y was raised against him. Zenonis tormenta: The steadfastness under
torture of Zeno of Elea (born
c. 490 B.C., disciple of Parmenides; cf.
1P1.10) was proverbial, but different versions of the story gave
different names for the torturer. novisti: < nosco ,
"learn." The perfect means "to know" (i.e., "to have learned"). at: "yet, on the other hand."
Canios: Canius was killed by
the emperor Gaius (= Caligula, who reigned 37-41 A.D.); see 1.P4.27 for an anecdote on his fate. The plurals are
used only to generalize the fate of philosophers. Senecas: L. Annaeus Seneca ("the younger", d.
65 A.D.), once tutor to Nero,
later driven to suicide by his pupil. Soranos: Soranus, like Canius and Seneca, was a Stoic
philosopher (it is only the Stoicum vulgus
for which P. has just indicated a distaste); like Seneca, he was driven
to suicide by Nero after false accusations.