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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 11 11 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 261 BC or search for 261 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Soter (search)
rone of Macedonia against Antigonus Gonatas, but eventually allowed the latter to retain possession of Macedonia on his marrying Phila, the daughter of Seleucus and Stratonice. The rest of Antiochus' reign was chiefly occupied in wars with the Gauls, who had invaded Asia Minor. By the help of his elephants he gained a victory over the Gauls, and received in consequence the surname of Soter (*Swth/r). He was afterwards defeated by Eumenes near Sardis, and was subsequently killed in a second battle with the Gauls (B. C. 261), after a reign of nineteen years. By his wife Stratonice Antiochus had three children : Antiochus Theos, who succeeded him; Apama, married to Magas; and Stratonice, married to Demetrius II. of Macedonia. (Appian, App. Syr. 59-65; Justin, 17.2; Plut. Demetr. 38, 39; Strab. xiii. p.623; Paus. 1.7; Julian, Misopog. p. 348a. b. ; Lucian, Zeuxis, 8; Aelian, Ael. NA 6.44; Plin. Nat. 8.42.) Apollo is represented on the reverse of the annexed coin. (Eckhel. iii. p. 215.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Antio'chus Theos (search)
Antio'chus Ii. or Antio'chus Theos (*)Antri/oxos), king of SYRIA, surnamed THEOS (*Qeo/s), a surname which he derived from the Milesians whom he delivered from their tyrant, Timarchus, succeeded his father in B. C. 261. Soon after his accession he became involved in war with Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, which lasted for many years and greatly weakened the Syrian kingdom. Taking advantage of this weakness, Arsaces was able to establish the Parthian empire in B. C. 250; and his example was shortly afterwards followed by Theodotus, the governor of Bactria, who revolted from Antiochus and made Bactria an independent kingdom. The loss of these provinces induced Antiochus to sue for peace, which was granted (B. C. 250) on condition of his putting away his former wife Laodice and marrying Berenice, a daughter of Ptolemy. This connexion between Syria and Egypt is referred to in the book of Daniel (11.6), where by the king of the south we are to understand Egypt, and by the king of th
Aristarchus (*)Ari/starxos). 1. A Greek PHYSICIAN, of whom no particulars are known, except that he was attached to the court of Berenice, the wife of Antiochus Theos, king of Syria, B. C. 261-246 (Polyaen. Strateg. 8.50), and persuaded her to trust herself in the hands of her treacherous enemie
Bero'sus (*Bhrwso/s or *Bhrwssro/s), a priest of Belus at Babylon, and an historian. His name is usually considered to be the same as Bar or Ber Oseas, that is, son of Oseas. (Scalig. Animadr. ad Euseb. p. 248.) He was born in the reign of Alexander the Great, and lived till that of Antiochus II. urnamed *Qeo/s (B. C. 261-246), in whose reign he is said to have written his history of Babylonia. (Tatian, ad v. Gent. 58; Euseb. Praep. Evang. x. p. 289.) Respecting the personal history of Berosus scarcely anything is known; but he must have been a man of education and extensive learning, and was well acquainted with the Greek language, which the conquests of Alexander had diffused over a great part of Asia. Some writers have thought that they can discover in the extant fragments of his work traces of the author's ignorance of the Chaldee language, and thus have come to the conciusion, that the history of Babylonia was the work of a Greek, who assumed the name of a celebrated Babylonian.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Crassus, Octaci'lius 2. T. Octacilius Crassus, apparently a brother of the former, was consul in B. C. 261, with L. Valerius Flaccus, and continued the operations in Sicily against the Carthaginians after the taking of Agrigentum; but nothing is known to have been accomplished during his consulship. (Plb. 1.20.) [L.S]
nce with Diodotus, and may perhaps have confirmed him in the possession of his sovereignty, to secure his co-operation against Tiridates. Diodotus, however, died apparently just about this time. (Just. 41.4; Strab. xi. p.515; compare Wilson's Ariana, pp. 215-219; Droysen's Hellenismus, ii. pp. 325, 412, 760; Raoul Rochette Journ. des Sauans, Oct. 1835.) With regard to the date of the revolt of Diodotus, it appears from Strabo and Justin to have preceded that of Arsaces in Parthia, and may therefore be referred with much probability to the latter part of the reign of Antiochus II. in Syria. B. C. 261-246. [See ARSACES, p. 354a.] The date usually received is 256 B. C., but any such precise determination rests only on mere conjecture. Concerning the Bactrian kings in general see Bayer, Historia Regni Graecorum Bactriani, 4to. Petrop. 1738; Lassen, Zur Geschichte der Griechischen und Indo-Skytischen Könige in Baktrien, 8vo. Bonn, 1838; Wilson's Ariana Antiqua, 4to. Lond. 1841. [E.H.B
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Flaccus, Vale'rius 2. L. Valerius Flaccus, M. F. L. N., was consul in B. C. 261, with T. Otacilius Crassus, and carried on the war in Sicily against the Carthaginians with little success. (Plb. 1.20.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Otaci'lia Gens sometimes written Octacilia, is first mentioned at the commencement of the first Punic war, when two brothers of this name obtained the consulship, M'. Otacilius Crassus in B. C. 263, and T. Otacilius Crassus in B. C. 261 ; but after this time the Otacilii rarely occur. The only cognomens in this gens are CRASUS and NASO. One or two persons, who were accidentally omitted under Crassus, are given below.
Otaci'lius 1. T. Otacilius Crassus, one of the Roman generals, actively employed during the greater part of the second Punic war, was probably a son of T. Otaciliius Crassus, consul in B. C. 261. [CRASSUS, OTACILIUS, No. 2.] He is generally mentioned by Livy without a cognomen, but we learn from two passages (23.31, 26.33), that he had the surname of Crassus. He was prietor B. C. 217, in which year he vowed a temple to Mens, and is mentioned next year, B. C. 216, as pro-praetor, when he brought a letter to the senate from Ilieron in Sicily, imploring the assistance of the Romans against the Carthaginian fleet. In B. C. 215 Otacilius and Q. Fabius Maximus were created duumviri for dedicating the temples they had vowed; and after consecrating the temple of Mens. Otacilius was sent with the iriperium into Sicily to take the command of the fleet. From Lilybaeum he crossed over into Africa and after laying waste the Carthaginian coast fell in with the Punic fleet, as he was making for Sar
horus and Eratosthenes. The latter part of the account of Suidas, namely that Philochorus was put to death by Antigonus, there is no reason to question. Suidas says that the Atthis of Philochorus came down to Antiochus Theos, who began to reign B. C. 261. Now it was about this time that Antigonus Gonatas took possession of Athens, which had been abetted in its opposition to the Macedonian king by Ptolemy Philadelphus; and it would, therefore, appear that Philochorus, who had been in favour of Preal history of the country is given in the last fifteen books, of which the first four (iii.--vi.) comprised the period down to his own time, while the remaining eleven (vii.--xvii.) gave a minute account of the times in which he lived (B. C. 319-261). Böckh conjectures, with much probability, that the first six books originally formed a distinct work, and appeared before the remaining eleven. Philochorus seems to have been a diligent and accurate writer, and is frequently referred to by the s