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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 14 14 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 3 3 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 43-45 (ed. Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 31-34 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D. Professor of Latin and Head of the Department of Classics in the University of Pittsburgh) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 23-25 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 264 BC or search for 264 BC in all documents.

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Aba'ntidas (*)Abanti/das), the son of Paseas, became tyrant of Sicyon after murdering Cleinias, the father of Aratus, B. C. 264. Aratus, who was then only seven years old, narrowly escaped death. Abantidas was fond of literature, and was accustomed to attend the philosophical discussions of Deinias and Aristotle, the dialectician, in the agora of Sicyon: on one of these occasions he was murdered by his enemies. He was succeeded in the tyranny by his father, who was put to death by Nicocles. (Plut. Arat. 2. 3; Paus. 2.8.2
Amentes (*)Amh/nths), an ancient Greek surgeon, mentioned by Galen as the inventor of some ingenious bandages. (De Fasciis, 100.58, 61, 89, vol. xii. pp. 486, 487, 493, ed. Chart.) Some fragments of the works of a surgeon named Amyntas (of which name Amentes is very possibly a corruption) still exist in the manuscript Collection of Surgical Writers by Nicetas (Fabricius, Bibl. Gr. vol. xii. p. 778, ed. vet.), and one extract is preserved by Oribasius (Coll. Medic. 48.30) in the fourth volume of Cardinal Mai's Collection of Classici Auctores e Vaticanis Codicibus, p. 99, Rom. 1831, 8vo. His date is unknown, except that he must have lived in or before the second century after Christ. He may perhaps be the same person who is said by the Scholiast on Theocritus (Idyll. 17.128) to have been put to death by Ptolemy Philadelphus, about B. C. 264, for plotting against his life. [W.A.
Aristo'phanes (*)Aristofa/nhs). 1. Of Byzantium, a son of Apelles, and one of the most eminent Greek grammarians at Alexandria. He was a pupil of Zenodotus and Eratosthenes, and teacher of the celebrated Aristarchus. He lived about B. C. 264, in the reign of Ptolemy II. and Ptolemy III., and had the supreme management of the library at Alexandria. All the ancients agree in placing him among the most distinguished critics and grammarians. He founded a school of his own at Alexandria, and acquired great merits for what he did for the Greek language and literature. He and Aristarchus were the principal men who made out the canon of the classical writers of Greece, in the selection of whom they shewed, with a few exceptions, a correct taste and appreciation of what was really good. (Ruhnken, Hist. Crit. Orat. Gr. p. xcv., &c.) Aristophanes was the first who introduced the use of accents in the Greek language. (J. Kreuser, Griech. Accentlehre, p. 167, &c.) Works Criticism and inter
Brutus 7. D. Junius Brutus, probably a son of the preceding, exhibited, in conjunction with his brother Marcus, the first gladiatorial combat at Rome in the Forum Boarium, at his father's funeral in B. C. 264. (Liv. Epit. 16; V. Max. 2.4.7.)
Chrysippus (*Xru/sippos), a Stoic philosopher, son of Apollonius of Tarsus, but born himself at Soli in Cilicia. When young, he lost his paternal property, for some reason unknown to us, and went to Athens, where he became the disciple of Cleanthes, who was then at the head of the Stoical school. Some say that he even heard Zeno, a possible but not probable statement, as Zeno died B. C. 264, and Chrysippus was born B. C. 280. He does not appear to have embraced the doctrines of the Stoics without considerable hesitation, as we hear that he studied the Academic philosophy, and for some time openly dissented from Cleanthes. Disliking the Academic scepticism, he became one of the most strenuous supporters of the principle, that knowledge is attainable and may be established on certain foundations. Hence, though not the founder of the Stoic school, he was the first person who based its doctrines on a plausible system of reasoning, so that it was said, "if Chrysippus had not existed, the
Clau'dius 11. APP. CLAUDIUS APP., C. F. N. CAUDEX, also son of No. 9. He derived his surname from his attention to naval affairs. (Senec. de Brev. Vitae, 13.) He was elected consul B. C. 264, and commanded the forces sent to the assistance of the Mamertini. He effected a landing on the coast of Sicily by night, defeated Hiero and the Carthaginians, and raised the siege of Messana. After a repulse from Egesta, and some other unsuccessful operations, he left a garrison in Messana and returned home. (Plb. 1.11, 12, 16; Suet. Tib. 2.)
Clei'nias 4. The father of Aratus of Sicyon. The Sicyonians committed to him the supreme power in their state on the deposition, according to Pausanias, of the tyrants Euthydemus and Timocleidas, the latter of whom, according to Plutarch, was joined with Cleinias as his colleague. Soon after this Abantidas murdered Cleinias and seized the tyranny, B. C. 264. (Paus. 2.8; Plut. Arat. 2.) [ABANTIDAS.] [E.E]
e)pitomh/. This abridgment, in all probability of the xro/noi, was undoubtedly the work of a late grammarian, and not, as some have thought, of Dionysius himself. 2. *(rwmai+kh\ *)Arxaiologi/a The great historical work of Dionysius, of which we still possess a considerable portion, is the *(rwmai+kh\ *)Arxaiologi/a, which Photius (Bibl. Cod. 83) styles i(storikoi\ lo/goi. It consisted of twenty books, and contained the history of Rome from the earliest or mythical times down to the year B. C. 264, in which the history of Polybius begins with the Punic wars. The first nine books alone are complete; of the tenth and eleventh we have only the greater part; and of the remaining nine we possess nothing but fragments and extracts, which were contained in the collections made at the command of the emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus, and were first published by A. Mai from a MS. in the library of Milan (1816, 4to.), and reprinted at Frankfurt, 1817, 8vo. Mai at first believed that these e
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Flaccus, Fu'lvius 1. M. Fulvius Flaccus, Q. F. M. N., was consul with App. Claudius Caudex, in B. C. 264, the year in which the first Punic war broke out. In his consulship the first gladiatorial games were exhibited at Rome, in the forum barium. (Vell. 1.12; Gel. 17.21; V. Max. 2.4.7; Entrop. 2.10; Oros. 4.7, who erroneously calls the colleague of App. Claudius Caudex, Q. Fabius.)
Hanno 7. Commander of the Carthaginian garrison at Messana, at the beginning of the first Punic war, B. C. 264. It appears that while one party of the Mamertines had sent to request assistance from Rome, the adverse faction had had recourse to Carthage, and had actually put Hanno with a body of Carthaginian troops in possession of the citadel. Hence, when the Roman officer, C. Claudius, came to announce to the Mamertines that the Romans were sending a force to their support, and called on them to eject the Carthaginians, no answer was returned. On this, Claudius retired to Rhegium, where he collected a few ships, with which he attempted to pass into Sicily. His first attempt was easily baffled, and some of his ships fell into the hands of Hanno, who sent them back to him with a friendly message; but, on receiving a haughty answer, he declared that he would not suffer the Romans even to wash their hands in the sea. Nevertheless, Claudius eluded his vigilance, and landed at Messana, w
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