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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 9 9 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 6 6 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK XVII., CHAPTER I. (search)
-palms, produces the caryotic, which is not inferior to the Babylonian. There are, however, two kinds of dates in the Thebaïs and in Judæa, the caryotic and another. The Thebaic is firmer, but the flavour is more agreeable. There is an island remarkable for producing the best dates, and it also furnishes the largest revenue to the governors. It was appropriated to the kings, and no private person had any share in the produce; at present it belongs to the governors. HerodotusHerod. ii. 28, who, however, seems to doubt the veracity of his informant. and other writers trifle very much when they introduce into their histories the marvellous, like (an interlude of) music and song, or some melody; for example, in asserting that the sources of the Nile are near the numerous islands, at Syene and Elephantina, and that at this spot the river has an unfathomable depth. In the Nile there are many islands scattered about, some of which are entirely covered, others in part only, at the
tioned by Aulus Gellius, and who lived in the time of the Emperor Adrian. who wrote on the same subject, FirmusNothing whatever is known relative to this writer. who wrote on the same subject, PetrichusThe author of a Greek poem on venomous serpents, mentioned in B. xx. c. 96, and B. xxii. c. 40, and by the Scholiast on the Theriaca of Nicander. who wrote on the same subject. FOREIGN AUTHORS QUOTED.—Herodotus,See end of B. ii. Theophrastus,See end of B. iii. Democritus,See end of B. ii. Aristomachus,See end of B. xi. MenanderNothing whatever is known of him. His Book seems to have been a compendium of "Things useful to life." who wrote the Biochresta, Anaxiläus.A physician and Pythagorean philosopher, born at one of the cities called Larissa, but which, is now unknown. He was banished by the Emperor Augustus, B.C. 28, on the charge of practising magic, a charge probably based on his superior skill in natural philosophy. He is frequently mentioned by Pliny in the course of this work.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, APOLLO PALATINUS, AEDES (search)
sius, Serv. Aen. vi. 72; delubrum, Plin. NH xxxvi. 24, 32; Actia monumenta, Prop. iv. 6. 17), the second and far the most famous temple of Apollo in Rome (Asc. in Cic. orat. in tog. cand. 90; his temporibus nobilissima), on the Palatine within the pomerium, on ground that had been struck by lightning and therefore made public property (Cass. Dio xlix. 15. 5). It was vowed by Augustus in 36 B.C. during his campaign against Sextus Pompeius, begun in the same year, and dedicated 9th October, B.C. 28 (Vell. ii. 81; Cass. Dio xlix. 15. 5; liii. I. 3; Suet. Aug. 29; Asc. loc. cit.; Mon. Anc. iv. I; Prop. iv. 6, esp. 11, 17, 67; Fast. Amit. Ant. Arv. ad vii id. Oct.; CIL I 2. p. 214, 245, 249, 331; cf. Hor. Carm. i. 31,written on the occasion of its dedication; and for incidental reference to its site Ov. Fast. iv. 951; Fest. 258; Suet. Nero 25); probably represented on a coin of Caligula (Cohen, Cal. 9- 11; cf. Richmond, Essays and Studies presented to William Ridgeway on his Sixtieth Birthd
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, COLUMNA ROSTRATA AUGUSTI (search)
COLUMNA ROSTRATA AUGUSTI a gilded column, decorated with rostra, erected in the forum after Octavian's return to Rome in 36 B.C., to commemorate his victory over Sextus Pompeius (App. BC v. 130). The column was surmounted with a statue of Octavian and is represented on a coin issued between 35 and 28 B.C. (Cohen, Aug. 124; BM. Aug. 633-6). Servius (ad Georg. iii. 29: navali surgentes aere columnas) says that after his conquest of Egypt Augustus melted down many of the beaks of the captured ships and constructed four columns, which Domitian removed to the Capitoline where they stood in Servius' day. Where they were erected by Augustus, and whether they were rostratae in the ordinary sense, is uncertain
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, ISIS, AEDES (search)
wn whether this temple was actually built or not. Tibullus (i. 3. 27-30: picta docet templis multa tabella tuis ... ante sacras fores) and Ovid (A.A. i. 77: nec fuge linigerae Memphitica templa iuvencae; Am. ii. 13. 7) speak of a temple or temples of Isis as a conspicuous resort of women, especially of prostitutes, a characteristic also of the later temple (Iuv. ix. 22; Mart. ii. 14. 7; x. 48. I). On the other hand, repressive measures against Egyptian cults were carried out by Augustus in 28 B.C. (Cass. Dio liii. 2. 4), by Agrippa in 21 (ib. liv. 6. 6), and by Tiberius in 9 A.D. (Tac. Ann. ii. 85; Suet. Tib. 36), who is even said to have destroyed a temple of Isis and thrown her statue into the Tiber (Joseph. Ant. xviii. 3. 4). Between the reign of Tiberius and 65 A.D. (Lucan viii. 831) the cult of Isis had been officially received in Rome, and this temple in the campus Martius, if not built in the previous century, must have been built then, perhaps by Caligula. It was burned in 80
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, MAUSOLEUM AUGUSTI (search)
MAUSOLEUM AUGUSTI * the mausoleum erected, as a dynastic rather than as a personal monument (we may note that it had become customary to grant the privilege of burial in the campus Martius to persons of distinction by special decree of the senate), by Augustus for himself, his family, and his successors in the northern part of the campus Martius, between the via Flaminia and the Tiber, as early as 28 B.C. (Suet. Aug. 100:(mausoleum) inter Flaminiam viam ripamque Tiberis sexto suo consulatu extruxerat, circumiectasque silvas et ambulationes in usum populi iam turn publicarat; Strabo v. 3. 9, p. 236: to\ *mausw/leion kalou/menon, e)ti\ krhpi=dos u(yhlh=s leukoli/qou pro\s tw=| potamw=| xw=ma me/ga, a)/rxi korufh=s toi=s a)eiqale/si tw=n de/ndrwn sunhrefe/s. e)p) a)/kpw| me\n ou)=n ei)kw/n e)sti xalkh= tou= *sebastou= kai/sapos, u(po\ de\ tw=| xw/mati qh=kai/ ei)sin au)tou= kai\ tw=n suggenw=n kai\ oi)kei/wn, o)/pisqen di\ me/ga a)/lsos peripa/tous qaumastou\s e)/xon); Fasti Cupr.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, STADIUM AUGUSTI (search)
STADIUM AUGUSTI a temporary wooden structure erected by Augustus in the campus Martius in 28 B.C. in which he celebrated the battle of Actium with gymnastic contests (Cass. Dio liii. I).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
as, 6; erects statue of Apollo in Vicus Sandalarius, 19, 577. 29Temple of Divus Julius dedicated, 286. Curia Julia dedicated, 143. Statue and altar of Victory erected in Curia, 569. Atrium Libertatis restored, 56. Chalcidicum built, in. Temple of Hercules Musarum restored, 255. Porticus Philippi, 428. 29Arch of Augustus, 34; Amphitheatre of Statilius Taurus, 11. House of M. Antonius on Palatine burnt, 156. (ca.). Augustus buys and rebuilds house of Catulus, 175. 28Temple of Apollo Palatinus dedicated, 16. Mausoleum of Augustus, 332. Temporary wooden Stadium of Augustus, 495. 27-25Pantheon of Agrippa, 382. 27House of Augustus completed, 157. Porticus of Octavia built to substitute that of Metellus, 305, 427. 26Temple of Juppiter Tonans on Capitol vowed, 305. Agrippa dedicates the Saepta, 460. (ca.). Temple of Juppiter Capitolinus restored, 300. 25Agrippa: builds Porticus Argonautarum, 420; Thermae begun, 518; builds Basilica Neptuni,
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
27; Plin. Nat. 36.15, s. 24 § 3; Strab. v. p.235; Frontin. De Aquaed. 9.) When the war broke out between Octavianus and M. Antonius, Agrippa was appointed comnander-in-chief of the fleet, B. C. 32. He took Methone in the Peloponnesus, Leucas, Patrae, and Corinth; and in the battle of Actium (B. C. 31) where he commanded, the victory was mainly owing to his skill. On his return to Rome in B. C. 30, Octavianus, now Augustus, rewarded him with a " vexillum caeruleum," or sea-green flag. In B. C. 28, Agrippa became consul for the second time with Augustus, and about this time married Marcella, the niece of Augustus, and the daughter of his sister Octavia. His former wife, Pomponia, the daughter of T. Pomponins Atticus, was either dead or divorced. In the following year, B. C. 27, he was again consul the third time with Augustus. In B. C. 25, Agrippa accompanied Augustus to the war against the Cantabrians. About this time jealousy arose between him and his brother-in-law Marcellus, th
Anaxila'us (*)Anaci/laos), a physician and Pythagorean philosopher, was born at Larissa, but at which city of that name is not certain. He was banished by the Emperor Augustus from Rome and Italy, B. C. 28, on account of his being accused of being a magician (Euseb. Chron. ad Olymp. clxxxviii.), which charge, it appears, originated in his possessing superior skill in natural philosophy, and thus performing by natural means certain wonderful things, which by the ignorant and credulous were ascribed to magic. These tricks are mentioned by St. Irenaeus (1.13.1, p. 60, ed. Paris, 1710) and St. Epiphanius (Adv. Haeres. lib. i. tom. iii. Haer. 14, vol. i. p. 232. ed. Colon. 1682), and several specimens are given by Pliny (Plin. Nat. 19.4, 25.95, 28.49, 32.52, 35.50), which, however, need not be here mentioned, as some are quite incredible, and the others may be easily explained. (Cagnati, Variae Observat. 3.10, p. 213, &c., ed. Rom. 1587.) [W.A.
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