeded by a stratagem in capturing Scipio, with his whole squadron. After this success, Hannibal put to sea in person, with fifty ships, for the purpose of again ravaging the coasts of Italy, but, falling in unexpectedly with the whole Roman fleet, lie lost many of his ships, and with difficulty m
Machon (*Ma/xwn), of Corinth or Sicyon, a comic poet, flourished at Alexandria, where he gave instructions respecting comedy to the grammarian Aristophanes of Byzantium. He was contemporary with Apollodorus of Carystus, and flourished between the 120th and 130th Olympiads (B. C. 300-260). Assessment He held a high place among the Alexandrian poets; Athenaeus says of him, h)=n d' a)gaqo\s poihth\s ei)/s tis a)/llos tw=n meta\ tou\is e(pta/, and quotes an elegant epigram in his praise. Works Plays We have the titles of two of his plays, *)/Agnoia and *)Epistolh/. *Xrei/ai A sententious poem in iambic senarii, entitled *Xrei/ai, of which Athenaeus has preserved several fragments. Further Information Athen. 6.241f; xiv. p. 664a, b, c, viii. p. 345f, xiii. p. 577d; Meineke, Hist. Crit. Com. Graec. pp. 479, 480, 462; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. ii. pp. 452, 453.[P.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Persaeus or Persaeus Cittieus (search)
d in his demeanour to Zeno. Indeed, if Persaeus had actually been Zeno's slave, the sarcasm would have been pointless. We learn from Diogenes Laertius, that Zeno lived in the same house with Persaeus, and he narrates an incident, which certainly supports the insinuation of Bion. The same story is told by Athenaeus (xiii. p. 607a. b.), on the authority of Antigonus the Carystian, somewhat differently, and not so much to Zeno's credit. Persaeus was in the prime of life in the 130th Olympiad, B. C. 260. Antigonus Gonatas had sent for Zeno. between B. C. 277 and 271 (Clinton, F. H. vol. ii. p. 368, note i), when the philosopher was in his eightyfirst year. Zeno excused himself, but sent Persaeus and Philonides, with whom went also the poet Aratus, who had received instructions from Persaeus at Athens. Persaeus seems to have been in high favour with Antigonus, and to have guided the monarch in his choice of literary associates, as we learn from a sneer of Bion's, recorded by Laertius. At l
says that the Atthis of Philochorus came down to Antiochus Theos, who began to reign B. C. 261. Now it was about this time that Antigonus Gonatas took possession of Athens, which had been abetted in its opposition to the Macedonian king by Ptolemy Philadelphus; and it would, therefore, appear that Philochorus, who had been in favour of Philadelphus, was killed shortly afterwards, at the instigation of Gonatas. We may accordingly safely place the active life of Philochorus from B. C. 306 to B. C. 260. These few facts are all that we know of the life of Philochorus, but they are sufficient to show that he was a person of some importance at Athens. He seems to have been anxious to maintain the independence of Athens against the Macedonian kings, but fell a victim in the attempt. Works The following is a list of Philochorus' numerous works, many of which are mentioned only by Suidas. 1. *)Atqi/s *)Atqi/s, also called *)Atqi/des and *)Istori/ai, consisted of seventeen books, and re
Sci'pio 6. Cn. Cornelius Scipio Asina, the son of No. 5. The reason of his cognomen Asina is related by Macrobius (Macr. 1.6). He was consul in B. C. 260, with C. Duillius, in the fifth year of the first Punic war, and received the command of the fleet which the Romans had recently built. In an attempt upon the Liparaean islands, he was taken prisoner with seventeen ships; but the details of his capture are related somewhat differently (Plb. 1.21, 22; Liv. Ep. 17; Oros. 4.7 ; Eutrop. 2.20; Flor. 2.2; Zonar. 8.10; V. Max. 6.6.2; Polyaen. 6.16.5). He probably recovered his liberty when Regulus invaded Africa; for he was consul a second time in B. C. 254, with A. Atilius Calatinus. In this year he was more successful. He and his colleague crossed over into Sicily, and took the important town of Panormus. The services of Scipio were rewarded by a triumph. (Plb. 1.38; Zonar. 8.14 ; V. Max. 6.9.11; Fasti Capit.)
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