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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 17 17 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 285 BC or search for 285 BC in all documents.

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Arsi'noe 3. The daughter of Lysimachus and Nicaea, was married to Ptolemy II. Philadelphus soon after his accession, B. C. 285. When Arsinoe, the sister of Ptolemy Philadelphus [see No. 2], fled to Egypt in B. C. 279, and Ptolemy became captivated by her, Arsinoe, the daughter of Lysinachus, in conjunction with Amyntas and Chrysippus, a physician of Rhodes, plotted against her ; but her plots were discovered, and she was banished to Coptos, or some city of the Thebais. She had by Ptolemy three children, Ptolemy Evergetes, afterwards king, Lysimachus, and Berenice. (Schol. ad Theocr. Id. 17.128; Paus. 1.7.3; Plb. 15.25.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Cani'na, C. Clau'dius consul in B. C. 285 and 273. [CLAUDIUS.]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
of their territory was distributed among the plebeians. (Niebuhr, Hist. of Rome, iii. p. 420.) In B. C. 283, Dentatus was appointed praetor in the place of L. Caecilius, who was slain in an engagement against the Senones, and he forthwith sent ambassadors to the enemy to negotiate the ransom of the Roman prisoners; but his ambassadors were murdered by the Senones. Aurelius Victor mentions an ovatio of Curius over the Lucanians, which according to Niebuhr (iii. p. 437) belonged either to B. C. 285 or the year previous. In B. C. 275 Curius Dentatus was consul a second time. Pyrrhus was then returning from Sicily, and in the levy which Dentatus made to complete the army, he set an example of the strictest severity, for the property of the first person that refused to serve was confiscated and sold, and when the man remonstrated he himself too is said to have been sold. When the army was ready, Dentatus marched into Samnium and defeated Pyrrhus near Beneventum and in the Arusinian plai
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Denter, Caeci'lius 1. L. Caecilius Denter, was consul in B. C. 284, and praetor the year after. In this capacity he fell in the war against the Senones and was succeeded by M'. Curius Dentatus. (Liv. Epit. 12; Oros. 3.22 ; Plb. 2.19; Fast. Sicul.) Fischer in his Römisch. Zeittafeln makes him praetor and die in B. C. 285, and in the year following he has him again as consul. Drumann (Gesch. Roms, ii. p. 18) denies the identity of the consul and the praetor, on the ground that it was not customary for a person to hoid the praetorship the year after his consulship; but examples of such a mode of proceeding do occur (Liv. 10.22, 22.35), and Drumann's objection thus falls to the ground
ristotle (Cic. de Leg. 3.6), and a friend of Theophrastus, to whom he dedicated some of his writings. Most of Aristotle's disciples are mentioned also among those of Plato, but as this is not the case with Dicaearchus, Osann (Beiträge zur Griech. u. Röm. Lit. ii. p. 1, &c.) justly infers that Dicaearchus was one of Aristotle's younger disciples. From some allusions which we meet with in the fragments of his works, we must conclude that he survived the year B. C. 296, and that he died about B. C. 285. Dicaearchus was highly esteemed by the ancients as a philosopher and as a man of most extensive information upon a great variety of things. (Cic. Tusc. 1.18, de Off. 2.5; Varro, de Re Rust. 1.2.) Works Dicaearchus' works, which were very numerous, are frequently referred to, and many fragments of them are still extant, which shew that their loss is one of the most severe in Greek literature. His works were partly geographical, partly political or historical, and partly philosophical; b
Le'pidus 1. M. Aemilius Lepidus, consul B. C. 285, but whose name only occurs in the Fasti.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Lusci'nus, Fabri'cius 1. C. Fabricius Luscinus, C. F. C. N., one of the most popular heroes in the Roman annals, who, like Cincinnatus and Curius, is the representative of the poverty and honesty of the good old times. He is first mentioned in B. C. 285 or 284, when he was sent as ambassador to the Tarentines and other allied states, to dissuade them from making war against Rome, but he was apprehended by them, while they sent embassies to the Etruscans, Umbrians, and Gauls, for the purpose of forming a general coalition against Rome. (Dio Cass. Frag. 144, ed. Reimar.) He must, however, have been released soon afterwards, for he was consul in B. C. 282 with Q. Aemillus Papus. In his consulship he had to carry on war in Southern Italy against the Samnites, Lucanians, and Bruttii. He marched first to the relief of the town of Thurii, to which the Lucanians and Bruttii had laid siege, under the command of Statilius; but on leading out his army against the enemy, his soldiers lost courag
p. 561.) But the course of events had now rendered Lysimachus and Seleucus themselves rivals, and, instead of joining against any common foe, all their suspicions and apprehensions were directed henceforth towards one another. This naturally led the former to draw yet closer the bonds of his alliance with Egypt. Lysimachus himself, as we have seen, had already married Arsinoe, daughter of Ptolemy Soter; his son Agathocles had espoused Lysandra, another daughter of the same monarch, and, in B. C. 285, he gave his daughter Arsinoe in marriage to Ptolemy Philadelphus, who had already ascended the Egyptian throne. (Schol. ad Theocr. Idyll. 17.128; Paus. 1.7.3.) The few remaining events of the reign of Lysimachus were for the most part connected with his private relations; and the dark domestic tragedy that clouded his declining years led also to the downfal of his empire. In B. C. 302, after the death of his first wife Nicaea, he had married Amastris, the widow of Dionysius, tyrant of H
Oxathres 4. A son of Dionysius tyrant of Heracleia and of Amastris, the daughter of No. 2. He succeeded, together with his brother Cledrchus, to the sovereignty of Heracleia on the death of Dionysius, B. C. 306 : but the government was administered by Amastris during the minority of her two sons. Soon after the young men had attained to manhood and taken the direction of affairs into their own hands, they caused their mother to be put to death : but this act of parricide brought upon them the vengeance of Lysimachus, who made himself master of Heracleia, and put both Clearchus and Oxathres to death. According to Diodorus, they had reigned seventeen years; but Droysen assigns their death to the year B. C. 285. (Memnon, 100.4-6; Diod. 20.77; Droysen, Hellenism. vol. i. pp. 609, 634.)
t will be necessary to attend to the correct date. Athenaeus, the mechanician, mentions that Ctesibius dedicated his work to Marcellus. This Marcellus has been supposed to be the illustrious captor of Syracuse, without any evidence. Again, the epigrammatist Hedylus speaks (Athen. 11.497c.) of Ctesibius in connection with a temple to Arsinoe, the wife and sister of Ptolemy Philadelphus. Hence it has been stated that Ctesibius flourished about the time of Ptolemy Philadelphus and Euergetes I B. C. 285-222, and Athenaeus, in that of Archimedes, who was slain B. C. 212. The inference drawn from the hydraulic invention of Ctesibius is untenable, as he might well be employed to ornament a temple already existing, and there is no ground for believing that the Marcellus, to whom Athenaeus dedicated his work, is the person assumed. On the contrary, Philon, and therefore the rest, must have lived after the time of Archimedes, as we learn from Tzetzes (Chil. 2.5.152) that Philon, in one of his
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