Antio'chus Ii. or Antio'chus Theos
（*)Antri/oxos), king of SYRIA, surnamed THEOS (*Qeo/s), a surname which he derived from the Milesians whom he delivered from their tyrant, Timarchus, succeeded his father in B. C. 261. Soon after his accession he became involved in war with Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, which lasted for many years and greatly weakened the Syrian kingdom. Taking advantage of this weakness, Arsaces was able to establish the Parthian empire in B. C. 250; and his example was shortly afterwards followed by Theodotus, the governor of Bactria, who revolted from Antiochus and made Bactria an independent kingdom.
The loss of these provinces induced Antiochus to sue for peace, which was granted (B. C. 250) on condition of his putting away his former wife Laodice and marrying Berenice, a daughter of Ptolemy.
This connexion between Syria and Egypt is referred to in the book of Daniel (11.6), where by the king of the south we are to understand Egypt, and by the king of th
（*Bhrwso/s or *Bhrwssro/s), a priest of Belus at Babylon, and an historian. His name is usually considered to be the same as Bar or Ber Oseas, that is, son of Oseas. (Scalig. Animadr. ad Euseb. p. 248.)
He was born in the reign of Alexander the Great, and lived till that of Antiochus II. urnamed *Qeo/s (B. C. 261-246), in whose reign he is said to have written his history of Babylonia. (Tatian, ad v. Gent. 58; Euseb. Praep. Evang. x. p. 289.) Respecting the personal history of Berosus scarcely anything is known; but he must have been a man of education and extensive learning, and was well acquainted with the Greek language, which the conquests of Alexander had diffused over a great part of Asia. Some writers have thought that they can discover in the extant fragments of his work traces of the author's ignorance of the Chaldee language, and thus have come to the conciusion, that the history of Babylonia was the work of a Greek, who assumed the name of a celebrated Babylonian.