ing the Peloponnesian war Athens had to reckon with their tendency to revolt as well as with her Dorian enemies.
Such a confederation was naturally doomed to speedy overthrow.
In the century following the death of Alexander, in the closing age of Hellenic independence, the federal idea appears in a much more advanced stage of elaboration, though in a part of Greece which had been held of little account in the great days of Athens and Sparta.
Between the Achaian federation, framed in 274 B. C., and the United States of America, there are some interesting points of resemblance which have been elaborately discussed by Mr. Freeman, in his History of federal government.
About the same time the Aetolian League came into prominence in the north.
Both these leagues were instances of true federal government, and were not mere confederations; that is, the central government acted directly upon all the citizens and not merely upon the local governments.
Each of these leagues had for it