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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK XVI., CHAPTER II. (search)
he philosophers of the school
of Zeno, and of their writings.
Tyre is distant from Sidon not more than 200 stadia. Between the two is situated a small town, called Ornithopolis,
(the city of birds); next a riverNahr-Quasmieh. which empties itself near
Tyre into the sea. Next after Tyre is Palæ-tyrus (ancient
Tyre), at the distance of 30 stadia.Vestiges of the ancient city still remain. Here was the celebrated temple of the Phœnician Hercules, founded according to Herodotus, ii. 44, before 2700 B. C.
Then follows Ptolemaïs, a large city, formerly called
Ace.Acre. It was the place of rendezvous for the Persians in
their expeditions against Egypt. Between Ace and Tyre is
a sandy beach, the sand of which is used in making glass.
The sand, it is said, is not fused there, but carried to Sidon to
undergo that process. Some say that the Sidonians have, in
their own country, the vitrifiable sand; according to others,
the sand of every place can be fused. I heard at Alexandria