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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 8 8 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 277 BC or search for 277 BC in all documents.

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ry of Amphiaraus, at Oropus. But some golden vessels belonging to the temple having been lost while he was there, the Boeotians compelled him to leave it. He then betook himself to the court of Antigonus, where he shortly after died of grief. According to another account, he went from Eretria to Antigonus for the purpose of inducing him to interfere to establish the freedom of his native city; but not succeeding, starved himself to death in the 74th year of his age, probably about the year B. C. 277. As a teacher, his intercourse with his disciples was marked by the entire absence of all formality and restraint, though he seems to have been noted for the sternness with which he rebuked all kinds or dissoluteness and intemperance; insomuch, that the fear of incurring his censure seems occasionally to have acted as a salutary check. He lived with his friend Asclepiades, between whom and himself there existed an intimacy which resembled that of Pylades and Orestes. For the latter part
hens. This is to some extent confirmed by the fact that his brother, Timocrates, was an Athenian citizen of the deme Potamus, in the tribe Leontis [TIMOCRATES]; but the former account seems to be supported by the best authority. Metrodorus was the most distinguished of the disciples of Epicurus, with whom he lived on terms of the closest friendship, never having left him since he became acquainted with him, except for six months on one occasion, when he paid a visit to his home. He died in B. C. 277, in the 53d year of his age, seven years before Epicurus, who would have appointed him his successor had he survived him. He left behind him a son named Epicurus, and a daughter, whom Epicurus, in his will, entrusted to the guardianship of Amynomachus and Timocrates, to be brought up under the joint care of themselves and Hermachus, and provided for out of the property which he left behind him. In a letter also which he wrote upon his death-bed, Epicurus commended the children to. the care
natas. The threatened attack, however, passed over with little injury. Antiochus actually invaded Bithynia, but withdrew again without risking a battle. It was apparently as much against his revolted subjects as his foreign enemies that Nicomedes now called in the assistance of more powerful auxiliaries, and entered into an alliance with the Gauls, who, under Leonnorius and Lutarius, were arrived on the opposite side of the Bosporus, and were at this time engaged in the siege of Byzantium, B. C. 277. Having furnished them with the means of crossing over into Asia, he first turned the arms of his new auxiliaries against his brother, Zipoetes, whom he defeated and put to death, and thus reunited the whole of Bithvnia under his dominion. (Memonon, 100.16, 18, 1.); Liv. 38.16; Just. 25.2.) Of the events that followed we have little information; it is probable that the Gauls subsequently assisted Nicomedes against Antiochus (Trog. Pomp. prol. xxv; comp. Droysen, Hellenism. vol. ii. p. 178)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Persaeus or Persaeus Cittieus (search)
ally been Zeno's slave, the sarcasm would have been pointless. We learn from Diogenes Laertius, that Zeno lived in the same house with Persaeus, and he narrates an incident, which certainly supports the insinuation of Bion. The same story is told by Athenaeus (xiii. p. 607a. b.), on the authority of Antigonus the Carystian, somewhat differently, and not so much to Zeno's credit. Persaeus was in the prime of life in the 130th Olympiad, B. C. 260. Antigonus Gonatas had sent for Zeno. between B. C. 277 and 271 (Clinton, F. H. vol. ii. p. 368, note i), when the philosopher was in his eightyfirst year. Zeno excused himself, but sent Persaeus and Philonides, with whom went also the poet Aratus, who had received instructions from Persaeus at Athens. Persaeus seems to have been in high favour with Antigonus, and to have guided the monarch in his choice of literary associates, as we learn from a sneer of Bion's, recorded by Laertius. At last, unhappily for himself, he was appointed to a chief
Ptolemaeus 8. Son of Lysimachus, king of Thrace. He was the eldest of the three sons of that monarch by his last wife Arsinoe, and the only one who escaped falling into the hands of Ptolemy Ceraunus. Having in vain urged his mother not to trust to the friendly professions of the usurper, he himself appears to have made his escape and taken refuge with Monunius, king of the Dardanians, whom he persuaded to take up arms in his cause, but we know nothing of the events of the war. (Just. 24.2; Trog. Pomp. Prol. xxiv.) It is probable, however, that the Ptolemy who is mentioned as establishing, or asserting, a transient claim to the throne of Macedonia, during the period of anarchy which followed the death of Ptolemy Ceraunus (B. C. 280-277), is no other than the one in question. (Porphyr. apud Euseb. Arm. p. 157; Dexippus, apud Syncetl. p. 267.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
dictator. He was consul for the first time in B. C. 290, with M'. Curious Dentatus, and in conjunction with his colleague brought the Samnite war to a conclusion, and obtained a triumph in consequence. [DENTATUS.] He was consul a second time in B. C. 277, with C. Junius Brutus Bubulcus, and carried on the war against the Samnites and the Gireeks in Southern Italy, who were now deprived of the powerful protection of Pyrrhus. The chief event of his second consulship was the capture of the importa on account of his avarice and dis honesty, but he was at the same time one of the most distinguished generals of his time; and accordingly C. Fabricius, his personal enemy, is said to have supported his application for his second consulship in B. C. 277, because the Romans stood in need of a general of experience and skill on account of their war with Pyrrhus. But as Pyrrhus had left Italy in the middle of the preceding year, Niebuhr remarks (llist. of Rome, vol. iii. note 903) that the suppor
Ziboetes 2. Son of the preceding, who established himself in a part of Bithynia, and against whom Nicomedes carried on war in B. C. 277. It was for the purpose of overpowering him that Nicomedes called in the aid of the Gauls. ( Liv. 38.16; comp. Clinton, Fasti Hellen. vol. iii. p. 411.) The name Tiboetes [TIBOETES] is by some corrected to Ziboetes. [C.P.M]